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Original

DataGrid.OnEditCommand (Método)

Genera el evento EditCommand. Esto permite incluir un control personalizado para el evento.

Espacio de nombres:  System.Web.UI.WebControls
Ensamblado:  System.Web (en System.Web.dll)

protected virtual void OnEditCommand(
	DataGridCommandEventArgs e
)

Parámetros

e
Tipo: System.Web.UI.WebControls.DataGridCommandEventArgs
Objeto DataGridCommandEventArgs que contiene datos de eventos.

Utilice el método OnEditCommand para proporcionar un controlador personalizado para el evento EditCommand.

Se provoca el evento EditCommand cuando se hace clic en el botón Editar de un elemento del control DataGrid.

Un controlador normal para el evento EditCommand establece la propiedad EditItemIndex en la fila seleccionada y, a continuación, vuelve a enlazar los datos al control DataGrid.

Cuando se genera un evento, se llama al controlador de eventos por medio de un delegado. Para obtener más información, vea Provocar un evento.

Nota de precauciónPrecaución

El texto no se codifica en HTML antes de mostrarse en el control DataGrid. Esto permite incrustar un script en las etiquetas HTML del texto. Si los valores para el control los especifica el usuario, asegúrese de que los valida para reducir los puntos vulnerables de seguridad.

Notas para los herederos

Al reemplazar el método OnEditCommand en una clase derivada, asegúrese de llamar al método OnEditCommand de la clase base.

Para obtener más información sobre control de eventos, vea Utilizar eventos.

En el ejemplo de código siguiente se muestra cómo especificar y programar un controlador para el evento EditCommand con el fin de editar un elemento del control DataGrid.



<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script runat="server">

      ' The Cart and CartView objects temporarily store the data source
      ' for the DataGrid control while the page is being processed.
      Dim Cart As DataTable = New DataTable()
      Dim CartView As DataView    

      Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) 

         ' With a database, use an select query to retrieve the data. Because 
         ' the data source in this example is an in-memory DataTable, retrieve
         ' the data from session state if it exists; otherwise create the data
         ' source.
         GetSource()

         ' The DataGrid control maintains state between posts to the server;
         ' it only needs to be bound to a data source the first time the page
         ' is loaded or when the data source is updated.
         If Not IsPostBack Then

            BindGrid()

         End If

      End Sub

      Sub ItemsGrid_Edit(sender As Object, e As DataGridCommandEventArgs) 

         ' Set the EditItemIndex property to the index of the item clicked 
         ' in the DataGrid control to enable editing for that item. Be sure
         ' to rebind the DateGrid to the data source to refresh the control.
         ItemsGrid.EditItemIndex = e.Item.ItemIndex
         BindGrid()

      End Sub

      Sub ItemsGrid_Cancel(sender As Object, e As DataGridCommandEventArgs) 

         ' Set the EditItemIndex property to -1 to exit editing mode.
         ' Be sure to rebind the DateGrid to the data source to refresh
         ' the control.
         ItemsGrid.EditItemIndex = -1
         BindGrid()

      End Sub

      Sub ItemsGrid_Update(sender As Object, e As DataGridCommandEventArgs) 

         ' Retrieve the text boxes that contain the values to update.
         ' For bound columns, the edited value is stored in a TextBox.
         ' The TextBox is the 0th control in a cell's Controls collection.
         ' Each cell in the Cells collection of a DataGrid item represents
         ' a column in the DataGrid control.
         Dim qtyText As TextBox = CType(e.Item.Cells(3).Controls(0), TextBox)
         Dim priceText As TextBox = CType(e.Item.Cells(4).Controls(0), TextBox)

         ' Retrieve the updated values.
         Dim item As String = e.Item.Cells(2).Text
         Dim qty As String = qtyText.Text
         Dim price As String = priceText.Text

         Dim dr As DataRow

         ' With a database, use an update command to update the data. 
         ' Because the data source in this example is an in-memory 
         ' DataTable, delete the old row and replace it with a new one.

         ' Remove the old entry and clear the row filter.
         CartView.RowFilter = "Item='" & item & "'"
         If CartView.Count > 0 Then

            CartView.Delete(0)

         End If 
         CartView.RowFilter = ""

         ' ***************************************************************
         ' Insert data validation code here. Be sure to validate the
         ' values entered by the user before converting to the appropriate
         ' data types and updating the data source.
         ' ***************************************************************

         ' Add the new entry.
         dr = Cart.NewRow()
         dr(0) = Convert.ToInt32(qty)
         dr(1) = item

         ' If necessary, remove the '$' character from the price before 
         ' converting it to a Double.
         If price.Chars(0) = "$" Then

            dr(2) = Convert.ToDouble(price.Substring(1))

         Else

            dr(2) = Convert.ToDouble(price)

         End If

         Cart.Rows.Add(dr)

         ' Set the EditItemIndex property to -1 to exit editing mode.
         ' Be sure to rebind the DateGrid to the data source to refresh
         ' the control.
         ItemsGrid.EditItemIndex = -1
         BindGrid()

      End Sub

      Sub BindGrid() 

         ' Set the data source and bind to the Data Grid control.
         ItemsGrid.DataSource = CartView
         ItemsGrid.DataBind()

      End Sub

      Sub GetSource()

         ' For this example, the data source is a DataTable that is stored
         ' in session state. If the data source does not exist, create it;
         ' otherwise, load the data.
         If Session("ShoppingCart") Is Nothing Then 

            ' Create the sample data.
            Dim dr As DataRow  

            ' Define the columns of the table.
            Cart.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Qty", GetType(Int32)))
            Cart.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Item", GetType(String)))
            Cart.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Price", GetType(Double)))

            ' Store the table in session state to persist its values
            ' between posts to the server.
            Session("ShoppingCart") = Cart

            ' Populate the DataTable with sample data.
            Dim i As Integer

            For i = 1 To 9 

               dr = Cart.NewRow()
               If (i Mod 2) <> 0 Then

                  dr(0) = 2

               Else

                  dr(0) = 1

               End If

               dr(1) = "Item " & i.ToString()
               dr(2) = (1.23 * (i + 1))
               Cart.Rows.Add(dr)

            Next i

         Else

            ' Retrieve the sample data from session state.
            Cart = CType(Session("ShoppingCart"), DataTable)

         End If         

         ' Create a DataView and specify the field to sort by.
         CartView = New DataView(Cart)
         CartView.Sort="Item"

         Return

      End Sub

      Sub ItemsGrid_Command(sender As Object, e As DataGridCommandEventArgs)

         Select (CType(e.CommandSource, LinkButton)).CommandName

            Case "Delete"
               DeleteItem(e)

            ' Add other cases here, if there are multiple ButtonColumns in 
            ' the DataGrid control.

            Case Else
               ' Do nothing.

         End Select

      End Sub

      Sub DeleteItem(e As DataGridCommandEventArgs)

         ' e.Item is the table row where the command is raised. For bound 
         ' columns, the value is stored in the Text property of a TableCell.
         Dim itemCell As TableCell = e.Item.Cells(2)
         Dim item As String = itemCell.Text

         ' Remove the selected item from the data source.         
         CartView.RowFilter = "Item='" & item + "'"
         If CartView.Count > 0 Then 

            CartView.Delete(0)

         End If

         CartView.RowFilter = ""

         ' Rebind the data source to refresh the DataGrid control.
         BindGrid()

      End Sub

   </script>

<head runat="server">
    <title>DataGrid Editing Example</title>
</head>
<body>

   <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>DataGrid Editing Example</h3>

      <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid"
           BorderColor="black"
           BorderWidth="1"
           CellPadding="3"
           OnEditCommand="ItemsGrid_Edit"
           OnCancelCommand="ItemsGrid_Cancel"
           OnUpdateCommand="ItemsGrid_Update"
           OnItemCommand="ItemsGrid_Command"
           AutoGenerateColumns="false"
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#aaaadd">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <Columns>

            <asp:EditCommandColumn
                 EditText="Edit"
                 CancelText="Cancel"
                 UpdateText="Update" 
                 HeaderText="Edit item">

               <ItemStyle Wrap="False">
               </ItemStyle>

               <HeaderStyle Wrap="False">
               </HeaderStyle>

            </asp:EditCommandColumn>

            <asp:ButtonColumn 
                 HeaderText="Delete item" 
                 ButtonType="LinkButton" 
                 Text="Delete" 
                 CommandName="Delete"/>  

            <asp:BoundColumn HeaderText="Item" 
                 ReadOnly="True" 
                 DataField="Item"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn HeaderText="Quantity" 
                 DataField="Qty"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn HeaderText="Price"
                 DataField="Price"
                 DataFormatString="{0:c}"/>

         </Columns>

      </asp:DataGrid>

   </form>

</body>
</html>





<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script runat="server">

      // The Cart and CartView objects temporarily store the data source
      // for the DataGrid control while the page is being processed.
      DataTable Cart = new DataTable();
      DataView CartView;   

      void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {

         // With a database, use an select query to retrieve the data. Because 
         // the data source in this example is an in-memory DataTable, retrieve
         // the data from session state if it exists; otherwise, create the data
         // source.
         GetSource();

         // The DataGrid control maintains state between posts to the server;
         // it only needs to be bound to a data source the first time the page
         // is loaded or when the data source is updated.
         if (!IsPostBack)
         {

            BindGrid();

         }

      }

      void ItemsGrid_Edit(Object sender, DataGridCommandEventArgs e) 
      {

         // Set the EditItemIndex property to the index of the item clicked 
         // in the DataGrid control to enable editing for that item. Be sure
         // to rebind the DateGrid to the data source to refresh the control.
         ItemsGrid.EditItemIndex = e.Item.ItemIndex;
         BindGrid();

      }

      void ItemsGrid_Cancel(Object sender, DataGridCommandEventArgs e) 
      {

         // Set the EditItemIndex property to -1 to exit editing mode. 
         // Be sure to rebind the DateGrid to the data source to refresh
         // the control.
         ItemsGrid.EditItemIndex = -1;
         BindGrid();

      }

      void ItemsGrid_Update(Object sender, DataGridCommandEventArgs e) 
      {

         // Retrieve the text boxes that contain the values to update.
         // For bound columns, the edited value is stored in a TextBox.
         // The TextBox is the 0th control in a cell's Controls collection.
         // Each cell in the Cells collection of a DataGrid item represents
         // a column in the DataGrid control.
         TextBox qtyText = (TextBox)e.Item.Cells[3].Controls[0];
         TextBox priceText = (TextBox)e.Item.Cells[4].Controls[0];

         // Retrieve the updated values.
         String item = e.Item.Cells[2].Text;
         String qty = qtyText.Text;
         String price = priceText.Text;

         DataRow dr;

         // With a database, use an update command to update the data. 
         // Because the data source in this example is an in-memory 
         // DataTable, delete the old row and replace it with a new one.

         // Remove the old entry and clear the row filter.
         CartView.RowFilter = "Item='" + item + "'";
         if (CartView.Count > 0)
         {
            CartView.Delete(0);
         }
         CartView.RowFilter = "";

         // ***************************************************************
         // Insert data validation code here. Be sure to validate the
         // values entered by the user before converting to the appropriate
         // data types and updating the data source.
         // ***************************************************************

         // Add the new entry.
         dr = Cart.NewRow();
         dr[0] = Convert.ToInt32(qty);
         dr[1] = item;

         // If necessary, remove the '$' character from the price before 
         // converting it to a Double.
         if(price[0] == '$')
         {
            dr[2] = Convert.ToDouble(price.Substring(1));
         }
         else
         {
            dr[2] = Convert.ToDouble(price);
         }

         Cart.Rows.Add(dr);

         // Set the EditItemIndex property to -1 to exit editing mode. 
         // Be sure to rebind the DateGrid to the data source to refresh
         // the control.
         ItemsGrid.EditItemIndex = -1;
         BindGrid();

      }

      void BindGrid() 
      {

         // Set the data source and bind to the Data Grid control.
         ItemsGrid.DataSource = CartView;
         ItemsGrid.DataBind();

      }

      void GetSource()
      {

         // For this example, the data source is a DataTable that is stored
         // in session state. If the data source does not exist, create it;
         //  otherwise, load the data.
         if (Session["ShoppingCart"] == null) 
         {     

            // Create the sample data.
            DataRow dr;  

            // Define the columns of the table.
            Cart.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Qty", typeof(Int32)));
            Cart.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Item", typeof(String)));
            Cart.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Price", typeof(Double)));

            // Store the table in session state to persist its values 
            // between posts to the server.
            Session["ShoppingCart"] = Cart;

            // Populate the DataTable with sample data.
            for (int i = 1; i <= 9; i++) 
            {
               dr = Cart.NewRow();
               if (i % 2 != 0)
               {
                  dr[0] = 2;
               }
               else
               {
                  dr[0] = 1;
               }
               dr[1] = "Item " + i.ToString();
               dr[2] = (1.23 * (i + 1));
               Cart.Rows.Add(dr);
            }

         } 

         else
         {

            // Retrieve the sample data from session state.
            Cart = (DataTable)Session["ShoppingCart"];

         }         

         // Create a DataView and specify the field to sort by.
         CartView = new DataView(Cart);
         CartView.Sort="Item";

         return;

      }

      void ItemsGrid_Command(Object sender, DataGridCommandEventArgs e)
      {

         switch(((LinkButton)e.CommandSource).CommandName)
         {

            case "Delete":
               DeleteItem(e);
               break;

            // Add other cases here, if there are multiple ButtonColumns in 
            // the DataGrid control.

            default:
               // Do nothing.
               break;

         }

      }

      void DeleteItem(DataGridCommandEventArgs e)
      {

         // e.Item is the table row where the command is raised. For bound
         // columns, the value is stored in the Text property of a TableCell.
         TableCell itemCell = e.Item.Cells[2];
         string item = itemCell.Text;

         // Remove the selected item from the data source.         
         CartView.RowFilter = "Item='" + item + "'";
         if (CartView.Count > 0) 
         {     
            CartView.Delete(0);
         }
         CartView.RowFilter = "";

         // Rebind the data source to refresh the DataGrid control.
         BindGrid();

      }

   </script>

<head runat="server">
    <title>DataGrid Editing Example</title>
</head>
<body>

   <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>DataGrid Editing Example</h3>

      <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid"
           BorderColor="black"
           BorderWidth="1"
           CellPadding="3"
           OnEditCommand="ItemsGrid_Edit"
           OnCancelCommand="ItemsGrid_Cancel"
           OnUpdateCommand="ItemsGrid_Update"
           OnItemCommand="ItemsGrid_Command"
           AutoGenerateColumns="false"
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#aaaadd">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <Columns>

            <asp:EditCommandColumn
                 EditText="Edit"
                 CancelText="Cancel"
                 UpdateText="Update" 
                 HeaderText="Edit item">

               <ItemStyle Wrap="False">
               </ItemStyle>

               <HeaderStyle Wrap="False">
               </HeaderStyle>

            </asp:EditCommandColumn>

            <asp:ButtonColumn 
                 HeaderText="Delete item" 
                 ButtonType="LinkButton" 
                 Text="Delete" 
                 CommandName="Delete"/>  

            <asp:BoundColumn HeaderText="Item" 
                 ReadOnly="True" 
                 DataField="Item"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn HeaderText="Quantity" 
                 DataField="Qty"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn HeaderText="Price"
                 DataField="Price"
                 DataFormatString="{0:c}"/>

         </Columns>

      </asp:DataGrid>

   </form>

</body>
</html>





<%@ Page Language="VB" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script runat="server">

      ' The Cart and CartView objects temporarily store the data source
      ' for the DataGrid control while the page is being processed.
      Dim Cart As DataTable = New DataTable()
      Dim CartView As DataView    

      Sub Page_Load(sender As Object, e As EventArgs) 

         ' With a database, use an select query to retrieve the data. 
         ' Because the data source in this example is an in-memory
         ' DataTable, retrieve the data from session state if it exists;
         ' otherwise, create the data source.
         GetSource()

         ' The DataGrid control maintains state between posts to the server;
         ' it only needs to be bound to a data source the first time the
         ' page is loaded or when the data source is updated.
         If Not IsPostBack Then

            BindGrid()

         End If

         ' Manually register the event-handling methods.
         AddHandler ItemsGrid.EditCommand, AddressOf ItemsGrid_Edit
         AddHandler ItemsGrid.CancelCommand, AddressOf ItemsGrid_Cancel
         AddHandler ItemsGrid.UpdateCommand, AddressOf ItemsGrid_Update
         AddHandler ItemsGrid.ItemCommand, AddressOf ItemsGrid_Command

      End Sub

      Sub ItemsGrid_Edit(sender As Object, e As DataGridCommandEventArgs) 

         ' Set the EditItemIndex property to the index of the item clicked
         ' in the DataGrid control to enable editing for that item. Be sure
         ' to rebind the DateGrid to the data source to refresh the control.
         ItemsGrid.EditItemIndex = e.Item.ItemIndex
         BindGrid()

      End Sub

      Sub ItemsGrid_Cancel(sender As Object, e As DataGridCommandEventArgs) 

         ' Set the EditItemIndex property to -1 to exit editing mode. 
         ' Be sure to rebind the DateGrid to the data source to refresh
         ' the control.
         ItemsGrid.EditItemIndex = -1
         BindGrid()

      End Sub

      Sub ItemsGrid_Update(sender As Object, e As DataGridCommandEventArgs) 

         ' Retrieve the text boxes that contain the values to update.
         ' For bound columns, the edited value is stored in a TextBox.
         ' The TextBox is the 0th control in a cell's Controls collection.
         ' Each cell in the Cells collection of a DataGrid item represents
         ' a column in the DataGrid control.
         Dim qtyText As TextBox = CType(e.Item.Cells(3).Controls(0), TextBox)
         Dim priceText As TextBox = CType(e.Item.Cells(4).Controls(0), TextBox)

         ' Retrieve the updated values.
         Dim item As String = e.Item.Cells(2).Text
         Dim qty As String = qtyText.Text
         Dim price As String = priceText.Text

         Dim dr As DataRow

         ' With a database, use an update command to update the data. 
         ' Because the data source in this example is an in-memory 
         ' DataTable, delete the old row and replace it with a new one.

         ' Remove the old entry and clear the row filter.
         CartView.RowFilter = "Item='" & item & "'"
         If CartView.Count > 0 Then

            CartView.Delete(0)

         End If 
         CartView.RowFilter = ""

         ' ***************************************************************
         ' Insert data validation code here. Make sure to validate the
         ' values entered by the user before converting to the appropriate
         ' data types and updating the data source.
         ' ***************************************************************

         ' Add the new entry.
         dr = Cart.NewRow()
         dr(0) = Convert.ToInt32(qty)
         dr(1) = item

         ' If necessary, remove the '$' character, from the price before 
         ' converting it to a Double.
         If price.Chars(0) = "$" Then

            dr(2) = Convert.ToDouble(price.Substring(1))

         Else

            dr(2) = Convert.ToDouble(price)

         End If

         Cart.Rows.Add(dr)

         ' Set the EditItemIndex property to -1 to exit editing mode. 
         ' Be sure to rebind the DateGrid to the data source to refresh
         ' the control.
         ItemsGrid.EditItemIndex = -1
         BindGrid()

      End Sub

      Sub BindGrid() 

         ' Set the data source and bind to the Data Grid control.
         ItemsGrid.DataSource = CartView
         ItemsGrid.DataBind()

      End Sub

      Sub GetSource()

         ' For this example, the data source is a DataTable that is
         ' stored in session state. If the data source does not exist, 
         ' create it; otherwise, load the data.
         If Session("ShoppingCart") Is Nothing Then 

            ' Create the sample data.
            Dim dr As DataRow  

            ' Define the columns of the table.
            Cart.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Qty", GetType(Int32)))
            Cart.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Item", GetType(String)))
            Cart.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Price", GetType(Double)))

            ' Store the table in session state to persist its values 
            ' between posts to the server.
            Session("ShoppingCart") = Cart

            ' Populate the DataTable with sample data.
            Dim i As Integer

            For i = 1 To 9 

               dr = Cart.NewRow()
               If (i Mod 2) <> 0 Then

                  dr(0) = 2

               Else

                  dr(0) = 1

               End If

               dr(1) = "Item " & i.ToString()
               dr(2) = (1.23 * (i + 1))
               Cart.Rows.Add(dr)

            Next i

         Else

            ' Retrieve the sample data from session state.
            Cart = CType(Session("ShoppingCart"), DataTable)

         End If         

         ' Create a DataView and specify the field to sort by.
         CartView = New DataView(Cart)
         CartView.Sort="Item"

         Return

      End Sub

      Sub ItemsGrid_Command(sender As Object, e As DataGridCommandEventArgs)

         Select (CType(e.CommandSource, LinkButton)).CommandName

            Case "Delete"
               DeleteItem(e)

            ' Add other cases here, if there are multiple ButtonColumns in 
            ' the DataGrid control.

            Case Else
               ' Do nothing.

         End Select

      End Sub

      Sub DeleteItem(e As DataGridCommandEventArgs)

         ' e.Item is the table row where the command is raised. For bound
         ' columns, the value is stored in the Text property of a TableCell.
         Dim itemCell As TableCell = e.Item.Cells(2)
         Dim item As String = itemCell.Text

         ' Remove the selected item from the data source.         
         CartView.RowFilter = "Item='" & item + "'"
         If CartView.Count > 0 Then 

            CartView.Delete(0)

         End If

         CartView.RowFilter = ""

         ' Rebind the data source to refresh the DataGrid control.
         BindGrid()

      End Sub

   </script>

<head runat="server">
    <title>DataGrid Editing Example</title>
</head>
<body>

   <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>DataGrid Editing Example</h3>

      <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid"
           BorderColor="black"
           BorderWidth="1"
           CellPadding="3"
           AutoGenerateColumns="false"
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#aaaadd">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <Columns>

            <asp:EditCommandColumn
                 EditText="Edit"
                 CancelText="Cancel"
                 UpdateText="Update" 
                 HeaderText="Edit item">

               <ItemStyle Wrap="False">
               </ItemStyle>

               <HeaderStyle Wrap="False">
               </HeaderStyle>

            </asp:EditCommandColumn>

            <asp:ButtonColumn 
                 HeaderText="Delete item" 
                 ButtonType="LinkButton" 
                 Text="Delete" 
                 CommandName="Delete"/>  

            <asp:BoundColumn HeaderText="Item" 
                 ReadOnly="True" 
                 DataField="Item"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn HeaderText="Quantity" 
                 DataField="Qty"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn HeaderText="Price"
                 DataField="Price"
                 DataFormatString="{0:c}"/>

         </Columns>

      </asp:DataGrid>

   </form>

</body>
</html>





<%@ Page Language="C#" AutoEventWireup="True" %>
<%@ Import Namespace="System.Data" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
   <script runat="server">

      // The Cart and CartView objects temporarily store the data source
      // for the DataGrid control while the page is being processed.
      DataTable Cart = new DataTable();
      DataView CartView;   

      void Page_Load(Object sender, EventArgs e) 
      {

         // With a database, use an select query to retrieve the data. 
         // Because the data source in this example is an in-memory
         // DataTable, retrieve the data from session state if it exists;
         // otherwise, create the data source.
         GetSource();

         // The DataGrid control maintains state between posts to the server;
         // it only needs to be bound to a data source the first time the
         // page is loaded or when the data source is updated.
         if (!IsPostBack)
         {

            BindGrid();

         }

         // Manually register the event-handling methods.
         ItemsGrid.EditCommand += 
             new DataGridCommandEventHandler(this.ItemsGrid_Edit);
         ItemsGrid.CancelCommand +=  
             new DataGridCommandEventHandler(this.ItemsGrid_Cancel);
         ItemsGrid.UpdateCommand += 
             new DataGridCommandEventHandler(this.ItemsGrid_Update);
         ItemsGrid.ItemCommand += 
             new DataGridCommandEventHandler(this.ItemsGrid_Command);

      }

      void ItemsGrid_Edit(Object sender, DataGridCommandEventArgs e) 
      {

         // Set the EditItemIndex property to the index of the item clicked
         // in the DataGrid control to enable editing for that item. Be sure
         // to rebind the DateGrid to the data source to refresh the control.
         ItemsGrid.EditItemIndex = e.Item.ItemIndex;
         BindGrid();

      }

      void ItemsGrid_Cancel(Object sender, DataGridCommandEventArgs e) 
      {

         // Set the EditItemIndex property to -1 to exit editing mode. 
         // Be sure to rebind the DateGrid to the data source to refresh
         // the control.
         ItemsGrid.EditItemIndex = -1;
         BindGrid();

      }

      void ItemsGrid_Update(Object sender, DataGridCommandEventArgs e) 
      {

         // Retrieve the text boxes that contain the values to update.
         // For bound columns, the edited value is stored in a TextBox.
         // The TextBox is the 0th control in a cell's Controls collection.
         // Each cell in the Cells collection of a DataGrid item represents
         // a column in the DataGrid control.
         TextBox qtyText = (TextBox)e.Item.Cells[3].Controls[0];
         TextBox priceText = (TextBox)e.Item.Cells[4].Controls[0];

         // Retrieve the updated values.
         String item = e.Item.Cells[2].Text;
         String qty = qtyText.Text;
         String price = priceText.Text;

         DataRow dr;

         // With a database, use an update command to update the data.
         // Because the data source in this example is an in-memory  
         // DataTable, delete the old row and replace it with a new one.

         // Remove the old entry and clear the row filter.
         CartView.RowFilter = "Item='" + item + "'";
         if (CartView.Count > 0)
         {
            CartView.Delete(0);
         }
         CartView.RowFilter = "";

         // ***************************************************************
         // Insert data validation code here. Make sure to validate the
         // values entered by the user before converting to the appropriate
         // data types and updating the data source.
         // ***************************************************************

         // Add the new entry.
         dr = Cart.NewRow();
         dr[0] = Convert.ToInt32(qty);
         dr[1] = item;

         // If necessary, remove the '$' character, from the price before
         // converting it to a Double.
         if(price[0] == '$')
         {
            dr[2] = Convert.ToDouble(price.Substring(1));
         }
         else
         {
            dr[2] = Convert.ToDouble(price);
         }

         Cart.Rows.Add(dr);

         // Set the EditItemIndex property to -1 to exit editing mode. 
         // Be sure to rebind the DateGrid to the data source to refresh
         // the control.
         ItemsGrid.EditItemIndex = -1;
         BindGrid();

      }

      void BindGrid() 
      {

         // Set the data source and bind to the Data Grid control.
         ItemsGrid.DataSource = CartView;
         ItemsGrid.DataBind();

      }

      void GetSource()
      {

         // For this example, the data source is a DataTable that is
         // stored in session state. If the data source does not exist, 
         // create it; otherwise, load the data.
         if (Session["ShoppingCart"] == null) 
         {     

            // Create the sample data.
            DataRow dr;  

            // Define the columns of the table.
            Cart.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Qty", typeof(Int32)));
            Cart.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Item", typeof(String)));
            Cart.Columns.Add(new DataColumn("Price", typeof(Double)));

            // Store the table in session state to persist its values 
            // between posts to the server.
            Session["ShoppingCart"] = Cart;

            // Populate the DataTable with sample data.
            for (int i = 1; i <= 9; i++) 
            {
               dr = Cart.NewRow();
               if (i % 2 != 0)
               {
                  dr[0] = 2;
               }
               else
               {
                  dr[0] = 1;
               }
               dr[1] = "Item " + i.ToString();
               dr[2] = (1.23 * (i + 1));
               Cart.Rows.Add(dr);
            }

         } 

         else
         {

            // Retrieve the sample data from session state.
            Cart = (DataTable)Session["ShoppingCart"];

         }         

         // Create a DataView and specify the field to sort by.
         CartView = new DataView(Cart);
         CartView.Sort="Item";

         return;

      }

      void ItemsGrid_Command(Object sender, DataGridCommandEventArgs e)
      {

         switch(((LinkButton)e.CommandSource).CommandName)
         {

            case "Delete":
               DeleteItem(e);
               break;

            // Add other cases here, if there are multiple ButtonColumns in 
            // the DataGrid control.

            default:
               // Do nothing.
               break;

         }

      }

      void DeleteItem(DataGridCommandEventArgs e)
      {

         // e.Item is the table row where the command is raised. For bound
         // columns, the value is stored in the Text property of a TableCell.
         TableCell itemCell = e.Item.Cells[2];
         string item = itemCell.Text;

         // Remove the selected item from the data source.         
         CartView.RowFilter = "Item='" + item + "'";
         if (CartView.Count > 0) 
         {     
            CartView.Delete(0);
         }
         CartView.RowFilter = "";

         // Rebind the data source to refresh the DataGrid control.
         BindGrid();

      }

   </script>

<head runat="server">
    <title>DataGrid Editing Example</title>
</head>
<body>

   <form id="form1" runat="server">

      <h3>DataGrid Editing Example</h3>

      <asp:DataGrid id="ItemsGrid"
           BorderColor="black"
           BorderWidth="1"
           CellPadding="3"
           OnEditCommand="ItemsGrid_Edit"
           OnCancelCommand="ItemsGrid_Cancel"
           OnUpdateCommand="ItemsGrid_Update"
           OnItemCommand="ItemsGrid_Command"
           AutoGenerateColumns="false"
           runat="server">

         <HeaderStyle BackColor="#aaaadd">
         </HeaderStyle>

         <Columns>

            <asp:EditCommandColumn
                 EditText="Edit"
                 CancelText="Cancel"
                 UpdateText="Update" 
                 HeaderText="Edit item">

               <ItemStyle Wrap="False">
               </ItemStyle>

               <HeaderStyle Wrap="False">
               </HeaderStyle>

            </asp:EditCommandColumn>

            <asp:ButtonColumn 
                 HeaderText="Delete item" 
                 ButtonType="LinkButton" 
                 Text="Delete" 
                 CommandName="Delete"/>  

            <asp:BoundColumn HeaderText="Item" 
                 ReadOnly="True" 
                 DataField="Item"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn HeaderText="Quantity" 
                 DataField="Qty"/>

            <asp:BoundColumn HeaderText="Price"
                 DataField="Price"
                 DataFormatString="{0:c}"/>

         </Columns>

      </asp:DataGrid>

   </form>

</body>
</html>



.NET Framework

Compatible con: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (no se admite el rol Server Core), Windows Server 2008 R2 (se admite el rol Server Core con SP1 o versiones posteriores; no se admite Itanium)

.NET Framework no admite todas las versiones de todas las plataformas. Para obtener una lista de las versiones compatibles, vea Requisitos de sistema de .NET Framework.

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