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AsyncCompletedEventArgs.UserState Property

Gets the unique identifier for the asynchronous task.

Namespace:  System.ComponentModel
Assemblies:   System (in System.dll)
  System.ComponentModel.EventBasedAsync (in System.ComponentModel.EventBasedAsync.dll)

public Object UserState { get; }

Property Value

Type: System.Object
An object reference that uniquely identifies the asynchronous task; otherwise, null if no value has been set.

If a class supports multiple asynchronous methods, or multiple invocations of a single method, you can determine which task raised the MethodNameCompleted event by checking the value of the UserState property. Your code will need track these tokens, known as task IDs, as their corresponding asynchronous tasks start and complete.

The value of this property is set during the original call to the asynchronous method that started the task.

The following code example demonstrates using an AsyncOperation to track the lifetime of asynchronous operations. This code example is part of a larger example provided for the System.ComponentModel.AsyncOperationManager class.

using System;
using System.Collections;
using System.Collections.Specialized;
using System.ComponentModel;
using System.Data;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Globalization;
using System.Threading;
using System.Windows.Forms;


...


// This event handler updates the ListView control when the 
// PrimeNumberCalculator raises the CalculatePrimeCompleted 
// event. The ListView item is updated with the appropriate 
// outcome of the calculation: Canceled, Error, or result. 
private void primeNumberCalculator1_CalculatePrimeCompleted(
    object sender, 
    CalculatePrimeCompletedEventArgs e)
{
    Guid taskId = (Guid)e.UserState;

    if (e.Cancelled)
    {   
        string result = "Canceled";

        ListViewItem lvi = UpdateListViewItem(taskId, result);

        if (lvi != null)
        {
            lvi.BackColor = Color.Pink;
            lvi.Tag = null;
        }
    }
    else if (e.Error != null)
    {
        string result = "Error";

        ListViewItem lvi = UpdateListViewItem(taskId, result);

        if (lvi != null)
        {
            lvi.BackColor = Color.Red;
            lvi.ForeColor = Color.White;
            lvi.Tag = null;
        }
    }
    else
    {   
        bool result = e.IsPrime;

        ListViewItem lvi = UpdateListViewItem(
            taskId, 
            result, 
            e.FirstDivisor);

        if (lvi != null)
        {
            lvi.BackColor = Color.LightGray;
            lvi.Tag = null;
        }
    }
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.3, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

.NET for Windows Store apps

Supported in: Windows 8

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1

Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1

Supported in: Windows Phone Silverlight 8

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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