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_bittestandcomplement, _bittestandcomplement64

Microsoft Specific

Generate the btc instruction, which examines bit b of the address a, returns its current value, and sets the bit to its complement.

unsigned char _bittestandcomplement(
   long *a,
   long b
);
unsigned char _bittestandcomplement64(
   __int64 *a,
   __int64 b
);

[in, out] a

A pointer to the memory to examine.

[in] b

The bit position to test.

The bit at the position specified.

Intrinsic

Architecture

_bittestandcomplement

x86, IPF, x64 

_bittestandcomplement64

IPF, x64

Header file <intrin.h>

On the IPF architecture, the btc instruction is not available, so this intrinsic is a custom function that imitates the behavior of btc. This custom function might be slower than a hand-written inline function because it includes overhead, such as handling the case where b is negative, that might be unnecessary in specific cases.

This routine is only available as an intrinsic.

// bittestandcomplement.cpp
// processor: x86, IPF, x64
#include <stdio.h>
#include <intrin.h>

#pragma intrinsic(_bittestandcomplement)
#ifdef _M_AMD64
#pragma intrinsic(_bittestandcomplement64)
#endif

int main()
{
   long i = 1;
   __int64 i64 = 0x1I64;
   unsigned char result;
   printf("Initial value: %d\n", i);
   printf("Testing bit 1\n");
   result = _bittestandcomplement(&i, 1);
   printf("Value changed to %d, Result: %d\n", i, result);
#ifdef _M_AMD64
   printf("Testing bit 0\n");
   result = _bittestandcomplement64(&i64, 0);
   printf("Value changed to %I64d, Result: %d\n", i64, result);
#endif
}

Initial value: 1
Testing bit 1
Value changed to 3, Result: 0
Testing bit 0
Value changed to 0, Result: 1

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