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GridViewSelectEventHandler, délégué

Représente la méthode qui gère l'événement SelectedIndexChanging d'un contrôle GridView.

Espace de noms: System.Web.UI.WebControls
Assembly : System.Web (dans system.web.dll)

public delegate void GridViewSelectEventHandler (
	Object sender,
	GridViewSelectEventArgs e
)
/** @delegate */
public delegate void GridViewSelectEventHandler (
	Object sender, 
	GridViewSelectEventArgs e
)
Non applicable.

Paramètres

sender

Source de l'événement.

e

Objet GridViewSelectEventArgs qui contient les données d'événement.

L'événement SelectedIndexChanging est déclenché lorsqu'un utilisateur clique sur un bouton Sélectionner (bouton dont la propriété CommandName a la valeur « Select »), mais avant que le contrôle GridView ne gère l'opération de sélection. Cela vous permet de fournir une méthode de gestion d'événements qui exécute une routine personnalisée, par exemple l'annulation de l'opération de sélection, chaque fois que cet événement se produit.

Lorsque vous créez un délégué GridViewSelectEventHandler, vous spécifiez la méthode qui gérera l'événement. Pour associer l'événement à votre gestionnaire d'événements, ajoutez une instance du délégué à l'événement. Le gestionnaire d'événements est appelé chaque fois que l'événement se produit, sauf si vous supprimez le délégué. Pour plus d'informations sur les délégués de gestionnaires d'événements, consultez Événements et délégués.

L'exemple suivant montre comment ajouter par programme un délégué GridViewSelectEventHandler à l'événement SelectedIndexChanging d'un contrôle GridView.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

    void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        
        // Create a new GridView object.
        GridView authorGridView = new GridView();
         
        // Set the GridView object's properties.
        authorGridView.ID = "AuthorGridView";
        authorGridView.DataSourceID = "AuthorsSqlDataSource"; 
        authorGridView.AutoGenerateColumns = true;
        authorGridView.AutoGenerateSelectButton = true;
        authorGridView.AllowPaging = true; 
        authorGridView.SelectedIndex = 1;
        authorGridView.SelectedRowStyle.BackColor = System.Drawing.Color.LightCyan;
        authorGridView.SelectedRowStyle.ForeColor = System.Drawing.Color.DarkBlue;
        authorGridView.SelectedRowStyle.Font.Bold = true;
        
        // Programmatically register the event-handling methods.
        authorGridView.SelectedIndexChanged += new EventHandler(this.AuthorsGridView_SelectedIndexChanged);
        authorGridView.SelectedIndexChanging += new GridViewSelectEventHandler(this.AuthorsGridView_SelectedIndexChanging);
        
        // Add the GridView object to the Controls collection
        // of the PlaceHolder control.
        GridViewPlaceHolder.Controls.Add(authorGridView);
        
    }
    
    void AuthorsGridView_SelectedIndexChanged(Object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
    
        // Get the currently selected row using the SelectedRow property.
        GridView AuthorsGridView = (GridView)sender;
        GridViewRow row = AuthorsGridView.SelectedRow;
        
        // Display the author's name from the selected row.
        // In this example, the second and third columns contain
        // the author's last and first name, respectively.
        Message.Text = "You selected " + row.Cells[2].Text +
            " " + row.Cells[1].Text + ".";
    
    }
    
    void AuthorsGridView_SelectedIndexChanging(Object sender, GridViewSelectEventArgs e)
    {
        
        // Get the currently selected row. Because the SelectedIndexChanging event
        // occurs before the select operation in the GridView control, the
        // SelectedRow property cannot be used. Instead, use the Rows collection
        // and the NewSelectedIndex property of the e argument passed to this 
        // event handler.
        GridView AuthorsGridView = (GridView)sender;
        GridViewRow row = AuthorsGridView.Rows[e.NewSelectedIndex];
        
        // If the user selects an author with the last name White,
        // cancel the selection operation and display an error message.
        if(row.Cells[1].Text == "White")
        {
        
            e.Cancel = true;
            Message.Text = "You cannot select " + row.Cells[2].Text +
            " " + row.Cells[1].Text + ".";
        
        }
    
    }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
    <head runat="server">
    <title>GridViewSelectEventHandler Example</title>
</head>
<body>
        <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
            <h3>GridViewSelectEventHandler Example</h3>
            
            <asp:placeholder id="GridViewPlaceHolder"
                runat="Server"/>
            
            <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects -->
            <!-- to the Pubs sample database.                         -->
            <asp:sqldatasource id="AuthorsSqlDataSource"  
                selectcommand="SELECT [au_lname], [au_fname], [address], [city], [state], [zip], [contract] FROM [authors]"
                connectionstring="server=localhost;database=pubs;integrated security=SSPI"
                runat="server">
            </asp:sqldatasource>
            
            <br/>
            
            <asp:label id="Message"
                runat="server"/>
            
        </form>
    </body>
</html>


L'exemple suivant montre comment ajouter de façon déclarative un délégué GridViewSelectEventHandler à l'événement SelectedIndexChanging d'un contrôle GridView.


<%@ Page language="C#" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<script runat="server">

  void CustomersGridView_SelectedIndexChanged(Object sender, EventArgs e)
  {
    
    // Get the currently selected row using the SelectedRow property.
    GridViewRow row = CustomersGridView.SelectedRow;
        
    // Display the company name from the selected row.
    // In this example, the third column (index 2) contains
    // the company name.
    Message.Text = "You selected " + row.Cells[2].Text + ".";
    
  }

  void CustomersGridView_SelectedIndexChanging(Object sender, GridViewSelectEventArgs e)
  {
        
    // Get the currently selected row. Because the SelectedIndexChanging event
    // occurs before the select operation in the GridView control, the
    // SelectedRow property cannot be used. Instead, use the Rows collection
    // and the NewSelectedIndex property of the e argument passed to this 
    // event handler.
    GridViewRow row = CustomersGridView.Rows[e.NewSelectedIndex];

    // You can cancel the select operation by using the Cancel
    // property. For this example, if the user selects a customer with 
    // the ID "ANATR", the select operation is canceled and an error message
    // is displayed.
    if (row.Cells[1].Text == "ANATR")
    {
        
      e.Cancel = true;
      Message.Text = "You cannot select " + row.Cells[2].Text + ".";
        
    }
    
  }

</script>

<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
  <head runat="server">
    <title>GridView Select Example</title>
</head>
<body>
    <form id="form1" runat="server">
        
     <h3>GridView Select Example</h3>

     <asp:gridview id="CustomersGridView" 
       datasourceid="CustomersSource" 
       autogeneratecolumns="true"
       autogenerateselectbutton="true"
       allowpaging="true" 
       selectedindex="0"
       onselectedindexchanged="CustomersGridView_SelectedIndexChanged"
       onselectedindexchanging="CustomersGridView_SelectedIndexChanging"   
       runat="server">
                
       <selectedrowstyle backcolor="LightCyan"
         forecolor="DarkBlue"
         font-bold="true"/>  
                
     </asp:gridview>
            
      <br/>
            
      <asp:label id="Message"
        forecolor="Red"
        runat="server"/>
            
      <!-- This example uses Microsoft SQL Server and connects  -->
      <!-- to the Northwind sample database. Use an ASP.NET     -->
      <!-- expression to retrieve the connection string value   -->
      <!-- from the Web.config file.                            -->
      <asp:sqldatasource id="CustomersSource"
        selectcommand="Select [CustomerID], [CompanyName], [Address], [City], [PostalCode], [Country] From [Customers]"
        connectionstring="<%$ ConnectionStrings:NorthWindConnectionString%>" 
        runat="server"/>
            
    </form>
  </body>
</html>


Windows 98, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile pour Pocket PC, Windows Mobile pour Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Édition Media Center, Windows XP Professionnel Édition x64, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 est pris en charge sur Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2 et Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Prise en charge dans : 3.0, 2.0

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