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CreateDialogIndirect function

Creates a modeless dialog box from a dialog box template in memory. The CreateDialogIndirect macro uses the CreateDialogIndirectParam function.

Syntax


HWND WINAPI CreateDialogIndirect(
  _In_opt_  HINSTANCE hInstance,
  _In_      LPCDLGTEMPLATE lpTemplate,
  _In_opt_  HWND hWndParent,
  _In_opt_  DLGPROC lpDialogFunc
);

Parameters

hInstance [in, optional]

Type: HINSTANCE

A handle to the module that creates the dialog box.

lpTemplate [in]

Type: LPCDLGTEMPLATE

A template that CreateDialogIndirect uses to create the dialog box. A dialog box template consists of a header that describes the dialog box, followed by one or more additional blocks of data that describe each of the controls in the dialog box. The template can use either the standard format or the extended format.

In a standard template, the header is a DLGTEMPLATE structure followed by additional variable-length arrays. The data for each control consists of a DLGITEMTEMPLATE structure followed by additional variable-length arrays.

In an extended dialog box template, the header uses the DLGTEMPLATEEX format and the control definitions use the DLGITEMTEMPLATEEX format.

After CreateDialogIndirect returns, you can free the template, which is only used to get the dialog box started.

hWndParent [in, optional]

Type: HWND

A handle to the window that owns the dialog box.

lpDialogFunc [in, optional]

Type: DLGPROC

A pointer to the dialog box procedure. For more information about the dialog box procedure, see DialogProc.

Return value

Type: HWND

If the function succeeds, the return value is the window handle to the dialog box.

If the function fails, the return value is NULL. To get extended error information, call GetLastError.

Remarks

The CreateDialogIndirect macro uses the CreateWindowEx function to create the dialog box. CreateDialogIndirect then sends a WM_INITDIALOG message to the dialog box procedure. If the template specifies the DS_SETFONT or DS_SHELLFONT style, the function also sends a WM_SETFONT message to the dialog box procedure. The function displays the dialog box if the template specifies the WS_VISIBLE style. Finally, CreateDialogIndirect returns the window handle to the dialog box.

After CreateDialogIndirect returns, you can use the ShowWindow function to display the dialog box (if it is not already visible). To destroy the dialog box, use the DestroyWindow function. To support keyboard navigation and other dialog box functionality, the message loop for the dialog box must call the IsDialogMessage function.

In a standard dialog box template, the DLGTEMPLATE structure and each of the DLGITEMTEMPLATE structures must be aligned on DWORD boundaries. The creation data array that follows a DLGITEMTEMPLATE structure must also be aligned on a DWORD boundary. All of the other variable-length arrays in the template must be aligned on WORD boundaries.

In an extended dialog box template, the DLGTEMPLATEEX header and each of the DLGITEMTEMPLATEEX control definitions must be aligned on DWORD boundaries. The creation data array, if any, that follows a DLGITEMTEMPLATEEX structure must also be aligned on a DWORD boundary. All of the other variable-length arrays in the template must be aligned on WORD boundaries.

All character strings in the dialog box template, such as titles for the dialog box and buttons, must be Unicode strings. Use the MultiByteToWideChar function to generate Unicode strings from ANSI strings.

Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows 2000 Professional [desktop apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows 2000 Server [desktop apps only]

Header

Winuser.h (include Windows.h)

Library

User32.lib

DLL

User32.dll

Unicode and ANSI names

CreateDialogIndirectW (Unicode) and CreateDialogIndirectA (ANSI)

See also

Reference
CreateDialog
CreateDialogIndirectParam
CreateDialogParam
CreateWindowEx
DestroyWindow
DialogProc
DLGITEMTEMPLATE
DLGITEMTEMPLATEEX
DLGTEMPLATE
DLGTEMPLATEEX
IsDialogMessage
ShowWindow
WM_INITDIALOG
WM_SETFONT
Conceptual
Dialog Boxes
Other Resources
MultiByteToWideChar

 

 

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