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Enumerable.ToDictionary<TSource, TKey> Method (IEnumerable<TSource>, Func<TSource, TKey>, IEqualityComparer<TKey>)

Creates a Dictionary<TKey, TValue> from an IEnumerable<T> according to a specified key selector function and key comparer.

Namespace:  System.Linq
Assembly:  System.Core (in System.Core.dll)

public static Dictionary<TKey, TSource> ToDictionary<TSource, TKey>(
	this IEnumerable<TSource> source,
	Func<TSource, TKey> keySelector,
	IEqualityComparer<TKey> comparer
)

Type Parameters

TSource

The type of the elements of source.

TKey

The type of the keys returned by keySelector.

Parameters

source
Type: System.Collections.Generic.IEnumerable<TSource>
An IEnumerable<T> to create a Dictionary<TKey, TValue> from.
keySelector
Type: System.Func<TSource, TKey>
A function to extract a key from each element.
comparer
Type: System.Collections.Generic.IEqualityComparer<TKey>
An IEqualityComparer<T> to compare keys.

Return Value

Type: System.Collections.Generic.Dictionary<TKey, TSource>
A Dictionary<TKey, TValue> that contains keys and values.

Usage Note

In Visual Basic and C#, you can call this method as an instance method on any object of type IEnumerable<TSource>. When you use instance method syntax to call this method, omit the first parameter. For more information, see Extension Methods (Visual Basic) or Extension Methods (C# Programming Guide).

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

source or keySelector is null.

-or-

keySelector produces a key that is null.

ArgumentException

keySelector produces duplicate keys for two elements.

If comparer is null, the default equality comparer Default is used to compare keys.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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