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strxfrm, wcsxfrm, _strxfrm_l, _wcsxfrm_l

Transform a string based on locale-specific information.


size_t strxfrm(
   char *strDest,
   const char *strSource,
   size_t count 
);
size_t wcsxfrm(
   wchar_t *strDest,
   const wchar_t *strSource,
   size_t count 
);
size_t _strxfrm_l(
   char *strDest,
   const char *strSource,
   size_t count,
   _locale_t locale
);
size_t wcsxfrm(
   wchar_t *strDest,
   const wchar_t *strSource,
   size_t count,
   _locale_t locale
);

strDest

Destination string.

strSource

Source string.

count

Maximum number of characters to place in strDest.

locale

The locale to use.

Returns the length of the transformed string, not counting the terminating null character. If the return value is greater than or equal to count, the content of strDest is unpredictable. On an error, each function sets errno and returns INT_MAX. For an invalid character, errno is set to EILSEQ.

The strxfrm function transforms the string pointed to by strSource into a new collated form that is stored in strDest. No more than count characters, including the null character, are transformed and placed into the resulting string. The transformation is made using the locale's LC_COLLATE category setting. For more information on LC_COLLATE, see setlocale. strxfrm uses the current locale for its locale-dependent behavior; _strxfrm_l is identical except that it uses the locale passed in instead of the current locale. For more information, see Locale.

After the transformation, a call to strcmp with the two transformed strings yields results identical to those of a call to strcoll applied to the original two strings. As with strcoll and stricoll, strxfrm automatically handles multibyte-character strings as appropriate.

wcsxfrm is a wide-character version of strxfrm; the string arguments of wcsxfrm are wide-character pointers. For wcsxfrm, after the string transformation, a call to wcscmp with the two transformed strings yields results identical to those of a call to wcscoll applied to the original two strings. wcsxfrm and strxfrm behave identically otherwise. wcsxfrm uses the current locale for its locale-dependent behavior; _wcsxfrm_l uses the locale passed in instead of the current locale.

These functions validate their parameters. If strSource is a null pointer, or strDest is a NULL pointer (unless count is zero), or if count is greater than INT_MAX, the invalid parameter handler is invoked, as described in Parameter Validation . If execution is allowed to continue, these functions set errno to EINVAL and return INT_MAX.

Generic-Text Routine Mappings

TCHAR.H routine

_UNICODE & _MBCS not defined

_MBCS defined

_UNICODE defined

_tcsxfrm

strxfrm

strxfrm

wcsxfrm

_tcsxfrm_l

_strxfrm_l

_strxfrm_l

_wcsxfrm_l

In the "C" locale, the order of the characters in the character set (ASCII character set) is the same as the lexicographic order of the characters. However, in other locales, the order of characters in the character set may differ from the lexicographic character order. For example, in certain European locales, the character 'a' (value 0x61) precedes the character 'ä' (value 0xE4) in the character set, but the character 'ä' precedes the character 'a' lexicographically.

In locales for which the character set and the lexicographic character order differ, use strxfrm on the original strings and then strcmp on the resulting strings to produce a lexicographic string comparison according to the current locale's LC_COLLATE category setting. Thus, to compare two strings lexicographically in the above locale, use strxfrm on the original strings, then strcmp on the resulting strings. Alternately, you can use strcoll rather than strcmp on the original strings.

The value of the following expression is the size of the array needed to hold the strxfrm transformation of the source string:

1 + strxfrm( NULL, string, 0 )

In the "C" locale only, strxfrm is equivalent to the following:

strncpy( _string1, _string2, _count );
return( strlen( _string1 ) );

Routine

Required header

strxfrm

<string.h>

wcsxfrm

<string.h> or <wchar.h>

_strxfrm_l

<string.h>

_wcsxfrm_l

<string.h> or <wchar.h>

For additional compatibility information, see Compatibility in the Introduction.

Not applicable. To call the standard C function, use PInvoke. For more information, see Platform Invoke Examples.

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