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File.Copy Method (String, String)

Copies an existing file to a new file. Overwriting a file of the same name is not allowed.

Namespace:  System.IO
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public static void Copy(
	string sourceFileName,
	string destFileName
)

Parameters

sourceFileName
Type: System.String

The file to copy.

destFileName
Type: System.String

The name of the destination file. This cannot be a directory or an existing file.

ExceptionCondition
UnauthorizedAccessException

The caller does not have the required permission.

ArgumentException

sourceFileName or destFileName is a zero-length string, contains only white space, or contains one or more invalid characters as defined by InvalidPathChars.

-or-

sourceFileName or destFileName specifies a directory.

ArgumentNullException

sourceFileName or destFileName is null.

PathTooLongException

The specified path, file name, or both exceed the system-defined maximum length. For example, on Windows-based platforms, paths must be less than 248 characters, and file names must be less than 260 characters.

DirectoryNotFoundException

The path specified in sourceFileName or destFileName is invalid (for example, it is on an unmapped drive).

FileNotFoundException

sourceFileName was not found.

IOException

destFileName exists.

-or-

An I/O error has occurred.

NotSupportedException

sourceFileName or destFileName is in an invalid format.

This method is equivalent to the Copy(String, String, Boolean) method overload with the overwrite parameter set to false.

The sourceFileName and destFileName parameters can specify relative or absolute path information. Relative path information is interpreted as relative to the current working directory. To obtain the current working directory, see the Directory.GetCurrentDirectory method. This method does not support wildcard characters in the parameters.

The attributes of the original file are retained in the copied file.

The following example copies files to the C:\archives\2008 backup folder. It uses the two overloads of the Copy method as follows:

  • It first uses the File.Copy(String, String)method overload to copy text (.txt) files. The code demonstrates that this overload does not allow overwriting files that were already copied.

  • It then uses the File.Copy(String, String, Boolean) method overload to copy pictures (.jpg files). The code demonstrates that this overload does allow overwriting files that were already copied.

string sourceDir = @"c:\current";
string backupDir = @"c:\archives\2008";

try
{
    string[] picList = Directory.GetFiles(sourceDir, "*.jpg");
    string[] txtList = Directory.GetFiles(sourceDir, "*.txt");

    // Copy picture files. 
    foreach (string f in picList)
    {
        // Remove path from the file name. 
        string fName = f.Substring(sourceDir.Length + 1);

        // Use the Path.Combine method to safely append the file name to the path. 
        // Will overwrite if the destination file already exists.
        File.Copy(Path.Combine(sourceDir, fName), Path.Combine(backupDir, fName), true);
    }

    // Copy text files. 
    foreach (string f in txtList)
    {

        // Remove path from the file name. 
        string fName = f.Substring(sourceDir.Length + 1);

        try
        {
            // Will not overwrite if the destination file already exists.
            File.Copy(Path.Combine(sourceDir, fName), Path.Combine(backupDir, fName));
        }

        // Catch exception if the file was already copied. 
        catch (IOException copyError)
        {
            Console.WriteLine(copyError.Message);
        }
    }

    // Delete source files that were copied. 
    foreach (string f in txtList)
    {
        File.Delete(f);
    }
    foreach (string f in picList)
    {
        File.Delete(f);
    }
}

catch (DirectoryNotFoundException dirNotFound)
{
    Console.WriteLine(dirNotFound.Message);
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Silverlight 8.1

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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