Export (0) Print
Expand All
2 out of 6 rated this helpful - Rate this topic

How to: Deploy a custom theme in SharePoint 2013

SharePoint 2013

Updated: May 7, 2013

Learn how to deploy a custom theme to a SharePoint 2013 site by using the user interface or by implementing a feature receiver.

Applies to:  SharePoint Foundation 2013 | SharePoint Server 2013 | Office 365 

SharePoint 2013 includes preinstalled themes. You can create custom themes by creating additional color palettes, font schemes, and master pages. After the files are uploaded to the Theme Gallery and the Master Page Gallery, you can deploy a theme to a site by using the user interface or by using code. For more information about color palettes and font schemes, see Color palettes and fonts in SharePoint 2013.

Table 1 lists articles that can help you understand the core concepts of deploying themes.

Table 1. Core concepts to deploy a theme

Article title

Description

Themes overview for SharePoint 2013

Learn about the theming experience in SharePoint 2013.

Feature Events

Learn about feature events, which enable you to trap and respond to an event that occurs when a feature is installed in the server farm.

You can create custom themes by creating additional color palettes and font schemes and uploading them to the Theme Gallery. The new color palettes and font schemes are then available to you when you modify a design in the theming experience or when you apply a theme programmatically. Similarly, if you want to have additional site layouts to choose from, you can upload additional master pages, and corresponding preview files, to the Master Page Gallery. The following list describes where to place the files:

  • Master Page Gallery   Lists the master page files, and their corresponding preview files (.preview files). A master page preview file is required if you want the master page to be available in the Change the look wizard. JavaScript files and other design assets can also be uploaded to the Master Page Gallery.

    To access the Master Page Gallery from the SharePoint user interface, on the Site Settings page, under Web Designer Galleries, choose Master pages. You can also navigate directly to the site (http:// SiteName/_catalogs/masterpage/).

  • Theme Gallery   Lists the color palettes and font schemes that are available to the theming experience. SharePoint looks in the 15 folder to determine the available color palettes and font schemes.

    To access the Theme Gallery from the SharePoint user interface, on the Site Settings page, under Web Designer Galleries, choose Themes. You can also navigate directly to the site (http://SiteCollectionName/_catalogs/theme/15/).

  • Style library   Lists custom CSS files that you want to use in the theming experience. You can navigate directly to the Style library (replace SiteCollectionName and language in this URL: http://SiteCollectionName/Style Library/language/Themable/).

    Note Note

    Place the custom CSS files in the Themable folder in the Style library, not the Themable folder in the Master Page Gallery. Only CSS files that are stored in the Themable folder in the Style library are recognized by the theming engine.

Note Note

If you have versioning enabled on the Master Page Gallery and the Theme Gallery, you must also publish the design files before they can be used by the theming engine.

A composed look, or design, is the color palette, font scheme, background image, and master page that determine the look and feel of a site. The Composed Looks list contains the composed looks that are available in the design gallery. You create a design by adding a list item in the Composed Looks list and specifying the master page, color palette, font scheme, and background image to use.

Note Note

A master page preview file is required if you want the master page to be available in the design gallery.

To add a composed look

  1. Choose the Settings icon, and then choose Site settings.

  2. Under Web Designer Galleries, choose Composed looks.

  3. In the Composed Looks list, select new item.

  4. In the Title text box, enter a title for the design.

  5. In the Name text box, enter a name for the design. The name appears in the Composed Looks list and in the design gallery.

  6. In the Master Page URL text box, enter the URL of the master page. The URL can be a relative URL.

  7. In the Theme URL text box, enter the URL of the color palette (the URL to the .spcolor file). The URL can be a relative URL.

  8. In the Image URL text box, enter the URL of the background image. This is optional. The URL can be a relative URL.

  9. In the Font Scheme URL text box, enter the URL of the font scheme (the URL to the .spfont file). This is optional. The URL can be a relative URL.

  10. In the Display Order text box, enter the display order number. This determines where the design appears in the design gallery.

  11. Choose Save.

    Note Note

    If there is an issue with the composed look values, the composed look is not added to the design gallery, and no message is recorded in the log files. The following are possible reasons why a composed look cannot be added: a file cannot be found, there is a formatting issue with one of the files, or SharePoint is unable to access the files.

You can now use the design gallery to apply the new design to your site. For more information, see Choose a theme for your publishing site on Office.com.

You can deploy a theme by implementing a feature receiver.

To deploy a theme by using a feature receiver

  1. Create a feature receiver class that inherits from the SPFeatureReceiver class.

  2. In the FeatureActivated method, create an SPTheme object that uses the color palette and font scheme, and then apply the theme to your site.

    The following code example shows how to deploy a custom color palette and font scheme to a site.

    // Get the SPColor file. Replace with the path to your SPColor file.
    SPFile colorPaletteFile = Web.GetFile("path to .spcolor file");
    if (null == colorPaletteFile || !colorPaletteFile.Exists)
    {
        // TODO: handle the error.
        return;
    }
    
    // Get the SPFont file. Replace with the path to your SPFont file.
    SPFile fontSchemeFile = Web.GetFile("path to .spfont file");
    if (null == fontSchemeFile || !fontSchemeFile.Exists)
    {
        // TODO: handle the error.
        return;
    }
    
    // Open an SPTheme with the two files. Replace NewTheme with the name for your theme.
    // Note: If you have a background image, you can specify the following:
    // SPTheme.Open("NewTheme", colorPaletteFile, fontSchemeFile, backgroundURI)
    SPTheme theme = SPTheme.Open("NewTheme", colorPaletteFile, fontSchemeFile);
    
    
    // Now apply your theme to the site.
    // The themed CSS output files are stored in the Themed folder of the Theme Gallery of the root web
    // of the site collection. To specify that the files should be stored in the _themes folder within the root 
    // web, pass false to the ApplyTo method.
    theme.ApplyTo(Web, true);
    
    NoteNote

    The shareGenerated parameter in the ApplyTo method specifies whether the themed files can be shared across sites in a site collection. In general, it is set to true for SharePoint Server and SharePoint Online sites and set to false for SharePoint Foundation sites. The shareGenerated parameter must be set to true if you intend the themed files to be shared. For more information, see ApplyTo(SPWeb, Boolean).

    When a user applies a theme in the Change the look wizard, the wizard also updates a theme named Current in the Composed Looks list and the design gallery. When you apply a theme programmatically, you have to update the Current theme manually. The following example shows how to update the Current theme.

    SPList designGallery = Web.GetCatalog(SPListTemplateType.DesignCatalog);
    if (null == designGallery)
    {
        // TODO: Handle the error.
        return;
    }
    
    SPQuery q = new SPQuery();
    q.RowLimit = 1;
    q.Query = "<Where><Eq><FieldRef Name='DisplayOrder'/><Value Type='Number'>0</Value></Eq></Where>";
    q.ViewFields = "<FieldRef Name='DisplayOrder'/>";
    q.ViewFieldsOnly = true;
    
    SPListItemCollection currentItems = designGallery.GetItems(q);
    
    If (currentItems.Count == 1)
    {
        // Remove the old Current item.
        currentItems[0].Delete();
    }
    
    SPListItem currentItem = designGallery.AddItem();
    
    currentItem["Name"] = SPResource.GetString(CultureInfo.CurrentUICulture, Strings.DesignGalleryCurrentItemName);
    currentItem["Title"] = SPResource.GetString(CultureInfo.CurrentUICulture, Strings.DesignGalleryCurrentItemName);
    
    // Change this line if you want to specify a different master page.
    currentItem["MasterPageUrl"] = Web.MasterUrl;
    
    // Replace with the path to your SPColor file.
    currentItem["ThemeUrl"] = "path to .spcolor file";
    
    // Delete the following line if you do not have a background image. Otherwise, replace with the path to
    // the background image.
    currentItem["ImageUrl"] = "path to background image"; 
    
    // Replace with the path to your SPFont file. Or, you can delete this line if you want to use
    // the default font scheme of the selected master page.
    currentItem["FontSchemeUrl"] = "path to .spfont file"; 
    
    currentItem["DisplayOrder"] = 0;
    currentItem.Update();
    
    

Date

Description

May 07, 2013

Reorganized Design Manager articles into a new content structure under the Develop the Site Design in SharePoint 2013 section. Moved or consolidated some articles.

February 19, 2013

Added links to Understanding Fonts in SharePoint Server 2013 and Understanding Color Palettes in SharePoint Server 2013.

January 22, 2013

Initial publication

Did you find this helpful?
(1500 characters remaining)
Thank you for your feedback

Community Additions

ADD
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft. All rights reserved.