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PeerFinder.FindAllPeersAsync | findAllPeersAsync method

Applies to Windows and Windows Phone

Asynchronously browses for peer devices that are running the same app within wireless range.

Syntax


Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.findAllPeersAsync().done( /* Your success and error handlers */ );

public static IAsyncOperation<IReadOnlyList> FindAllPeersAsync()

Public Shared Function FindAllPeersAsync() As IAsyncOperation(Of IReadOnlyList)

public:
static IAsyncOperation<IVectorView>^ FindAllPeersAsync()

Parameters

This method has no parameters.

Return value

Type: IAsyncOperation<IVectorView>

The asynchronous operation for browsing for peer devices that are running your app.

Remarks

If your app is running on a PC, you can browse for peer PCs that are running your app. Peer discovery in this case takes place over Wi-Fi Direct. If your app is running on a phone, you can browse for peer phones that are running your app. In this case, peer discovery takes place over Bluetooth. Because the transport used for peer discovery differs between PC and phone, your app running on a PC can only find peer PCs and your app running on a phone can only find peer phones.

When the asynchronous browsing operation finishes successfully, it returns a list of peers that are within wireless range. A peer is a device that has an app running in the foreground with a matching app Id. A peer can also have a matching browse Id that's specified as an alternate identity. For more information, see AlternateIdentities.

If an app calls the ConnectAsync method to create a connection with a peer, the app will no longer advertise for a connection and will not be found by the FindAllPeersAsync method until the app calls the Close method to close the socket connection.

You will only find peers where the device is within wireless range and the peer app is running in the foreground. If a peer app is running in the background, proximity does not advertise for peer connections.

As an alternative to the FindAllPeersAsync method, you can dynamically search for peer apps as they are discovered within range using the PeerWatcher object.

Windows Phone 8

Wi-Fi Direct is not supported on Windows Phone 8. For more information, see Proximity.

Examples


var started = false;

// Click event for "Advertise" button.
function advertiseForPeers(launchedFromTap) {
    Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.displayName = displayNameTextBox.Text;

    if (Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.supportedDiscoveryTypes &
        Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerDiscoveryTypes.triggered) {

        Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.addEventListener(
            "triggeredconnectionstatechanged", triggeredConnectionStateChanged);

        id("messageDiv").innerHTML +=
            "You can tap to connect a peer device that is " +
            "also advertising for a connection.<br />";
    } else {
        id("messageDiv").innerHTML +=
            "Tap to connect is not supported.<br />";
    }

    if (!launchedFromTap) {
        if (!(Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.SupportedDiscoveryTypes &
              Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerDiscoveryTypes.Browse)) {
            id("messageDiv").innerHTML +=
                "Peer discovery using Wi-Fi Direct is not supported.<br />";
        }
    }

    if (!started) {
        Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.start();
        started = true;
    }
}

function triggeredConnectionStateChanged(e) {
    if (e.state === Windows.Networking.Proximity.TriggeredConnectState.peerFound) {
        id("messageDiv").innerHTML +=
            "Peer found. You may now pull your devices out of proximity.<br />";
    }
    if (e.state === Windows.Networking.Proximity.TriggeredConnectState.completed) {
        id("messageDiv").innerHTML += "Connected. You may now send a message.<br />";
        sendMessage(e.socket);
    }
}


// Click event for "Browse" button.
function findPeers() {
    if (Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.supportedDiscoveryTypes &
        Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerDiscoveryTypes.browse) {

        Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.findAllPeersAsync().done(
    function (peerInfoCollection) {
        if (peerInfoCollection.length > 0) {
            // Connect to first peer found - example only.
            // In your app, provide the user with a list of available peers.
            connectToPeer(peerInfoCollection[0]);
        }
    },
    function (err) {
        id("messageDiv").innerHTML += "Error finding peers: " + err + "<br />";
    });
    } else {
        id("messageDiv").innerHTML +=
        "Peer discovery using Wi-Fi Direct is not supported.<br />";
    }
}

function connectToPeer(peerInfo) {
    id("messageDiv").innerHTML += ("Peer found. Connecting to " + peerInfo.displayName + "<br />");
    Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.connectAsync(peerInfo).done(
        function (socket) {
            id("messageDiv").innerHTML += "Connection successful. You may now send messages.<br />";
            sendMessage(socket);
        },
        function (err) {
            id("messageDiv").innerHTML += "Connection failed: " + err + "<br />";
        });

    requestingPeer = null;
}

function stopFindingPeers() {
    Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.stop();
    started = false;
    if (proximitySocket != null) { closeSocket(); }
}

// Handle external connection requests.
var requestingPeer;

function connectionRequested(e) {
    id("messageDiv").innerHTML +=
        "Connection requested by " + e.peerInformation.DisplayName + ". " +
        "Click 'Accept Connection' to connect.";
    requestingPeer = e.PeerInformation;
}

function acceptConnection() {
    if (requestingPeer == null) {
        id("messageDiv").innerHTML += "No peer connection has been requested.";
        return;
    }

    connectToPeer(requestingPeer);
}

protected override void OnNavigatedTo(NavigationEventArgs e)
{
    DisplayNameTextBox.Text = Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.DisplayName;
    Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.ConnectionRequested += ConnectionRequested;

    // If activated from launch or from the background, create a peer connection.
    var args = e.Parameter as Windows.ApplicationModel.Activation.LaunchActivatedEventArgs;
    if (args != null && args.Kind == Windows.ApplicationModel.Activation.ActivationKind.Launch)
    {
        if (args.Arguments == "Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder:StreamSocket")
        {
            AdvertiseForPeersButton_Click(null, null);
        }
    }
}

protected override void OnNavigatingFrom(NavigatingCancelEventArgs e)
{
    if (_started)
    {
        // Detach the callback handler (there can only be one PeerConnectProgress handler).
        Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.TriggeredConnectionStateChanged -= TriggeredConnectionStateChanged;
        // Detach the incoming connection request event handler.
        Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.ConnectionRequested -= ConnectionRequested;
        Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.Stop();
        CloseSocket();
        _started = false;
    }
}

// Write a message to MessageBlock on the UI thread.
private Windows.UI.Core.CoreDispatcher messageDispatcher = Window.Current.CoreWindow.Dispatcher;

async private void WriteMessageText(string message, bool overwrite = false)
{
    await messageDispatcher.RunAsync(Windows.UI.Core.CoreDispatcherPriority.Normal,
        () =>
        {
            if (overwrite)
                MessageBlock.Text = message;
            else
                MessageBlock.Text += message;
        });
}

bool _started = false;

// Click event handler for "Advertise" button.
private void AdvertiseForPeersButton_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
{
    if (_started) 
    {
        WriteMessageText("You are already advertising for a connection.\n");
        return; 
    }

    Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.DisplayName = DisplayNameTextBox.Text;

    if ((Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.SupportedDiscoveryTypes &
         Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerDiscoveryTypes.Triggered) ==
         Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerDiscoveryTypes.Triggered)
    {
        Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.TriggeredConnectionStateChanged +=
            TriggeredConnectionStateChanged;

        WriteMessageText("You can tap to connect a peer device that is " +
                         "also advertising for a connection.\n");
    }
    else
    {
        WriteMessageText("Tap to connect is not supported.\n");
    }

    if ((Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.SupportedDiscoveryTypes &
         Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerDiscoveryTypes.Browse) !=
         Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerDiscoveryTypes.Browse)
    {
        WriteMessageText("Peer discovery using Wi-Fi Direct is not supported.\n");
    }

   Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.Start();
   _started = true;
}

private void TriggeredConnectionStateChanged(
    object sender,
    Windows.Networking.Proximity.TriggeredConnectionStateChangedEventArgs e)
{
    if (e.State == Windows.Networking.Proximity.TriggeredConnectState.PeerFound)
    {
        WriteMessageText("Peer found. You may now pull your devices out of proximity.\n");
    }
    if (e.State == Windows.Networking.Proximity.TriggeredConnectState.Completed)
    {
        WriteMessageText("Connected. You may now send a message.\n");
        SendMessage(e.Socket);
    }
}

// Click event handler for "Browse" button.
async private void FindPeersButton_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
{
    if ((Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.SupportedDiscoveryTypes &
         Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerDiscoveryTypes.Browse) !=
         Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerDiscoveryTypes.Browse)
    {
        WriteMessageText("Peer discovery using Wi-Fi Direct is not supported.\n");
        return;
    }

    try
    {
        var peerInfoCollection = await Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.FindAllPeersAsync();
        if (peerInfoCollection.Count > 0)
        {
            // Connect to first peer found - example only.
            // In your app, provide the user with a list of available peers.
            ConnectToPeer(peerInfoCollection[0]);
        }
    }
    catch (Exception err)
    {
        WriteMessageText("Error finding peers: " + err.Message + "\n");
    }
}

async private void ConnectToPeer(Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerInformation peerInfo)
{
    WriteMessageText("Peer found. Connecting to " + peerInfo.DisplayName + "\n");
    try
    {
        Windows.Networking.Sockets.StreamSocket socket =
            await Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.ConnectAsync(peerInfo);

        WriteMessageText("Connection successful. You may now send messages.\n");
        SendMessage(socket);
    }
    catch (Exception err)
    {
        WriteMessageText("Connection failed: " + err.Message + "\n");
    }

    requestingPeer = null;
}

// Click event handler for "Stop" button.
private void StopFindingPeersButton_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
{
    _started = false;
    Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.Stop();
    if (proximitySocket != null) { CloseSocket(); }
}

// Handle external connection requests.
Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerInformation requestingPeer;

private void ConnectionRequested(object sender,
    Windows.Networking.Proximity.ConnectionRequestedEventArgs e)
{
    requestingPeer = e.PeerInformation;
    WriteMessageText("Connection requested by " + requestingPeer.DisplayName + ". " +
        "Click 'Accept Connection' to connect.");
}

private void AcceptConnectionButton_Click(object sender, RoutedEventArgs e)
{
    if (requestingPeer == null)
    {
        WriteMessageText("No peer connection has been requested.");
        return;
    }

    ConnectToPeer(requestingPeer);
}

Protected Overrides Sub OnNavigatedTo(e As Navigation.NavigationEventArgs)
    DisplayNameTextBox.Text = Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.DisplayName
    AddHandler Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.ConnectionRequested, AddressOf ConnectionRequested

    ' If activated from launch or from the background, create a peer connection.
    Dim args = TryCast(e.Parameter, Windows.ApplicationModel.Activation.LaunchActivatedEventArgs)
    If args IsNot Nothing AndAlso args.Kind = Windows.ApplicationModel.Activation.ActivationKind.Launch Then

        If args.Arguments = "Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder:StreamSocket" Then
            AdvertiseForPeersButton_Click()
        End If
    End If
End Sub

Protected Overrides Sub OnNavigatingFrom(e As Navigation.NavigatingCancelEventArgs)
    If _started Then
        ' Detach the callback handler (there can only be one PeerConnectProgress handler).
        RemoveHandler Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.TriggeredConnectionStateChanged, AddressOf TriggeredConnectionStateChanged
        ' Detach the incoming connection request event handler.
        RemoveHandler Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.ConnectionRequested, AddressOf ConnectionRequested
        Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.Stop()
        CloseSocket()
        _started = False
    End If
End Sub

' Write a message to MessageBlock on the UI thread.
Private Async Sub WriteMessageText(message As String, Optional overwrite As Boolean = False)
    Await Dispatcher.RunAsync(Windows.UI.Core.CoreDispatcherPriority.Normal,
        Sub()
            If overwrite Then
                MessageBlock.Text = message
            Else
                MessageBlock.Text &= message
            End If
        End Sub)
End Sub

Private _started As Boolean = False

' Click event handler for "Advertise" button.
Private Sub AdvertiseForPeersButton_Click()

    If _started Then
        WriteMessageText("You are already advertising for a connection." & vbCrLf)
        Return
    End If

    Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.DisplayName = DisplayNameTextBox.Text

    If ((Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.SupportedDiscoveryTypes And
         Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerDiscoveryTypes.Triggered) =
         Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerDiscoveryTypes.Triggered) Then

        AddHandler Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.TriggeredConnectionStateChanged,
            AddressOf TriggeredConnectionStateChanged

        WriteMessageText("You can tap to connect a peer device that is " &
                         "also advertising for a connection." & vbCrLf)
    Else
        WriteMessageText("Tap to connect is not supported." & vbCrLf)
    End If

    If (Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.SupportedDiscoveryTypes And
        Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerDiscoveryTypes.Browse) <>
        Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerDiscoveryTypes.Browse Then

        WriteMessageText("Peer discovery using Wifi-Direct is not supported." & vbCrLf)
    End If

    Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.Start()
    _started = True
End Sub

Private Sub TriggeredConnectionStateChanged(
    sender As Object,
    e As Windows.Networking.Proximity.TriggeredConnectionStateChangedEventArgs)

    If e.State = Windows.Networking.Proximity.TriggeredConnectState.PeerFound Then

        WriteMessageText("Peer found. You may now pull your devices out of proximity." & vbCrLf)
    End If

    If e.State = Windows.Networking.Proximity.TriggeredConnectState.Completed Then
        WriteMessageText("Connected. You may now send a message." & vbCrLf)
        SendMessage(e.Socket)
    End If
End Sub

' Click event handler for "Browse" button.
Private Async Sub FindPeersButton_Click()
    If (Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.SupportedDiscoveryTypes And
        Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerDiscoveryTypes.Browse) <>
        Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerDiscoveryTypes.Browse Then

        WriteMessageText("Peer discovery using Wifi-Direct is not supported." & vbCrLf)
        Return
    End If

    Try
        Dim peerInfoCollection = Await Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.FindAllPeersAsync()
        If peerInfoCollection.Count > 0 Then
            ' Connect to first peer found - example only.
            ' In your app, provide the user with a list of available peers.
            ConnectToPeer(peerInfoCollection(0))
        End If
    Catch err As Exception
        WriteMessageText("Error finding peers: " & err.Message & vbCrLf)
    End Try
End Sub

Private Async Sub ConnectToPeer(peerInfo As Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerInformation)

    WriteMessageText("Peer found. Connecting to " & peerInfo.DisplayName & vbCrLf)
    Try
        Dim socket = Await Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.ConnectAsync(peerInfo)

        WriteMessageText("Connection successful. You may now send messages." & vbCrLf)
        SendMessage(socket)
    Catch err As Exception
        WriteMessageText("Connection failed: " & err.Message & vbCrLf)
    End Try

    requestingPeer = Nothing
End Sub

' Click event handler for "Stop" button.
Private Sub StopFindingPeersButton_Click()

    _started = False
    Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerFinder.Stop()
    If proximitySocket IsNot Nothing Then CloseSocket()
End Sub

' Handle external connection requests.
Private requestingPeer As Windows.Networking.Proximity.PeerInformation

Private Sub ConnectionRequested(sender As Object,
    e As Windows.Networking.Proximity.ConnectionRequestedEventArgs)

    requestingPeer = e.PeerInformation

    WriteMessageText("Connection requested by " & requestingPeer.DisplayName & ". " &
        "Click 'Accept Connection' to connect.")
End Sub

Private Sub AcceptConnectionButton_Click()
    If requestingPeer Is Nothing Then
        WriteMessageText("No peer connection has been requested.")
        Return
    End If

    ConnectToPeer(requestingPeer)
End Sub

Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows 8

Minimum supported server

Windows Server 2012

Minimum supported phone

Windows Phone 8

Namespace

Windows.Networking.Proximity
Windows::Networking::Proximity [C++]

Metadata

Windows.winmd

Capabilities

proximity
ID_CAP_PROXIMITY [Windows Phone]
ID_CAP_NETWORKING [Windows Phone]

See also

PeerFinder
AlternateIdentities
SupportedDiscoveryTypes
PeerWatcher
Proximity and Tapping (JavaScript)
Proximity and Tapping (C#/VB/C++)
Samples
Proximity sample