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WinHttpGetProxyForUrlEx function

The WinHttpGetProxyForUrlEx function retrieves the proxy data for the specified URL.

Syntax


DWORD WinHttpGetProxyForUrlEx(
  _In_  HINTERNET hResolver,
  _In_  PCWSTR pcwszUrl,
  _In_  WINHTTP_AUTOPROXY_OPTIONS *pAutoProxyOptions,
  _In_  DWORD_PTR pContext
);

Parameters

hResolver [in]

The WinHTTP resolver handle returned by the WinHttpCreateProxyResolver function.

pcwszUrl [in]

A pointer to a null-terminated Unicode string that contains a URL for which proxy information will be determined.

pAutoProxyOptions [in]

A pointer to a WINHTTP_AUTOPROXY_OPTIONS structure that specifies the auto-proxy options to use.

pContext [in]

Context data that will be passed to the completion callback function.

Return value

A status code indicating the result of the operation.

The following codes may be returned.Description
ERROR_IO_PENDING

The operation is continuing asynchronously.

ERROR_WINHTTP_AUTO_PROXY_SERVICE_ERROR

Returned by WinHttpGetProxyForUrlEx when a proxy for the specified URL cannot be located.

ERROR_WINHTTP_BAD_AUTO_PROXY_SCRIPT

An error occurred executing the script code in the Proxy Auto-Configuration (PAC) file.

ERROR_WINHTTP_INCORRECT_HANDLE_TYPE

The type of handle supplied is incorrect for this operation.

ERROR_WINHTTP_INVALID_URL

The URL is invalid.

ERROR_WINHTTP_OPERATION_CANCELLED

The operation was canceled, usually because the handle on which the request was operating was closed before the operation completed.

ERROR_WINHTTP_UNABLE_TO_DOWNLOAD_SCRIPT

The PAC file could not be downloaded. For example, the server referenced by the PAC URL may not have been reachable, or the server returned a 404 NOT FOUND response.

ERROR_WINHTTP_UNRECOGNIZED_SCHEME

The URL of the PAC file specified a scheme other than "http:" or "https:".

ERROR_NOT_ENOUGH_MEMORY

Not enough memory was available to complete the requested operation. (Windows error code)

 

Remarks

This function implements the Web Proxy Auto-Discovery (WPAD) protocol for automatically configuring the proxy settings for an HTTP request. The WPAD protocol downloads a Proxy Auto-Configuration (PAC) file, which is a script that identifies the proxy server to use for a given target URL. PAC files are typically deployed by the IT department within a corporate network environment. The URL of the PAC file can either be specified explicitly or WinHttpGetProxyForUrlEx can be instructed to automatically discover the location of the PAC file on the local network.

WinHttpGetProxyForUrlEx supports only ECMAScript-based PAC files.

WinHttpGetProxyForUrlEx must be called on a per-URL basis, because the PAC file can return a different proxy server for different URLs. This is useful because the PAC file enables an IT department to implement proxy server load balancing by mapping (hashing) the target URL (specified by the lpcwszUrl parameter) to a certain proxy in a proxy server array.

WinHttpGetProxyForUrlEx caches the autoproxy URL and the autoproxy script when auto-discovery is specified in the dwFlags member of the pAutoProxyOptions structure. For more information, see Autoproxy Cache.

WinHttpGetProxyForUrlEx provides a fully Asynchronous and cancellable API that WinHttpGetProxyForUrl does not. WinHttpGetProxyForUrlEx also provides the application with the full proxy list that was returned by the PAC script allowing the application to better handle failover to "DIRECT" and to understand SOCKS if desired.

WinHttpGetProxyForUrlEx always executes asynchronously and returns immediately with ERROR_IO_PENDING on success. The callback is set by calling WinHttpSetStatusCallback on the hSession provided by WinHttpOpen. Alternately call WinHttpSetStatusCallback on the hResolver provided by WinHttpCreateProxyResolver to have a specific callback for each call.

You must call WinHttpSetStatusCallback before WinHttpCreateProxyResolver. When calling WinHttpSetStatusCallback, use WINHTTP_CALLBACK_FLAG_REQUEST_ERROR | WINHTTP_CALLBACK_FLAG_GETPROXYFORURL_COMPLETE. See WINHTTP_STATUS_CALLBACK for information on the use of the callback.

Once a callback of status WINHTTP_CALLBACK_STATUS_GETPROXYFORURL_COMPLETE is returned, the application can call WinHttpGetProxyResult on the resolver handle used to issue WinHttpGetProxyForUrlEx to receive the results of that call.

If the call fails after returning ERROR_IO_PENDING then a callback of WINHTTP_CALLBACK_STATUS_REQUEST_ERROR will be issued.

This function always executes out-of-process.

Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows 8 [desktop apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows Server 2012 [desktop apps only]

Header

Winhttp.h

Library

Winhttp.lib

DLL

Winhttp.dll