Publication

A publication is represented as a unique open handle within the driver. Active publications must have both a type and a data buffer. The type is set by opening a file name in the “Pubs” namespace. The data buffer is set by sending IOCTL_NFP_SET_PAYLOAD.

A callback on attempted transmission is given through a completed IOCTL_NFP_GET_NEXT_TRANSMITTED_MESSAGE.

A publication can be temporarily disabled via an IOCTL_NFP_DISABLE.

A publication can be re-enabled via an IOCTL_NFP_ENABLE.

Handles

A client that wants to publish a message will first open a new handle to the driver. Handles from prior publications, subscriptions, and so on, cannot be reused. If they are no longer needed, they will be closed by a well-behaved client.

The client will open a file handle in the “Pubs/<Protocol>.<SubType>” device-relative namespace. The following is a complete example.

\\?\root#ContosoProx#0000#{FB3842CD-9E2A-4F83-8FCC-4B0761139AE9}\Pubs\Windows.windows.com/SD
<---------------Device Interface Symbolic Link-----------------> <------File Name---------->
    <--------------------><------------------------------------> <--> <-----> <------------>
          DeviceID          NearFieldProximity Interface Class     *  Protocol   SubType

After opening the handle, a client should then set the payload of the message to be published with the IOCTL_NFP_SET_PAYLOAD.

There is no facility to read back the specified file name (the publication type).

File Name

In a driver’s CreateFile handler, the Device Interface SymbolicLink will be stripped away and only the device-relative File Name will remain. This File Name will be a null-terminated case-sensitive UTF-16LE string buffer that indicates the type of the publication (or subscription). The maximum size of this buffer is 502 characters including the NULL terminator. The driver must parse this path into three constituent components: “Pubs\”, protocol, and subtype.

Required Actions

  • The driver MUST parse the protocol component (before the first ‘.’). Any unrecognized protocol MUST complete with STATUS_OBJECT_PATH_NOT_FOUND
  • If the string is not NULL-terminated within the buffer length, the driver MUST complete the IOCTL with STATUS_INVALID_PARAMETER.
  • If the protocol requires a subtype and the subtype component of the string buffer is less than one (1) character or longer than 250 characters, the driver MUST complete the IOCTL with STATUS_INVALID_PARAMETER.
  • If the protocol component of the string buffer is longer than 250 characters, the driver MUST complete the IOCTL with STATUS_INVALID_PARAMETER.
  • The driver MUST interpret the first NULL as the end of the string.
  • The driver MAY recognize the “Pairing:Bluetooth” type for publications. The driver MAY recognize this type in order to preserve compatibility. (Note the use of a colon rather than the use of a period.)
  • The driver MUST recognize the “WindowsUri” type.
  • The driver MUST recognize the “DeviceArrived” type for subscriptions only.
  • The driver MUST recognize the “DeviceDeparted” type for subscriptions only.
  • The driver MUST recognize the “WindowsMime” type for subscriptions only.
  • The driver MUST recognize the “WindowsMime.” type.
  • If the protocol should only be recognized for subscriptions, and the IOCTL specifies “Pubs\”, the driver MUST complete the IOCTL with STATUS_OBJECT_PATH_NOT_FOUND.
  • If the protocol should only be recognized for publications, and the IOCTL specifies “Subs\”, the driver MUST complete the IOCTL with STATUS_OBJECT_PATH_NOT_FOUND.
  • Two open handles to the same type MUST represent two distinct entities.
  • Some protocols (namespaces) are reserved. Unless explicitly specified in this document, the driver MUST NOT recognize any protocols that begin with:
    "Windows”
    "Device”
    "Pairing”
    "NDEF”
    "NFC”
    "Iso14443Dep”
    "Iso14443TypeA”
    "Iso14443TypeB”
    "Iso15693Vicinity”
    "MifareClassic”
    "MifareUltralight”
    "FeliCa”

Unpublish

When a client no longer wants a message published, it will close the publication handle. This indicates the message should no longer be transmitted. If a client process terminates, the system will close all open file handles on behalf of the client.

Required Actions

  • When the handle is closed (IRP_MJ_CLOSE), the driver:
    MUST reclaim all memory used by the publication (both type and message data) except for buffers for ongoing transmissions of this publication.
    MUST NOT transmit the message if a device becomes proximate in the future.
    MUST NOT interrupt any in-progress transmission of the publication.
  • The driver MAY ignore IRP_MJ_CLEANUP.

The driver should assume that if the client publishes a message twice, it is because the client wants the message transmitted twice when a device is in proximity.

Required Actions

The driver MUST accept and transmit duplicate published messages, even if published by the same client.

 

 

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