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ScrollBarRenderer (Clase)

Proporciona métodos utilizados para representar un control de barra de desplazamiento con estilos visuales. Esta clase no se puede heredar.

Espacio de nombres: System.Windows.Forms
Ensamblado: System.Windows.Forms (en system.windows.forms.dll)

public sealed class ScrollBarRenderer
public final class ScrollBarRenderer
public final class ScrollBarRenderer
No aplicable.

La clase ScrollBarRenderer proporciona un conjunto de métodos static que se pueden utilizar para representar un control de barra de desplazamiento con el estilo visual actual del sistema operativo. Representar un control hace referencia a dibujar la interfaz de usuario de un control. Esto es útil si va a dibujar un control personalizado que debe tener el aspecto del estilo visual actual. Para dibujar una barra de desplazamiento, utilice una combinación de los métodos de esta clase para representar cada parte de la barra.

Si en el sistema operativo están habilitados los estilos visuales se aplican al área cliente de ventanas de aplicación, los métodos de esta clase dibujarán la barra de desplazamiento con el estilo visual actual. De lo contrario, los métodos de esta clase producirán una InvalidOperationException. Para determinar si pueden utilizarse los miembros de esta clase, puede comprobar el valor de la propiedad IsSupported.

Esta clase ajusta la funcionalidad de System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles.VisualStyleRenderer cuyo valor está establecido en uno de los elementos expuestos por la clase System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles.VisualStyleElement.ScrollBar. Para obtener más información, vea Representar controles con estilos visuales.

Nota de la plataforma Windows XP Home, Windows XP Professional x64, Windows Server 2003: Los estilos visuales sólo se admiten en estas plataformas.

El ejemplo de código siguiente muestra cómo crear un control personalizado que utiliza los métodos ScrollBarRenderer para dibujar una barra de desplazamiento que responde a los clics del mouse.

using System;
using System.Drawing;
using System.Windows.Forms;
using System.Windows.Forms.VisualStyles;

namespace ScrollBarRendererSample
{
    class Form1 : Form
    {
        public Form1()
            : base()
        {
            this.Size = new Size(500, 500);

            CustomScrollBar Bar1 = new CustomScrollBar();
            Bar1.Location = new Point(50, 100);
            Bar1.Size = new Size(200, 20);

            Controls.Add(Bar1);
        }

        [STAThread]
        static void Main()
        {
            // The call to EnableVisualStyles below does not affect whether 
            // ScrollBarRenderer.IsSupported is true; as long as visual styles 
            // are enabled by the operating system, IsSupported is true.
            Application.EnableVisualStyles();
            Application.Run(new Form1());
        }
    }

    public class CustomScrollBar : Control
    {
        private Rectangle clickedBarRectangle;
        private Rectangle thumbRectangle;
        private Rectangle leftArrowRectangle;
        private Rectangle rightArrowRectangle;
        private bool leftArrowClicked = false;
        private bool rightArrowClicked = false;
        private bool leftBarClicked = false;
        private bool rightBarClicked = false;
        private bool thumbClicked = false;
        private ScrollBarState thumbState = ScrollBarState.Normal;
        private ScrollBarArrowButtonState leftButtonState =
            ScrollBarArrowButtonState.LeftNormal;
        private ScrollBarArrowButtonState rightButtonState =
            ScrollBarArrowButtonState.RightNormal;

        // This control does not allow these widths to be altered.
        private int thumbWidth = 15;
        private int arrowWidth = 17;

        // Set the right limit of the thumb's right border.
        private int thumbRightLimitRight = 0;

        // Set the right limit of the thumb's left border.
        private int thumbRightLimitLeft = 0;

        // Set the left limit of thumb's left border.
        private int thumbLeftLimit = 0;

        // Set the distance from the left edge of the thumb to the 
        // cursor tip.
        private int thumbPosition = 0;

        // Set the distance from the left edge of the scroll bar track 
        // to the cursor tip.
        private int trackPosition = 0;

        // This timer draws the moving thumb while the scroll arrows or 
        // track are pressed.
        private Timer progressTimer = new Timer();

        public CustomScrollBar()
            : base()
        {
            this.Location = new Point(10, 10);
            this.Width = 200;
            this.Height = 20;
            this.DoubleBuffered = true;

            SetUpScrollBar();
            progressTimer.Interval = 20;
            progressTimer.Tick += new EventHandler(progressTimer_Tick);
        }

        // Calculate the sizes of the scroll bar elements.
        private void SetUpScrollBar()
        {
            clickedBarRectangle = ClientRectangle;
            thumbRectangle = new Rectangle(
                ClientRectangle.X + ClientRectangle.Width / 2,
                ClientRectangle.Y, thumbWidth,
                ClientRectangle.Height);
            leftArrowRectangle = new Rectangle(
                ClientRectangle.X, ClientRectangle.Y,
                arrowWidth, ClientRectangle.Height);
            rightArrowRectangle = new Rectangle(
                ClientRectangle.Right - arrowWidth,
                ClientRectangle.Y, arrowWidth,
                ClientRectangle.Height);

            // Set the default starting thumb position.
            thumbPosition = thumbWidth / 2;

            // Set the right limit of the thumb's right border.
            thumbRightLimitRight = ClientRectangle.Right - arrowWidth;

            // Set the right limit of the thumb's left border.
            thumbRightLimitLeft = thumbRightLimitRight - thumbWidth;

            // Set the left limit of the thumb's left border.
            thumbLeftLimit = ClientRectangle.X + arrowWidth;
        }

        // Draw the scroll bar in its normal state.
        protected override void OnPaint(PaintEventArgs e)
        {
            base.OnPaint(e);

            // Visual styles are not enabled.
            if (!ScrollBarRenderer.IsSupported)
            {
                this.Parent.Text = "CustomScrollBar Disabled";
                return;
            }

            this.Parent.Text = "CustomScrollBar Enabled";

            // Draw the scroll bar track.
            ScrollBarRenderer.DrawRightHorizontalTrack(e.Graphics,
                ClientRectangle, ScrollBarState.Normal);

            // Draw the thumb and thumb grip in the current state.
            ScrollBarRenderer.DrawHorizontalThumb(e.Graphics,
                thumbRectangle, thumbState);
            ScrollBarRenderer.DrawHorizontalThumbGrip(e.Graphics,
                thumbRectangle, thumbState);

            // Draw the scroll arrows in the current state.
            ScrollBarRenderer.DrawArrowButton(e.Graphics,
                    leftArrowRectangle, leftButtonState);
            ScrollBarRenderer.DrawArrowButton(e.Graphics,
                    rightArrowRectangle, rightButtonState);

            // Draw a highlighted rectangle in the left side of the scroll 
            // bar track if the user has clicked between the left arrow 
            // and thumb.
            if (leftBarClicked)
            {
                clickedBarRectangle.X = thumbLeftLimit;
                clickedBarRectangle.Width = thumbRectangle.X - thumbLeftLimit;
                ScrollBarRenderer.DrawLeftHorizontalTrack(e.Graphics,
                    clickedBarRectangle, ScrollBarState.Pressed);
            }

            // Draw a highlighted rectangle in the right side of the scroll 
            // bar track if the user has clicked between the right arrow 
            // and thumb.
            else if (rightBarClicked)
            {
                clickedBarRectangle.X =
                    thumbRectangle.X + thumbRectangle.Width;
                clickedBarRectangle.Width =
                    thumbRightLimitRight - clickedBarRectangle.X;
                ScrollBarRenderer.DrawRightHorizontalTrack(e.Graphics,
                    clickedBarRectangle, ScrollBarState.Pressed);
            }
        }

        // Handle a mouse click in the scroll bar.
        protected override void OnMouseDown(MouseEventArgs e)
        {
            base.OnMouseDown(e);

            if (!ScrollBarRenderer.IsSupported)
                return;

            // When the thumb is clicked, update the distance from the left
            // edge of the thumb to the cursor tip.
            if (thumbRectangle.Contains(e.Location))
            {
                thumbClicked = true;
                thumbPosition = e.Location.X - thumbRectangle.X;
                thumbState = ScrollBarState.Pressed;
            }

            // When the left arrow is clicked, start the timer to scroll 
            // while the arrow is held down.
            else if (leftArrowRectangle.Contains(e.Location))
            {
                leftArrowClicked = true;
                leftButtonState = ScrollBarArrowButtonState.LeftPressed;
                progressTimer.Start();
            }

            // When the right arrow is clicked, start the timer to scroll 
            // while the arrow is held down.
            else if (rightArrowRectangle.Contains(e.Location))
            {
                rightArrowClicked = true;
                rightButtonState = ScrollBarArrowButtonState.RightPressed;
                progressTimer.Start();
            }

            // When the scroll bar is clicked, start the timer to move the
            // thumb while the mouse is held down.
            else
            {
                trackPosition = e.Location.X;

                if (e.Location.X < this.thumbRectangle.X)
                {
                    leftBarClicked = true;
                }
                else
                {
                    rightBarClicked = true;
                }
                progressTimer.Start();
            }

            Invalidate();
        }

        // Draw the track.
        protected override void OnMouseUp(MouseEventArgs e)
        {
            base.OnMouseUp(e);

            if (!ScrollBarRenderer.IsSupported)
                return;

            // Update the thumb position, if the new location is within 
            // the bounds.
            if (thumbClicked)
            {
                thumbClicked = false;
                thumbState = ScrollBarState.Normal;

                if (e.Location.X > (thumbLeftLimit + thumbPosition) &&
                    e.Location.X < (thumbRightLimitLeft + thumbPosition))
                {
                    thumbRectangle.X = e.Location.X - thumbPosition;
                    thumbClicked = false;
                }
            }

            // If one of the four thumb movement areas was clicked, 
            // stop the timer.
            else if (leftArrowClicked)
            {
                leftArrowClicked = false;
                leftButtonState = ScrollBarArrowButtonState.LeftNormal;
                progressTimer.Stop();
            }

            else if (rightArrowClicked)
            {
                rightArrowClicked = false;
                rightButtonState = ScrollBarArrowButtonState.RightNormal;
                progressTimer.Stop();
            }

            else if (leftBarClicked)
            {
                leftBarClicked = false;
                progressTimer.Stop();
            }

            else if (rightBarClicked)
            {
                rightBarClicked = false;
                progressTimer.Stop();
            }

            Invalidate();
        }

        // Track mouse movements if the user clicks on the scroll bar thumb.
        protected override void OnMouseMove(MouseEventArgs e)
        {
            base.OnMouseMove(e);

            if (!ScrollBarRenderer.IsSupported)
                return;

            // Update the thumb position, if the new location is 
            // within the bounds.
            if (thumbClicked)
            {
                // The thumb is all the way to the left.
                if (e.Location.X <= (thumbLeftLimit + thumbPosition))
                {
                    thumbRectangle.X = thumbLeftLimit;
                }

                // The thumb is all the way to the right.
                else if (e.Location.X >= (thumbRightLimitLeft + thumbPosition))
                {
                    thumbRectangle.X = thumbRightLimitLeft;
                }

                // The thumb is between the ends of the track.
                else
                {
                    thumbRectangle.X = e.Location.X - thumbPosition;
                }

                Invalidate();
            }
        }

        // Recalculate the sizes of the scroll bar elements.
        protected override void OnSizeChanged(EventArgs e)
        {
            base.OnSizeChanged(e);
            SetUpScrollBar();
        }

        // Handle the timer tick by updating the thumb position.
        private void progressTimer_Tick(object sender, EventArgs myEventArgs)
        {
            if (!ScrollBarRenderer.IsSupported)
                return;

            // If an arrow is clicked, move the thumb in small increments.
            if (rightArrowClicked && thumbRectangle.X < thumbRightLimitLeft)
            {
                thumbRectangle.X++;
            }
            else if (leftArrowClicked && thumbRectangle.X > thumbLeftLimit)
            {
                thumbRectangle.X--;
            }

            // If the track bar to right of the thumb is clicked, move the 
            // thumb to the right in larger increments until the right edge 
            // of the thumb hits the cursor.
            else if (rightBarClicked &&
                thumbRectangle.X < thumbRightLimitLeft &&
                thumbRectangle.X + thumbRectangle.Width < trackPosition)
            {
                thumbRectangle.X += 3;
            }

            // If the track bar to left of the thumb is clicked, move the 
            // thumb to the left in larger increments until the left edge 
            // of the thumb hits the cursor.
            else if (leftBarClicked &&
                thumbRectangle.X > thumbLeftLimit &&
                thumbRectangle.X > trackPosition)
            {
                thumbRectangle.X -= 3;
            }

            Invalidate();
        }
    }
}

System.Object
  System.Windows.Forms.ScrollBarRenderer

Los miembros estáticos públicos (Shared en Visual Basic) de este tipo son seguros para la ejecución de subprocesos. No se garantiza que los miembros de instancias sean seguros para la ejecución de subprocesos.

Windows 98, Windows 2000 Service Pack 4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium, Windows Mobile para Pocket PC, Windows Mobile para Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center, Windows XP Professional x64, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter

Microsoft .NET Framework 3.0 es compatible con Windows Vista, Microsoft Windows XP SP2 y Windows Server 2003 SP1.

.NET Framework

Compatible con: 3.0, 2.0
Mostrar:
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