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_mm_round_ss

Microsoft Specific

Emits the Streaming SIMD Extensions 4 (SSE4) instruction roundss. This instruction rounds a 32-bit value and inserts the result into a 128-bit parameter.


__m128 _mm_round_ss( 
   __m128 a,
   __m128 b,
   const int cntrl 
);

[in] a

A 128-bit parameter that contains four 32-bit floating point numbers.

[in] b

A 128-bit parameter that contains a floating point value in the lowest 32 bits.

[in] cntrl

A constant that specifies control fields for the rounding operation.

A 128-bit parameter. The lowest 32 bits are the result of the rounding function on b0. The higher order 96 bits are copied directly from input parameter a. The return value is described by the following equations:

r0 = RND(b0)
r1 = a1
r2 = a2
r3 = a3

Intrinsic

Architecture

_mm_round_ss

x86, x64

Header file <smmintrin.h>

r0-r3, a0-a3, and b0-b3 are the sequentially ordered 32-bit components of return value r and parameters a and b, respectively. r0, a0, and b0 are the least significant 32 bits.

The rounding function uses the cntrl parameter to determine how to compute a new value. The following table indicates what rounding mode will be used.

Rounding mode

Value

Description

_MM_FROUND_TO_NEAREST_INT

0x0

Round to nearest (even).

_MM_FROUND_TO_NEG_INF

0x1

Round down (toward -∞).

_MM_FROUND_TO_POS_INF

0x2

Round up (toward +∞).

_MM_FROUND_TO_ZERO

0x3

Round toward zero (truncate).

_MM_FROUND_CUR_DIRECTION

0x4

Use current MXCSR setting.

This table shows how cntrl determines whether an exception should be signaled when a SNaN is detected.

Precision exception handling

Value

Description

_MM_FROUND_RAISE_EXC

0x0

Signal precision exception on Signaling Not a Number (SNaN).

_MM_FROUND_NO_EXC

0x8

Do not signal precision exception on SNaN.

The following macros are also available to combine the above two fields:

Rounding mode and precision exception handling

Value

_MM_FROUND_NINT

MM_FROUND_TO_NEAREST_INT | _MM_FROUND_RAISE_EXC

_MM_FROUND_FLOOR

_MM_FROUND_TO_NEG_INF | _MM_FROUND_RAISE_EXC

_MM_FROUND_CEIL

_MM_FROUND_TO_POS_INF | _MM_FROUND_RAISE_EXC

_MM_FROUND_TRUNC

_MM_FROUND_TO_ZERO | _MM_FROUND_RAISE_EXC

_MM_FROUND_RINT

_MM_FROUND_CUR_DIRECTION | _MM_FROUND_RAISE_EXC

_MM_FROUND_NEARBYINT

_MM_FROUND_CUR_DIRECTION | _MM_FROUND_NO_EXC

Before you use this intrinsic, software must ensure that the underlying processor supports the instruction.

#include <stdio.h>
#include <smmintrin.h>

int main ()
{
    __m128 a, b;
    const int cntrl = _MM_FROUND_TRUNC;

    a.m128_f32[0] = 0.0;
    a.m128_f32[1] = 501.125;
    a.m128_f32[2] = -793.5;
    a.m128_f32[3] = 8560.125;

    b.m128_f32[0] = 5.5;
    b.m128_f32[1] = 0.0;
    b.m128_f32[2] = 0.0;
    b.m128_f32[3] = 0.0;

    __m128 res = _mm_round_ss(a, b, cntrl);

    printf_s("Original a: %f\t%f\t%f\t%f\nOriginal b: %f\t%f\t%f\t%f\n",
                a.m128_f32[0], a.m128_f32[1], a.m128_f32[2], a.m128_f32[3],
                b.m128_f32[0], b.m128_f32[1], b.m128_f32[2], b.m128_f32[3]);
    printf_s("Result res: %f\t%f\t%f\t%f\n",
                res.m128_f32[0], res.m128_f32[1], res.m128_f32[2], res.m128_f32[3]);

    return 0;
}
Original a: 0.000000    501.125000      -793.500000     8560.125000
Original b: 5.500000    0.000000        0.000000        0.000000
Result res: 5.000000    501.125000      -793.500000     8560.125000

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