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Attribute.GetHashCode (Método)

Actualización: noviembre 2007

Devuelve el código hash de esta instancia.

Espacio de nombres:  System
Ensamblado:  mscorlib (en mscorlib.dll)

public override int GetHashCode()
public int GetHashCode()
public override function GetHashCode() : int

Valor devuelto

Tipo: System.Int32
Código hash de un entero de 32 bits con signo.

En el siguiente ejemplo de código se muestra el uso de GetHashCode en el contexto de Attribute.

using System;
using System.Reflection;
using System.Collections;

namespace HashCodeCS 
{
    // A custom attribute to allow two authors per method.
    public class AuthorsAttribute : Attribute 
    {
        public AuthorsAttribute(string name1, string name2) 
        {
            authorName1 = name1;
            authorName2 = name2;
        }

        protected string authorName1;
        protected string authorName2;
	
        public string AuthorName1 
        {
            get { return authorName1; }
            set { authorName1 = AuthorName1; }
        }

        public string AuthorName2 
        {
            get { return authorName2; }
            set { authorName2 = AuthorName2; }
        }

        // Use the hash code of the string objects and xor them together.
        public override int GetHashCode() 
        {
            return authorName1.GetHashCode() ^ authorName2.GetHashCode();
        }
    }

    // Provide the author names for each method of the class.
    public class TestClass 
    {
        [Authors("Immanuel Kant", "Lao Tzu")]
        public void Method1()
        {}

        [Authors("Jean-Paul Sartre", "Friedrich Nietzsche")]
        public void Method2()
        {}

        [Authors("Immanuel Kant", "Lao Tzu")]
        public void Method3()
        {}

        [Authors("Jean-Paul Sartre", "Friedrich Nietzsche")]
        public void Method4()
        {}

        [Authors("Immanuel Kant", "Friedrich Nietzsche")]
        public void Method5()
        {}
    }

    class DemoClass 
    {
        static void Main(string[] args) 
        {
            // Get the class type to access its metadata.
            Type clsType = typeof(TestClass);

            // Use a hash table to store the hash codes and methods.
            Hashtable hTable = new Hashtable();

            // Iterate through all the methods of the class.
            foreach(MethodInfo mInfo in clsType.GetMethods()) 
            {
                // Get the Authors attribute for the method if it exists.
                AuthorsAttribute authAttr = 
                    (AuthorsAttribute)Attribute.GetCustomAttribute(
                    mInfo, typeof(AuthorsAttribute));
                if (authAttr != null) 
                {
                    // Get the unique hash code for these authors.
                    int hCode = authAttr.GetHashCode();

                    // See if it's already been added to the hash table.
                    if (hTable.Contains(hCode)) 
                    {
                        // If so, retrieve the array using the Item syntax.
                        ArrayList al = (ArrayList)hTable[hCode];
                        // Add the method to the array list.
                        al.Add(mInfo.Name);
                        // Put the edited array list back into the table.
                        hTable[hCode] = al;
                    }

                        // This is the first occurrence of this hash code.
                    else 
                    {
                        // Create a new array list.
                        ArrayList al = new ArrayList();
                        // Add the method name as the first entry.
                        al.Add(mInfo.Name);
                        // Add the new hash code and array list to the table.
                        hTable.Add(hCode, al);
                    }
                }
            }

            // Get the hash table's enumerator and iterate through the table.
            IDictionaryEnumerator dictEnum = hTable.GetEnumerator();
            while (dictEnum.MoveNext()) 
            {
                // Get the array list for this iteration.
                ArrayList al = (ArrayList)dictEnum.Value;
                // Access each element of the array.
                for (int i=0; i<al.Count; i++) 
                {
                    // For the first element, retrieve the author names.
                    if (i == 0) 
                    {
                        // Get the metadata for the method.
                        MethodInfo mInfo = clsType.GetMethod((String)al[i]);
                        // Retrieve the Authors attribute again.
                        AuthorsAttribute authAttr = 
                            (AuthorsAttribute)Attribute.GetCustomAttribute(
                            mInfo, typeof(AuthorsAttribute));
                        // Display the authors names.
                        if (authAttr != null)
                            Console.WriteLine("Authors: {0}, {1}", 
                                authAttr.AuthorName1, authAttr.AuthorName2);
                        else
                            Console.WriteLine("The authors could not be retrieved.");
                    }
                    // Display each method authored by this team.
                    Console.WriteLine(al[i]);
                }
                Console.WriteLine("");
            }
        }
    }
}



package HashCodeJSL; 

import System.*;
import System.Reflection.*;
import System.Collections.*;

// A custom attribute to allow two authors per method.
/** @attribute System.AttributeUsageAttribute(AttributeTargets.Method)
 */
public class AuthorsAttribute extends Attribute
{
    public AuthorsAttribute(String name1, String name2)
    {
        authorName1 = name1;
        authorName2 = name2;
    } //AuthorsAttribute

    protected String authorName1;
    protected String authorName2;

    /** @property 
     */
    public String get_AuthorName1()
    {
        return authorName1;
    } //get_AuthorName1

    /** @property 
     */
    public void set_AuthorName1(String value)
    {
        authorName1 = value;
    } //set_AuthorName1

    /** @property 
     */
    public String get_AuthorName2()
    {
        return authorName2;
    } //get_AuthorName2

    /** @property 
     */
    public void set_AuthorName2(String value)
    {
        authorName2 = value;
    } //set_AuthorName2

    // Use the hash code of the string objects and xor them together.
    public int GetHashCode()
    {
        return authorName1.GetHashCode() ^ authorName2.GetHashCode();
    } //GetHashCode
} //AuthorsAttribute

// Provide the author names for each method of the class.
public class TestClass
{
    /** @attribute Authors("Immanuel Kant", "Lao Tzu")
     */
    public void Method1()
    {
    } //Method1

    /** @attribute Authors("Jean-Paul Sartre", "Friedrich Nietzsche")
     */
    public void Method2()
    {
    } //Method2

    /** @attribute Authors("Immanuel Kant", "Lao Tzu")
     */
    public void Method3()
    {
    } //Method3

    /** @attribute Authors("Jean-Paul Sartre", "Friedrich Nietzsche")
     */
    public void Method4()
    {
    } //Method4

    /** @attribute Authors("Immanuel Kant", "Friedrich Nietzsche")
     */
    public void Method5()
    {
    } //Method5
} //TestClass

class DemoClass
{
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        // Get the class type to access its metadata.
        Type clsType = TestClass.class.ToType();

        // Use a hash table to store the hash codes and methods.
        Hashtable hTable = new Hashtable();

        // Iterate through all the methods of the class.            
        for (int iCtr = 0; iCtr < clsType.GetMethods().length; iCtr++) {
            MethodInfo mInfo = (MethodInfo)clsType.GetMethods()[iCtr];

            // Get the Authors attribute for the method if it exists.
            AuthorsAttribute authAttr = (AuthorsAttribute)Attribute.
                GetCustomAttribute(mInfo, AuthorsAttribute.class.ToType());

            if (authAttr != null) {
                // Get the unique hash code for these authors.
                int hCode = authAttr.GetHashCode();

                // See if it's already been added to the hash table.
                if (hTable.Contains((Int32)hCode)) {
                    // If so, retrieve the array using the Item syntax.
                    ArrayList al = (ArrayList)hTable.get_Item((Int32)hCode);

                    // Add the method to the array list.
                    al.Add(mInfo.get_Name());

                    // Put the edited array list back into the table.
                    hTable.set_Item((Int32)hCode, al);
                }
                // This is the first occurrence of this hash code.
                else {
                    // Create a new array list.
                    ArrayList al = new ArrayList();

                    // Add the method name as the first entry.
                    al.Add(mInfo.get_Name());

                    // Add the new hash code and array list to the table.
                    hTable.Add((Int32)hCode, al);
                }
            }
        }

        // Get the hash table's enumerator and iterate through the table.
        IDictionaryEnumerator dictEnum = hTable.GetEnumerator();

        while (dictEnum.MoveNext()) {
            // Get the array list for this iteration.
            ArrayList al = (ArrayList)dictEnum.get_Value();

            // Access each element of the array.
            for (int i = 0; i < al.get_Count(); i++) {
                // For the first element, retrieve the author names.
                if (i == 0) {
                    // Get the metadata for the method.
                    MethodInfo mInfo = clsType.GetMethod((String)al.
                        get_Item(i));

                    // Retrieve the Authors attribute again.
                    AuthorsAttribute authAttr = (AuthorsAttribute)Attribute.
                        GetCustomAttribute(mInfo,
                        AuthorsAttribute.class.ToType());

                    // Display the authors names.
                    if (authAttr != null) {
                        Console.WriteLine("Authors: {0}, {1}",authAttr.
                            get_AuthorName1(), authAttr.get_AuthorName2());
                    }
                    else {
                        Console.WriteLine("The authors could not be " 
                            + "retrieved.");
                    }
                }

                // Display each method authored by this team.
                Console.WriteLine(al.get_Item(i));
            }
            Console.WriteLine("");
        }
    } //main
} //DemoClass


import System;
import System.Reflection;
import System.Collections;

package HashCodeJS {
	// A custom attribute to allow 2 authors per method.
	public AttributeUsage(AttributeTargets.Method) class AuthorsAttribute extends Attribute {
		public function AuthorsAttribute(name1 : String, name2 : String) {
			authorName1 = name1;
			authorName2 = name2;
		}

		protected var authorName1 : String;
		protected var authorName2 : String;
	
		public function get AuthorName1() : String {
			return authorName1; 
                }

                public function set AuthorName1(AuthorName1 : String) {
			authorName1 = AuthorName1; 
                }

		public function get AuthorName2() : String{
			return authorName2; 
                }

                public function set AuthorName2(AuthorName2 : String) {
			authorName2 = AuthorName2; 
		}

		// Use the hash code of the string objects and xor them together.
		public override function GetHashCode() : int {
			return authorName1.GetHashCode() ^ authorName2.GetHashCode();
		}
	}

	// Provide the author names for each method of the class.
	public class TestClass {
		public AuthorsAttribute("Immanuel Kant", "Lao Tzu")
		function Method1()
		{}

		public AuthorsAttribute("Jean-Paul Sartre", "Friedrich Nietzche")
		function Method2()
		{}

		public AuthorsAttribute("Immanuel Kant", "Lao Tzu")
		function Method3()
		{}

		public AuthorsAttribute("Jean-Paul Sartre", "Friedrich Nietzche")
		function Method4()
		{}

		public AuthorsAttribute("Immanuel Kant", "Friedrich Nietzche")
		function Method5()
		{}
	}

	class DemoClass {
		static function Main() {
			// Get the class type to access its metadata.
                        var testclass : TestClass = new TestClass();
			var clsType : Type = testclass.GetType();

			// Use a hash table to store the hash codes and methods.
			var hTable : Hashtable = new Hashtable();

			// Iterate through all the methods of the class.
                        var mInfo : MethodInfo[] = clsType.GetMethods()
			for (var i : int = 0; i < mInfo.length; i++) {
				// Get the Authors attribute for the method if it exists.
				var attr : Attribute = Attribute.GetCustomAttribute(mInfo[i], AuthorsAttribute);
				if (attr != null) {
					// Get the unique hash code for these authors.
					var hCode : int = attr.GetHashCode();

					// See if it's already been added to the hash table.
					if (hTable.Contains(hCode)) {
						// If so, retrieve the array import the Item syntax.
						var al : ArrayList = ArrayList(hTable[hCode]);
						// Add the method to the array list.
						al.Add(mInfo[i].Name);
						// Put the edited array list back into the table.
						hTable[hCode] = al;
					}

					// This is the first occurrence of this hash code.
					else {
						// Create a new array list.
						var al2 : ArrayList = new ArrayList();
						// Add the method name as the first entry.
						al2.Add(mInfo[i].Name);
						// Add the new hash code and array list to the table.
						hTable.Add(hCode, al2);
					}
				}
			}

			// Get the hash table's enumerator and iterate through the table.
			var dictEnum : IDictionaryEnumerator = hTable.GetEnumerator();
			while (dictEnum.MoveNext()) {
				// Get the array list for this iteration.
				var al3 : ArrayList = ArrayList(dictEnum.Value);
				// Access each element of the array.
				for (var j : int = 0; j < al3.Count; j++) {
					// For the first element, retrieve the author names.
					if (j == 0) {
						// Get the metadata for the method.
						var mInfo2 : MethodInfo = clsType.GetMethod(String(al3[j]));
						// Retrieve the Authors attribute again.
						var attr2 : Attribute = 
                                                      Attribute.GetCustomAttribute(mInfo2, 
                                                                                   AuthorsAttribute);
						// Display the authors names.
						if (attr2 != null)
							Console.WriteLine("Authors: {0}, {1}", 
								AuthorsAttribute(attr2).AuthorName1, 
                                                                AuthorsAttribute(attr2).AuthorName2);
						else
							Console.WriteLine("The authors could not be retrieved.");
					}
					// Display each method authored by this team.
					Console.WriteLine(al3[j]);
				}
				Console.WriteLine("");
			}
		}
	}
}

/*
 *  Output:
 * Authors: Jean-Paul Sartre, Friedrich Nietzche
 * Method4
 * Method2
 * 
 * Authors: Immanuel Kant, Lao Tzu
 * Method3
 * Method1
 *
 * Authors: Immanuel Kant, Friedrich Nietzche
 * Method5
 */

HashCodeJS.DemoClass.Main();


Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98, Windows CE, Windows Mobile para Smartphone, Windows Mobile para Pocket PC, Xbox 360

.NET Framework y .NET Compact Framework no admiten todas las versiones de cada plataforma. Para obtener una lista de las versiones compatibles, vea Requisitos de sistema de .NET Framework.

.NET Framework

Compatible con: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Compatible con: 3.5, 2.0, 1.0

XNA Framework

Compatible con: 2.0, 1.0

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