SALES: 1-800-867-1380
Information
The topic you requested is included in another documentation set. For convenience, it's displayed below. Choose Switch to see the topic in its original location.

DrawListViewColumnHeaderEventArgs Class

Provides data for the ListView.DrawColumnHeader event.

System.Object
  System.EventArgs
    System.Windows.Forms.DrawListViewColumnHeaderEventArgs

Namespace:  System.Windows.Forms
Assembly:  System.Windows.Forms (in System.Windows.Forms.dll)

public class DrawListViewColumnHeaderEventArgs : EventArgs

The DrawListViewColumnHeaderEventArgs type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public methodDrawListViewColumnHeaderEventArgsInitializes a new instance of the DrawListViewColumnHeaderEventArgs class.
Top

  NameDescription
Public propertyBackColorGets the background color of the header.
Public propertyBoundsGets the size and location of the column header to draw.
Public propertyColumnIndexGets the index of the ColumnHeader representing the header to draw.
Public propertyDrawDefaultGets or sets a value indicating whether the column header should be drawn by the operating system instead of owner-drawn.
Public propertyFontGets the font used to draw the column header text.
Public propertyForeColorGets the foreground color of the header.
Public propertyGraphicsGets the Graphics used to draw the column header.
Public propertyHeaderGets the ColumnHeader representing the column header to draw.
Public propertyStateGets the current state of the column header.
Top

  NameDescription
Public methodDrawBackgroundDraws the background of the column header.
Public methodDrawText()Draws the column header text using the default formatting.
Public methodDrawText(TextFormatFlags)Draws the column header text, formatting it with the specified TextFormatFlags values.
Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Top

The ListView.DrawColumnHeader event lets you customize (or owner-draw) the appearance of a ListView control in the details view.

The ListView.DrawColumnHeader event is raised by a ListView control when its ListView.OwnerDraw property is set to true and its View property is set to Details. The DrawListViewColumnHeaderEventArgs passed to the event handler contains information about the ColumnHeader to draw and also provides methods to help you draw the header.

Use the Header property to retrieve information about the column header to draw. Use the Graphics property to do the actual drawing within the area specified by the Bounds property. To draw standard ListView elements that do not need customization, use the DrawBackground and DrawText methods.

Use the DrawDefault property when you want the operating system to draw the subitem. This is useful when you want to customize only specific headers.

NoteNote

To avoid issues with graphics flickering when owner drawing, override the ListView control and set the DoubleBuffered property to true. This feature is available only on Windows XP and the Windows Server 2003 family when your application calls the Application.EnableVisualStyles method.

The following code example demonstrates how to provide custom drawing for a ListView control. The ListView control in the example has a gradient background. Subitems with negative values have a red foreground and a black background.

A handler for the ListView.DrawItem event draws the background for entire items. A handler for the ListView.DrawSubItem event draws the text values and both the text and background for subitems that have negative values. A handler for the DrawColumnHeader event draws each column header.

A ContextMenu component provides a way to switch between the details view and the list view. In the list view, only the ListView.DrawItem event is fired. In this case, the text and background are both drawn in the ListView.DrawItem event handler.

using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Drawing.Drawing2D;
using System.Globalization;
using System.Windows.Forms;

public class ListViewOwnerDraw : Form
{
    private ListView listView1 = new ListView();
    private ContextMenu contextMenu1 = new ContextMenu();

    public ListViewOwnerDraw()
    {
        // Initialize the ListView control.
        listView1.BackColor = Color.Black;
        listView1.ForeColor = Color.White;
        listView1.Dock = DockStyle.Fill;
        listView1.View = View.Details;
        listView1.FullRowSelect = true;

        // Add columns to the ListView control.
        listView1.Columns.Add("Name", 100, HorizontalAlignment.Center);
        listView1.Columns.Add("First", 100, HorizontalAlignment.Center);
        listView1.Columns.Add("Second", 100, HorizontalAlignment.Center);
        listView1.Columns.Add("Third", 100, HorizontalAlignment.Center);

        // Create items and add them to the ListView control.
        ListViewItem listViewItem1 = new ListViewItem(new string[] { "One", "20", "30", "-40" }, -1);
        ListViewItem listViewItem2 = new ListViewItem(new string[] { "Two", "-250", "145", "37" }, -1);
        ListViewItem listViewItem3 = new ListViewItem(new string[] { "Three", "200", "800", "-1,001" }, -1);
        ListViewItem listViewItem4 = new ListViewItem(new string[] { "Four", "not available", "-2", "100" }, -1);
        listView1.Items.AddRange(new ListViewItem[] { listViewItem1, listViewItem2, listViewItem3, listViewItem4 });

        // Initialize the shortcut menu and  
        // assign it to the ListView control.
        contextMenu1.MenuItems.Add("List",
            new EventHandler(menuItemList_Click));
        contextMenu1.MenuItems.Add("Details",
            new EventHandler(menuItemDetails_Click));
        listView1.ContextMenu = contextMenu1;

        // Configure the ListView control for owner-draw and add  
        // handlers for the owner-draw events.
        listView1.OwnerDraw = true;
        listView1.DrawItem += new
            DrawListViewItemEventHandler(listView1_DrawItem);
        listView1.DrawSubItem += new
            DrawListViewSubItemEventHandler(listView1_DrawSubItem);
        listView1.DrawColumnHeader += new
            DrawListViewColumnHeaderEventHandler(listView1_DrawColumnHeader);

        // Add a handler for the MouseUp event so an item can be  
        // selected by clicking anywhere along its width.
        listView1.MouseUp += new MouseEventHandler(listView1_MouseUp);

        // Add handlers for various events to compensate for an  
        // extra DrawItem event that occurs the first time the mouse  
        // moves over each row. 
        listView1.MouseMove += new MouseEventHandler(listView1_MouseMove);
        listView1.ColumnWidthChanged += new ColumnWidthChangedEventHandler(listView1_ColumnWidthChanged);
        listView1.Invalidated += new InvalidateEventHandler(listView1_Invalidated);

        // Initialize the form and add the ListView control to it. 
        this.ClientSize = new Size(450, 150);
        this.FormBorderStyle = FormBorderStyle.FixedSingle;
        this.MaximizeBox = false;
        this.Text = "ListView OwnerDraw Example";
        this.Controls.Add(listView1);
    }

    // Clean up any resources being used.         
    protected override void Dispose(bool disposing)
    {
        if (disposing)
        {
            contextMenu1.Dispose();
        }
        base.Dispose(disposing);
    }

    [STAThread]
    static void Main()
    {
        Application.EnableVisualStyles();
        Application.Run(new ListViewOwnerDraw());
    }

    // Sets the ListView control to the List view. 
    private void menuItemList_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        listView1.View = View.List;
        listView1.Invalidate();
    }

    // Sets the ListView control to the Details view. 
    private void menuItemDetails_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        listView1.View = View.Details;

        // Reset the tag on each item to re-enable the workaround in 
        // the MouseMove event handler. 
        foreach (ListViewItem item in listView1.Items)
        {
            item.Tag = null;
        }
    }

    // Selects and focuses an item when it is clicked anywhere along  
    // its width. The click must normally be on the parent item text. 
    private void listView1_MouseUp(object sender, MouseEventArgs e)
    {
        ListViewItem clickedItem = listView1.GetItemAt(5, e.Y);
        if (clickedItem != null)
        {
            clickedItem.Selected = true;
            clickedItem.Focused = true;
        }
    }

    // Draws the backgrounds for entire ListView items. 
    private void listView1_DrawItem(object sender,
        DrawListViewItemEventArgs e)
    {
        if ((e.State & ListViewItemStates.Selected) != 0)
        {
            // Draw the background and focus rectangle for a selected item.
            e.Graphics.FillRectangle(Brushes.Maroon, e.Bounds);
            e.DrawFocusRectangle();
        }
        else
        {
            // Draw the background for an unselected item. 
            using (LinearGradientBrush brush =
                new LinearGradientBrush(e.Bounds, Color.Orange,
                Color.Maroon, LinearGradientMode.Horizontal))
            {
                e.Graphics.FillRectangle(brush, e.Bounds);
            }
        }

        // Draw the item text for views other than the Details view. 
        if (listView1.View != View.Details)
        {
            e.DrawText();
        }
    }

    // Draws subitem text and applies content-based formatting. 
    private void listView1_DrawSubItem(object sender,
        DrawListViewSubItemEventArgs e)
    {
        TextFormatFlags flags = TextFormatFlags.Left;

        using (StringFormat sf = new StringFormat())
        {
            // Store the column text alignment, letting it default 
            // to Left if it has not been set to Center or Right. 
            switch (e.Header.TextAlign)
            {
                case HorizontalAlignment.Center:
                    sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Center;
                    flags = TextFormatFlags.HorizontalCenter;
                    break;
                case HorizontalAlignment.Right:
                    sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Far;
                    flags = TextFormatFlags.Right;
                    break;
            }

            // Draw the text and background for a subitem with a  
            // negative value.  
            double subItemValue;
            if (e.ColumnIndex > 0 && Double.TryParse(
                e.SubItem.Text, NumberStyles.Currency,
                NumberFormatInfo.CurrentInfo, out subItemValue) &&
                subItemValue < 0)
            {
                // Unless the item is selected, draw the standard  
                // background to make it stand out from the gradient. 
                if ((e.ItemState & ListViewItemStates.Selected) == 0)
                {
                    e.DrawBackground();
                }

                // Draw the subitem text in red to highlight it. 
                e.Graphics.DrawString(e.SubItem.Text,
                    listView1.Font, Brushes.Red, e.Bounds, sf);

                return;
            }

            // Draw normal text for a subitem with a nonnegative  
            // or nonnumerical value.
            e.DrawText(flags);
        }
    }

    // Draws column headers. 
    private void listView1_DrawColumnHeader(object sender,
        DrawListViewColumnHeaderEventArgs e)
    {
        using (StringFormat sf = new StringFormat())
        {
            // Store the column text alignment, letting it default 
            // to Left if it has not been set to Center or Right. 
            switch (e.Header.TextAlign)
            {
                case HorizontalAlignment.Center:
                    sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Center;
                    break;
                case HorizontalAlignment.Right:
                    sf.Alignment = StringAlignment.Far;
                    break;
            }

            // Draw the standard header background.
            e.DrawBackground();

            // Draw the header text. 
            using (Font headerFont =
                        new Font("Helvetica", 10, FontStyle.Bold))
            {
                e.Graphics.DrawString(e.Header.Text, headerFont,
                    Brushes.Black, e.Bounds, sf);
            }
        }
        return;
    }

    // Forces each row to repaint itself the first time the mouse moves over  
    // it, compensating for an extra DrawItem event sent by the wrapped  
    // Win32 control. This issue occurs each time the ListView is invalidated. 
    private void listView1_MouseMove(object sender, MouseEventArgs e)
    {
        ListViewItem item = listView1.GetItemAt(e.X, e.Y);
        if (item != null && item.Tag == null)
        {
            listView1.Invalidate(item.Bounds);
            item.Tag = "tagged";
        }
    }

    // Resets the item tags.  
    void listView1_Invalidated(object sender, InvalidateEventArgs e)
    {
        foreach (ListViewItem item in listView1.Items)
        {
            if (item == null) return;
            item.Tag = null;
        }
    }

    // Forces the entire control to repaint if a column width is changed. 
    void listView1_ColumnWidthChanged(object sender, 
        ColumnWidthChangedEventArgs e)
    {
        listView1.Invalidate();
    }

}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
Was this page helpful?
(1500 characters remaining)
Thank you for your feedback
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft