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WinJS.UI.IListDataSource interface

Applies to Windows and Windows Phone

Provides access to a data source and enables you to bind, change, add, remove, and move items in that data source.

IListDataSource is an interface. To create an IListDataSource, you create an object that implements this interface. For more info, see the Remarks section.

Members

The IListDataSource interface has these types of members:

Events

The IListDataSource interface has these events.

EventDescription
statuschanged

Occurs when the status of the IListDataSource changes.

 

Methods

The IListDataSource interface has these methods.

MethodDescription
beginEdits

Notifies the IListDataSource that a sequence of edits is about to begin. The IListDataSource will defer notifications until endEdits is called.

change

Overwrites the data of the specified item.

createListBinding

Creates an IListBinding that can retrieve items from the IListDataSource, enumerate the contents of the IListDataSource object's data, and optionally register for change notifications.

endEdits

Notifies the IListDataSource that the batch of edits that began with the last beginEdits call has completed. The IListDataSource will submit notifications for any changes that occurred between the beginEdits and endEdits calls as a batch and resume normal change notifications.

getCount

Retrieves the number of items in the data source.

insertAfter

Inserts a new item after another item.

insertAtEnd

Adds an item to the end of the data source.

insertAtStart

Adds an item to the beginning of the data source.

insertBefore

Inserts an item before another item.

invalidateAll

Indicates that all previous data obtained from the IListDataAdapter is invalid and should be refreshed.

itemFromDescription

Retrieves the item that has the specified description.

itemFromIndex

Retrieves the item at the specified index.

itemFromKey

Retrieves the item with the specified key.

moveAfter

Moves an item to just after another item.

moveBefore

Moves an item before another item.

moveToEnd

Moves an item to the end of the data source.

moveToStart

Moves the specified item to the beginning of the data source.

remove

Removes the specified item from the data source.

 

Remarks

A IListDataSource connects a control (such as a ListView) to an IListDataAdapter. The IListDataSource manipulates the IListDataAdapter, which does the work of actually manipulating and retrieving data.

The Windows Library for JavaScript provides several types of IListDataSource objects that you can use:

  • You can use a List to create an IListDataSource from an array of data by calling the List object's dataSource property.
  • You can use a StorageDataSource to access information about files and directories.

You can also create your own custom data source that connects to some other type of data provider, such as a web service or database. For instructions, see How to create a custom data source.

Examples

This example creates a List ("itemList") from an array of items. Then it uses the WinJS.Namespace.define method to publicly expose the List as a part of the "DataExample" namespace.

For the ListView to access the data, add a reference to the JavaScript file to the HTML page that contains the ListView.


// data.js
(function () {
    "use strict";

    var dataArray = [
    { title: "Basic banana", text: "Low-fat frozen yogurt", picture: "images/60banana.png" },
    { title: "Banana blast", text: "Ice cream", picture: "images/60banana.png" },
    { title: "Brilliant banana", text: "Frozen custard", picture: "images/60banana.png" },
    { title: "Orange surprise", text: "Sherbet", picture: "images/60orange.png" },
    { title: "Original orange", text: "Sherbet", picture: "images/60orange.png" },
    { title: "Vanilla", text: "Ice cream", picture: "images/60vanilla.png" },
    { title: "Very vanilla", text: "Frozen custard", picture: "images/60vanilla.png" },
    { title: "Marvelous mint", text: "Gelato", picture: "images/60mint.png" },
    { title: "Succulent strawberry", text: "Sorbet", picture: "images/60strawberry.png" }
    ];

    var itemList = new WinJS.Binding.List(dataArray);

    // Create a namespace to make the data publicly
    // accessible. 
    var publicMembers =
        {
            itemList: itemList
        };
    WinJS.Namespace.define("DataExample", publicMembers);

})();

The next example creates an item template and a ListView. Because itemList is a List and not an IListDataSource, it uses the itemList object's dataSource property to retrieve an IListDataSource version of the List:

itemDataSource : DataExample.itemList.dataSource

Here's the full code:


<div id="mediumListIconTextTemplate" data-win-control="WinJS.Binding.Template">
    <div style="width: 282px; height: 70px; padding: 5px; overflow: hidden; display: -ms-grid;">

        <!-- Displays the "picture" field. -->
        <img data-win-bind="alt: title; src: picture"
            src="#"
            style="width: 60px; height: 60px; margin: 5px; -ms-grid-column: 1;" />
        <div style="margin: 5px; -ms-grid-column: 2">

            <!-- Displays the "title" field. -->
            <h4 data-win-bind="innerText: title"></h4>

            <!-- Displays the "text" field. -->
            <h6 data-win-bind="innerText: text"></h6>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>

<div id="basicListView" data-win-control="WinJS.UI.ListView"
    data-win-options="{itemDataSource : DataExample.itemList.dataSource, 
    itemTemplate: select('#mediumListIconTextTemplate'),
    layout : {type: WinJS.UI.GridLayout}}">
</div>

For a full walkthrough of the code and more info about creating your first ListView, see Quickstart: Add a ListView.

Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows 8 [Windows Store apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows Server 2012 [Windows Store apps only]

Minimum supported phone

Windows Phone 8.1

Namespace

WinJS.UI

See also

List
StorageDataSource
VirtualizedDataSource
How to create a custom data source
Quickstart: Add a ListView
HTML ListView item templates sample
HTML ListView working with data sources sample