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MmAllocateNodePagesForMdlEx routine

The MmAllocateNodePagesForMdlEx routine allocates nonpaged physical memory from an ideal node, and allocates an MDL structure to describe this memory.

Syntax


PMDL MmAllocateNodePagesForMdlEx(
  _In_  PHYSICAL_ADDRESS LowAddress,
  _In_  PHYSICAL_ADDRESS HighAddress,
  _In_  PHYSICAL_ADDRESS SkipBytes,
  _In_  SIZE_T TotalBytes,
  _In_  MEMORY_CACHING_TYPE CacheType,
  _In_  ULONG IdealNode,
  _In_  ULONG Flags
);

Parameters

LowAddress [in]

The physical address of the start of the first address range from which the allocated pages can come. If MmAllocateNodePagesForMdlEx cannot allocate the requested number of bytes in the first address range, the routine iterates through additional address ranges to get more pages. At each iteration, MmAllocateNodePagesForMdlEx adds the value of SkipBytes to the previous start address to calculate the start of the next address range.

HighAddress [in]

The physical address of the end of the first address range that the allocated pages can come from.

SkipBytes [in]

The number of bytes to skip from the start of the previous address range that the allocated pages can come from. SkipBytes must be an integer multiple of the virtual memory page size, in bytes.

TotalBytes [in]

The total number of bytes to allocate for the MDL.

CacheType [in]

A MEMORY_CACHING_TYPE value, which indicates the type of caching that is allowed for the requested memory.

IdealNode [in]

The ideal node number. If a multiprocessor system contains N nodes, valid node numbers are in the range 0 to N-1. Your driver can call the KeQueryHighestNodeNumber routine to get the highest node number. A single-processor or non-NUMA multiprocessor system has only one node, node 0, from which to allocate memory. For a NUMA multiprocessor system, the allocation is made from the ideal node, if possible. If insufficient memory is available in the ideal node to satisfy the allocation request, and the caller does not set the MM_ALLOCATE_FROM_LOCAL_NODE_ONLY flag, MmAllocateNodePagesForMdlEx will try to allocate memory from other nodes.

Flags [in]

Flags for this operation. Set this parameter to zero or to the bitwise-OR of one or more of the following flag bits:

  • MM_DONT_ZERO_ALLOCATION

  • MM_ALLOCATE_FROM_LOCAL_NODE_ONLY

  • MM_ALLOCATE_FULLY_REQUIRED

  • MM_ALLOCATE_NO_WAIT

  • MM_ALLOCATE_PREFER_CONTIGUOUS

  • MM_ALLOCATE_REQUIRE_CONTIGUOUS_CHUNKS

The MM_ALLOCATE_PREFER_CONTIGUOUS and MM_ALLOCATE_REQUIRE_CONTIGUOUS_CHUNKS flag bits are mutually exclusive. For more information about these flags, see MM_ALLOCATE_XXX.

Return value

MmAllocateNodePagesForMdlEx returns a pointer to an MDL structure if it is successful. Otherwise, if the routine fails to allocate any memory, the routine returns NULL.

A return value of NULL indicates that no physical memory pages are available in the specified address ranges, or that there is not enough memory pool available to allocate the MDL structure.

If the routine successfully allocates some, but not all, of the requested memory, the MDL describes as much physical memory as the routine was able to allocate.

Remarks

In a non-uniform memory access (NUMA) multiprocessor system, the caller can specify an ideal node from which to allocate the memory. A node is a collection of processors that share fast access to a region of memory. In a non-NUMA multiprocessor or a single-processor system, MmAllocateNodePagesForMdlEx treats all memory as belonging to a single node and allocates memory from this node.

By default, the physical memory pages that MmAllocateNodePagesForMdlEx returns are not contiguous pages. Callers can override the default behavior of this routine by setting the MM_ALLOCATE_PREFER_CONTIGUOUS or MM_ALLOCATE_REQUIRE_CONTIGUOUS_CHUNKS flag bit in the Flags parameter.

MmAllocateNodePagesForMdlEx does not map the allocated physical memory into virtual memory. If necessary, the caller can call a routine such as MmMapLockedPagesSpecifyCache to map the physical memory pages described by the MDL.

MmAllocateNodePagesForMdlEx is designed for kernel-mode drivers that do not need corresponding virtual addresses (that is, they need physical pages and do not need them to be physically contiguous), and for kernel-mode drivers that can achieve substantial performance gains if physical memory for a device is allocated in a specific physical address range (for example, an AGP graphics card).

Depending on how much physical memory is currently available in the requested ranges, MmAllocateNodePagesForMdlEx might return an MDL that describes less memory than was requested. The routine also might return NULL if no memory was allocated. The caller should check the amount of memory that is actually allocated, as described by the MDL.

The caller must use MmFreePagesFromMdl to release the memory pages that are described by an MDL that was created by MmAllocateNodePagesForMdlEx. After calling MmFreePagesFromMdl, the caller must also call ExFreePool to release the memory allocated for the MDL structure.

By default, MmAllocateNodePagesForMdlEx fills the pages that it allocates with zeros. The caller can specify the MM_DONT_ZERO_ALLOCATION flag to override this default and to possibly improve performance.

Note   Memory that MmAllocateNodePagesForMdlEx allocates is uninitialized if you specify the MM_DONT_ZERO_ALLOCATION flag. A kernel-mode driver must first zero this memory if the driver is going to make the memory visible to user-mode software (to avoid leaking potentially privileged contents). For more information about this flag, see MM_ALLOCATE_XXX.

The maximum amount of memory that MmAllocateNodePagesForMdlEx can allocate in a single call is (4 gigabytes - PAGE_SIZE). The routine can satisfy an allocation request for this amount only if enough pages are available.

MmAllocateNodePagesForMdlEx runs at IRQL <= APC_LEVEL. If necessary, your driver can call MmAllocateNodePagesForMdlEx at DISPATCH_LEVEL. However, you can improve driver performance by calling at APC_LEVEL or below.

Requirements

Version

Available starting with Windows 8.

Header

Wdm.h (include Wdm.h, Ntddk.h, or Ntifs.h)

Library

Ntoskrnl.lib

IRQL

<= DISPATCH_LEVEL (See Remarks section.)

See also

ExFreePool
KeQueryHighestNodeNumber
MDL
MEMORY_CACHING_TYPE
MM_ALLOCATE_XXX
MmFreePagesFromMdl
MmMapLockedPagesSpecifyCache

 

 

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