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_BitScanForward, _BitScanForward64

Microsoft Specific

Search the mask data from least significant bit (LSB) to the most significant bit (MSB) for a set bit (1).

unsigned char _BitScanForward(
   unsigned long * Index,
   unsigned long Mask
);
unsigned char _BitScanForward64(
   unsigned long * Index,
   unsigned __int64 Mask
);

[out] Index

Loaded with the bit position of the first set bit (1) found.

[in] Mask

The 32-bit or 64-bit value to search.

0 if the mask is zero; nonzero otherwise.

If a set bit is found, the bit position of the first set bit found is returned in the first parameter. If no set bit is found, 0 is returned; otherwise, 1 is returned.

Intrinsic

Architecture

_BitScanForward

x86, IPF, x64

_BitScanForward64

IPF, x64

Header file <intrin.h>

// BitScanForward.cpp
// compile with: /EHsc
#include <iostream>
#include <intrin.h>
using namespace std;

#pragma intrinsic(_BitScanForward)

int main()
{
   unsigned long mask = 0x1000;
   unsigned long index;
   unsigned char isNonzero;
   
   cout << "Enter a positive integer as the mask: " << flush;
   cin >> mask;
   isNonzero = _BitScanForward(&index, mask);
   if (isNonzero)
   {
      cout << "Mask: " << mask << " Index: " << index << endl;
   }
   else
   {
      cout << "No set bits found.  Mask is zero." << endl;
   }
}

Enter a positive integer as the mask: 
Mask: 12 Index: 2

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