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CounterSample (Estructura)

Actualización: noviembre 2007

Define una estructura que contiene los datos sin formato de un contador de rendimiento.

Espacio de nombres:  System.Diagnostics
Ensamblado:  System (en System.dll)

'Declaración
Public Structure CounterSample
'Uso
Dim instance As CounterSample
public final class CounterSample extends ValueType
JScript admite el uso de estructuras, pero no admite la declaración de estructuras nuevas.

El ejemplo siguiente explica el uso de la clase CounterSample para mostrar los datos de un contador de rendimiento.

Imports System
Imports System.Collections
Imports System.Collections.Specialized
Imports System.Diagnostics

 _

Public Class App

   Private Shared PC As PerformanceCounter
   Private Shared BPC As PerformanceCounter


   Public Shared Sub Main()

      Dim samplesList As New ArrayList()
        'If the category does not exist, create the category and exit.
        'Performance counters should not be created and immediately used.
        'There is a latency time to enable the counters, they should be created
        'prior to executing the application that uses the counters.
        'Execute this sample a second time to use the counters.
        If Not (SetupCategory()) Then
            CreateCounters()
            CollectSamples(samplesList)
            CalculateResults(samplesList)
        End If

   End Sub 'Main



   Private Shared Function SetupCategory() As Boolean
      If Not PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists("AverageCounter64SampleCategory") Then

         Dim CCDC As New CounterCreationDataCollection()

         ' Add the counter.
         Dim averageCount64 As New CounterCreationData()
         averageCount64.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.AverageCount64
         averageCount64.CounterName = "AverageCounter64Sample"
         CCDC.Add(averageCount64)

         ' Add the base counter.
         Dim averageCount64Base As New CounterCreationData()
         averageCount64Base.CounterType = PerformanceCounterType.AverageBase
         averageCount64Base.CounterName = "AverageCounter64SampleBase"
         CCDC.Add(averageCount64Base)

         ' Create the category.
            PerformanceCounterCategory.Create("AverageCounter64SampleCategory", _
               "Demonstrates usage of the AverageCounter64 performance counter type.", _
                      PerformanceCounterCategoryType.SingleInstance, CCDC)


         Return True
      Else
         Console.WriteLine("Category exists - AverageCounter64SampleCategory")
         Return False
      End If
   End Function 'SetupCategory


   Private Shared Sub CreateCounters()
      ' Create the counters.

      PC = New PerformanceCounter("AverageCounter64SampleCategory", "AverageCounter64Sample", False)

      BPC = New PerformanceCounter("AverageCounter64SampleCategory", "AverageCounter64SampleBase", False)


      PC.RawValue = 0
      BPC.RawValue = 0
   End Sub 'CreateCounters

   Private Shared Sub CollectSamples(samplesList As ArrayList)

      Dim r As New Random(DateTime.Now.Millisecond)

      ' Loop for the samples.
      Dim j As Integer
      For j = 0 To 99

         Dim value As Integer = r.Next(1, 10)
            Console.Write(j.ToString() + " = " + value.ToString())

         PC.IncrementBy(value)

         BPC.Increment()

         If j Mod 10 = 9 Then
            OutputSample(PC.NextSample())
            samplesList.Add(PC.NextSample())
         Else
            Console.WriteLine()
         End If 
         System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(50)
      Next j
   End Sub 'CollectSamples

   Private Shared Sub CalculateResults(samplesList As ArrayList)
      Dim i As Integer
      For i = 0 To (samplesList.Count - 1) - 1
         ' Output the sample.
         OutputSample(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample))
         OutputSample(CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample))

         ' Use .NET to calculate the counter value.
            Console.WriteLine(".NET computed counter value = " + CounterSampleCalculator.ComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample), CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample)).ToString())

         ' Calculate the counter value manually.
            Console.WriteLine("My computed counter value = " + MyComputeCounterValue(CType(samplesList(i), CounterSample), CType(samplesList((i + 1)), CounterSample)).ToString())
      Next i
   End Sub 'CalculateResults




   '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
   '	Description - This counter type shows how many items are processed, on average,
   '		during an operation. Counters of this type display a ratio of the items 
   '		processed (such as bytes sent) to the number of operations completed. The  
   '		ratio is calculated by comparing the number of items processed during the 
   '		last interval to the number of operations completed during the last interval. 
   ' Generic type - Average
   '  	Formula - (N1 - N0) / (D1 - D0), where the numerator (N) represents the number 
   '		of items processed during the last sample interval and the denominator (D) 
   '		represents the number of operations completed during the last two sample 
   '		intervals. 
   '	Average (Nx - N0) / (Dx - D0)  
   '	Example PhysicalDisk\ Avg. Disk Bytes/Transfer 
   '++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
   Private Shared Function MyComputeCounterValue(s0 As CounterSample, s1 As CounterSample) As [Single]
      Dim numerator As [Single] = CType(s1.RawValue, [Single]) - CType(s0.RawValue, [Single])
      Dim denomenator As [Single] = CType(s1.BaseValue, [Single]) - CType(s0.BaseValue, [Single])
      Dim counterValue As [Single] = numerator / denomenator
      Return counterValue
   End Function 'MyComputeCounterValue


   ' Output information about the counter sample.
   Private Shared Sub OutputSample(s As CounterSample)
      Console.WriteLine(ControlChars.Lf + ControlChars.Cr + "+++++++++++")
      Console.WriteLine("Sample values - " + ControlChars.Lf + ControlChars.Cr)
        Console.WriteLine(("   BaseValue        = " + s.BaseValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterFrequency = " + s.CounterFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterTimeStamp = " + s.CounterTimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   CounterType      = " + s.CounterType.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   RawValue         = " + s.RawValue.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   SystemFrequency  = " + s.SystemFrequency.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp        = " + s.TimeStamp.ToString()))
        Console.WriteLine(("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + s.TimeStamp100nSec.ToString()))
      Console.WriteLine("++++++++++++++++++++++")
   End Sub 'OutputSample
End Class 'App


import System.*;  
import System.Collections.*;  
import System.Collections.Specialized.*;  
import System.Diagnostics.*;  

public class App
{
    private static PerformanceCounter pc;
    private static PerformanceCounter bpc;

    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        ArrayList samplesList = new ArrayList();
        SetupCategory();
        CreateCounters();
        CollectSamples(samplesList);
        CalculateResults(samplesList);
    } //main

    private static boolean SetupCategory()
    {
        if (!(PerformanceCounterCategory.Exists(
            "AverageCounter64SampleCategory"))) {
            CounterCreationDataCollection ccdc = 
                new CounterCreationDataCollection();
            // Add the counter.
            CounterCreationData averageCount64 = new CounterCreationData();
            averageCount64.
                set_CounterType(PerformanceCounterType.AverageCount64);
            averageCount64.set_CounterName("AverageCounter64Sample");
            ccdc.Add(averageCount64);
            // Add the base counter.
            CounterCreationData averageCount64Base = new CounterCreationData();
            averageCount64Base.set_CounterType(PerformanceCounterType.
                AverageBase);
            averageCount64Base.set_CounterName("AverageCounter64SampleBase");
            ccdc.Add(averageCount64Base);
            // Create the category.
            PerformanceCounterCategory.Create("AverageCounter64SampleCategory",
                "Demonstrates usage of the AverageCounter64 performance "
                + "counter type.", ccdc);
            return true;
        }
        else {
            Console.WriteLine("Category exists - AverageCounter64SampleCategory");
            return false;
        }
    } //SetupCategory

    private static void CreateCounters()
    {
        // Create the counters.
        pc = new PerformanceCounter("AverageCounter64SampleCategory",
            "AverageCounter64Sample", false);
        bpc = new PerformanceCounter("AverageCounter64SampleCategory",
            "AverageCounter64SampleBase", false);
        pc.set_RawValue(0);
        bpc.set_RawValue(0);
    } //CreateCounters
    private static void CollectSamples(ArrayList samplesList)
    {
        Random r = new Random(DateTime.get_Now().get_Millisecond());
        // Loop for the samples.
        for (int j = 0; j < 100; j++) {
            int value = r.Next(1, 10);
            Console.Write(j + " = " + value);
            pc.IncrementBy(value);
            bpc.Increment();

            if (j % 10 == 9) {
                OutputSample(pc.NextSample());
                samplesList.Add(pc.NextSample());
            }
            else {
                Console.WriteLine();
            }
            System.Threading.Thread.Sleep(50);
        }
    } //CollectSamples
    private static void CalculateResults(ArrayList samplesList)
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < samplesList.get_Count() - 1; i++) {
            // Output the sample.
            OutputSample((CounterSample)samplesList.get_Item(i));
            OutputSample((CounterSample)samplesList.get_Item(i + 1));
            // Use.NET to calculate the counter value.
            Console.WriteLine(".NET computed counter value = " 
                + CounterSampleCalculator.ComputeCounterValue((CounterSample)
                samplesList.get_Item(i), 
                (CounterSample)samplesList.get_Item(i + 1)));
            // Calculate the counter value manually.
            Console.WriteLine("My computed counter value = "
                + MyComputeCounterValue((CounterSample)samplesList.get_Item(i),
                (CounterSample)samplesList.get_Item(i + 1)));
        }
    } //CalculateResults

    //++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    //++++++++
    //    Description - This counter type shows how many items are processed, 
    //        on average,during an operation.Counters of this type display a
    //        ratio of the items processed (such as bytes sent) to the number
    //        of operations completed. The ratio is calculated by comparing
    //        the number of items processed during the last interval to the 
    //        number of operations completed during the last interval. 
    //  Generic type - Average
    //        Formula - (N1 - N0) / (D1 - D0), where the numerator (N) 
    //        represents the number of items processed during the last sample
    //        interval and the denominator (D) represents the number of
    //        operations completed during the last two sample 
    //        intervals. 
    //    Average (Nx - N0) / (Dx - D0)  
    //    Example PhysicalDisk\ Avg. Disk Bytes/Transfer 
    //++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++//++++++++
    //++++++++
    private static float MyComputeCounterValue(CounterSample s0,
        CounterSample s1)
    {
        float numerator = (float)s1.get_RawValue() - (float)s0.get_RawValue();
        float denomenator = (float)s1.get_BaseValue() - (float)s0.
            get_BaseValue();
        float counterValue = numerator / denomenator;
        return counterValue;
    } //MyComputeCounterValue

    // Output information about the counter sample.
    private static void OutputSample(CounterSample s)
    {
        Console.WriteLine("\r\n+++++++++++");
        Console.WriteLine("Sample values - \r\n");
        Console.WriteLine("   BaseValue        = " + s.get_BaseValue());
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterFrequency = " + s.get_CounterFrequency());
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterTimeStamp = " + s.get_CounterTimeStamp());
        Console.WriteLine("   CounterType      = " + s.get_CounterType());
        Console.WriteLine("   RawValue         = " + s.get_RawValue());
        Console.WriteLine("   SystemFrequency  = " + s.get_SystemFrequency());
        Console.WriteLine("   TimeStamp        = " + s.get_TimeStamp());
        Console.WriteLine("   TimeStamp100nSec = " + s.get_TimeStamp100nSec());
        Console.WriteLine("++++++++++++++++++++++");
    } //OutputSample
} //App


Todos los miembros static (Shared en Visual Basic) públicos de este tipo son seguros para la ejecución de subprocesos. No se garantiza que los miembros de instancias sean seguros para la ejecución de subprocesos.

Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98

.NET Framework y .NET Compact Framework no admiten todas las versiones de cada plataforma. Para obtener una lista de las versiones compatibles, vea Requisitos de sistema de .NET Framework.

.NET Framework

Compatible con: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

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