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String.CompareTo Method (Object)

Compares this instance with a specified Object and indicates whether this instance precedes, follows, or appears in the same position in the sort order as the specified Object.

Namespace:  System
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public int CompareTo(
	Object value
)

Parameters

value
Type: System.Object
An object that evaluates to a String.

Return Value

Type: System.Int32
A 32-bit signed integer that indicates whether this instance precedes, follows, or appears in the same position in the sort order as the value parameter.

Value

Condition

Less than zero

This instance precedes value.

Zero

This instance has the same position in the sort order as value.

Greater than zero

This instance follows value.

-or-

value is null.

Implements

IComparable.CompareTo(Object)

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentException

value is not a String.

value must be a String object.

Caution noteCaution

The CompareTo method was designed primarily for use in sorting or alphabetizing operations. It should not be used when the primary purpose of the method call is to determine whether two strings are equivalent. To determine whether two strings are equivalent, call the Equals method.

This method performs a word (case-sensitive and culture-sensitive) comparison using the current culture. For more information about word, string, and ordinal sorts, see System.Globalization.CompareOptions.

For more information about the behavior of this method, see the Remarks section of the String.Compare(String, String) method.

The following example demonstrates how you can use the CompareTo method with an Object.


using System;

public class MyClass {}
public class ArgExceptionExample 
   {
   public static void Main()
      {
      MyClass my = new MyClass();
      string s = "sometext";
      try 
         {
         int i = s.CompareTo(my);
         }
            catch (Exception e) 
            {
            Console.WriteLine("Error: {0}",e.ToString());
            }
      }
}


.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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