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Security Descriptor String Format

The Security Descriptor String Format is a text format for storing or transporting information in a security descriptor. The ConvertSecurityDescriptorToStringSecurityDescriptor and ConvertStringSecurityDescriptorToSecurityDescriptor functions use this format.

The format is a null-terminated string with tokens to indicate each of the four main components of a security descriptor: owner (O:), primary group (G:), DACL (D:), and SACL (S:).

Note  Access control entries (ACEs) and conditional ACEs have differing formats. For ACEs, see ACE Strings. For conditional ACEs, see Security Descriptor Definition Language for Conditional ACEs.



O:owner_sid
G:group_sid
D:dacl_flags(string_ace1)(string_ace2)... (string_acen)
S:sacl_flags(string_ace1)(string_ace2)... (string_acen)


owner_sid

A SID string that identifies the object's owner.

group_sid

A SID string that identifies the object's primary group.

dacl_flags

Security descriptor control flags that apply to the DACL. For a description of these control flags, see the SetSecurityDescriptorControl function. The dacl_flags string can be a concatenation of zero or more of the following strings.

ControlConstant in Sddl.hMeaning
"P" SDDL_PROTECTED The SE_DACL_PROTECTED flag is set.
"AR" SDDL_AUTO_INHERIT_REQ The SE_DACL_AUTO_INHERIT_REQ flag is set.
"AI" SDDL_AUTO_INHERITED The SE_DACL_AUTO_INHERITED flag is set.
"NO_ACCESS_CONTROL" SSDL_NULL_ACLThe ACL is null.

 

sacl_flags

Security descriptor control flags that apply to the SACL. The sacl_flags string uses the same control bit strings as the dacl_flags string.

string_ace

A string that describes an ACE in the security descriptor's DACL or SACL. For a description of the ACE string format, see ACE strings. Each ACE string is enclosed in parentheses (()).

Unneeded components can be omitted from the security descriptor string. For example, if the SE_DACL_PRESENT flag is not set in the input security descriptor, ConvertSecurityDescriptorToStringSecurityDescriptor does not include a D: component in the output string. You can also use the SECURITY_INFORMATION bit flags to indicate the components to include in a security descriptor string.

The security descriptor string format does not support NULL ACLs.

To denote an empty ACL, the security descriptor string includes the D: or S: token with no additional string information.

The security descriptor string stores the SECURITY DESCRIPTOR CONTROL bits in different ways. The SE_DACL_PRESENT or SE_SACL_PRESENT bits are indicated by the presence of the D: or S: token in the string. Other bits that apply to the DACL or SACL are stored in dacl_flags and sacl_flags. The SE_OWNER_DEFAULTED, SE_GROUP_DEFAULTED, SE_DACL_DEFAULTED, and SE_SACL_DEFAULTED bits are not stored in a security descriptor string. The SE_SELF_RELATIVE bit is not stored in the string, but ConvertStringSecurityDescriptorToSecurityDescriptor always sets this bit in the output security descriptor.

The following examples show security descriptor strings and the information in the associated security descriptors.

String 1:


"O:AOG:DAD:(A;;RPWPCCDCLCSWRCWDWOGA;;;S-1-0-0)"


Security Descriptor 1:


    Revision:  0x00000001
    Control:   0x0004
        SE_DACL_PRESENT
    Owner: (S-1-5-32-548)
    PrimaryGroup: (S-1-5-21-397955417-626881126-188441444-512)
DACL
    Revision: 0x02
    Size:     0x001c
    AceCount: 0x0001
    Ace[00]
        AceType:       0x00 (ACCESS_ALLOWED_ACE_TYPE)
        AceSize:       0x0014
        InheritFlags:  0x00
        Access Mask:   0x100e003f
                            READ_CONTROL
                            WRITE_DAC
                            WRITE_OWNER
                            GENERIC_ALL
                            Others(0x0000003f)
        Ace Sid      : (S-1-0-0)
SACL
    Not present


String 2:


"O:DAG:DAD:(A;;RPWPCCDCLCRCWOWDSDSW;;;SY)
(A;;RPWPCCDCLCRCWOWDSDSW;;;DA)
(OA;;CCDC;bf967aba-0de6-11d0-a285-00aa003049e2;;AO)
(OA;;CCDC;bf967a9c-0de6-11d0-a285-00aa003049e2;;AO)
(OA;;CCDC;6da8a4ff-0e52-11d0-a286-00aa003049e2;;AO)
(OA;;CCDC;bf967aa8-0de6-11d0-a285-00aa003049e2;;PO)
(A;;RPLCRC;;;AU)S:(AU;SAFA;WDWOSDWPCCDCSW;;;WD)"


Security Descriptor 2:


    Revision:  0x00000001
    Control:   0x0014
        SE_DACL_PRESENT
        SE_SACL_PRESENT
    Owner: (S-1-5-21-397955417-626881126-188441444-512)
    PrimaryGroup: (S-1-5-21-397955417-626881126-188441444-512)
DACL
    Revision: 0x04
    Size:     0x0104
    AceCount: 0x0007
    Ace[00]
        AceType:       0x00 (ACCESS_ALLOWED_ACE_TYPE)
        AceSize:       0x0014
        InheritFlags:  0x00
        Access Mask:   0x000f003f
                            DELETE
                            READ_CONTROL
                            WRITE_DAC
                            WRITE_OWNER
                            Others(0x0000003f)
        Ace Sid:       (S-1-5-18)
    Ace[01]
        AceType:       0x00 (ACCESS_ALLOWED_ACE_TYPE)
        AceSize:       0x0024
        InheritFlags:  0x00
        Access Mask:   0x000f003f
                            DELETE
                            READ_CONTROL
                            WRITE_DAC
                            WRITE_OWNER
                            Others(0x0000003f)
        Ace Sid:       (S-1-5-21-397955417-626881126-188441444-512)
    Ace[02]
        AceType:       0x05 (ACCESS_ALLOWED_OBJECT_ACE_TYPE)
        AceSize:       0x002c
        InheritFlags:  0x00
        Access Mask:   0x00000003
                            Others(0x00000003)
        Flags:         0x00000001, ACE_OBJECT_TYPE_PRESENT
        ObjectType:    GUID_C_USER
        InhObjectType: GUID ptr is NULL
        Ace Sid:       (S-1-5-32-548)
    Ace[03]
        AceType:       0x05 (ACCESS_ALLOWED_OBJECT_ACE_TYPE)
        AceSize:       0x002c
        InheritFlags:  0x00
        Access Mask:   0x00000003
                            Others(0x00000003)
        Flags:         0x00000001, ACE_OBJECT_TYPE_PRESENT
        ObjectType:    GUID_C_GROUP
        InhObjectType: GUID ptr is NULL
        Ace Sid:       (S-1-5-32-548)
    Ace[04]
        AceType:       0x05 (ACCESS_ALLOWED_OBJECT_ACE_TYPE)
        AceSize:       0x002c
        InheritFlags:  0x00
        Access Mask:   0x00000003
                            Others(0x00000003)
        Flags:         0x00000001, ACE_OBJECT_TYPE_PRESENT
        ObjectType:    GUID_C_LOCALGROUP
        InhObjectType: GUID ptr is NULL
        Ace Sid:       (S-1-5-32-548)
    Ace[05]
        AceType:       0x05 (ACCESS_ALLOWED_OBJECT_ACE_TYPE)
        AceSize:       0x002c
        InheritFlags:  0x00
        Access Mask:   0x00000003
                            Others(0x00000003)
        Flags:         0x00000001, ACE_OBJECT_TYPE_PRESENT
        ObjectType:    GUID_C_PRINT_QUEUE
        InhObjectType: GUID ptr is NULL
        Ace Sid:       (S-1-5-32-550)
    Ace[06]
        AceType:       0x00 (ACCESS_ALLOWED_ACE_TYPE)
        AceSize:       0x0014
        InheritFlags:  0x00
        Access Mask:   0x00020014
                            READ_CONTROL
                            Others(0x00000014)
        Ace Sid:       (S-1-5-11)
    SACL
        Revision: 0x02
        Size:     0x001c
        AceCount: 0x0001
        Ace[00]
            AceType:       0x02 (SYSTEM_AUDIT_ACE_TYPE)
            AceSize:       0x0014
            InheritFlags:  0xc0
                SUCCESSFUL_ACCESS_ACE_FLAG
                FAILED_ACCESS_ACE_FLAG
            Access Mask:    0x000d002b
                                DELETE
                                WRITE_DAC
                                WRITE_OWNER
                                Others(0x0000002b)
            Ace Sid:       (S-1-1-0)


Related topics

ACE Strings
Security Descriptor Definition Language for Conditional ACEs

 

 

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