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Setting the Backup and Restore Privileges

To successfully call the Certificate Services backup and restore API, the caller's token must include the backup and restore privileges. These privileges can be programmatically set, and the following example can be used to set or remove these privileges. The backup and restore privileges are required of all backup and restore applications, not merely Certificate Services backup and restore. For information about the security implications of modifying privileges, see Running with Special Privileges.


// The following example can be used to enable or disable the
// backup privilege. By making the indicated substitutions, you can
// also use this example to enable or disable the restore privilege 
// Use the following statement to enable the privilege:
//   hr = ModifyPrivilege(SE_BACKUP_NAME, TRUE);
// Use the following statement to disable the privilege:
//   hr = ModifyPrivilege(SE_BACKUP_NAME, FALSE);
// Use SE_RESTORE_NAME for the restore privilege.
// The main function in this example enables the backup privilege.
#pragma comment(lib, "crypt32.lib")

#include <windows.h>
#include <stdio.h>


HRESULT ModifyPrivilege(
    IN LPCTSTR szPrivilege,
    IN BOOL fEnable)
{
    HRESULT hr = S_OK;
    TOKEN_PRIVILEGES NewState;
    LUID             luid;
    HANDLE hToken    = NULL;

    // Open the process token for this process.
    if (!OpenProcessToken(GetCurrentProcess(),
                          TOKEN_ADJUST_PRIVILEGES | TOKEN_QUERY,
                          &hToken ))
    {
        printf("Failed OpenProcessToken\n");
        return ERROR_FUNCTION_FAILED;
    }

    // Get the local unique ID for the privilege.
    if ( !LookupPrivilegeValue( NULL,
                                szPrivilege,
                                &luid ))
    {
        CloseHandle( hToken );
        printf("Failed LookupPrivilegeValue\n");
        return ERROR_FUNCTION_FAILED;
    }

    // Assign values to the TOKEN_PRIVILEGE structure.
    NewState.PrivilegeCount = 1;
    NewState.Privileges[0].Luid = luid;
    NewState.Privileges[0].Attributes = 
              (fEnable ? SE_PRIVILEGE_ENABLED : 0);

    // Adjust the token privilege.
    if (!AdjustTokenPrivileges(hToken,
                               FALSE,
                               &NewState,
                               0,
                               NULL,
                               NULL))
    {
        printf("Failed AdjustTokenPrivileges\n");
        hr = ERROR_FUNCTION_FAILED;
    }

    // Close the handle.
    CloseHandle(hToken);

    return hr;
}

void main(void)
{
    HRESULT hr;

    hr = ModifyPrivilege(SE_BACKUP_NAME, TRUE);

    if (!SUCCEEDED(hr))
        printf("\nFailed to modify privilege.\n");
    else
        printf("\nSuccessfully modified privilege.\n");
}



 

 

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