Skip to main content
.NET Framework Class Library
WaitHandleWaitOne Method

Blocks the current thread until the current WaitHandle receives a signal.

Namespace:   System.Threading
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)
Syntax
Public Overridable Function WaitOne As [%$TOPIC/58195swd_en-us_VS_110_2_0_0_0_0%]
public virtual [%$TOPIC/58195swd_en-us_VS_110_2_0_1_0_0%] WaitOne()
public:
virtual [%$TOPIC/58195swd_en-us_VS_110_2_0_2_0_0%] WaitOne()
abstract WaitOne : unit -> [%$TOPIC/58195swd_en-us_VS_110_2_0_3_0_0%]  
override WaitOne : unit -> [%$TOPIC/58195swd_en-us_VS_110_2_0_3_0_1%]

Return Value

Type: SystemBoolean
true if the current instance receives a signal. If the current instance is never signaled, WaitOne never returns.
Exceptions
ExceptionCondition
ObjectDisposedException

The current instance has already been disposed.

AbandonedMutexException

The wait completed because a thread exited without releasing a mutex. This exception is not thrown on Windows 98 or Windows Millennium Edition.

InvalidOperationException

The current instance is a transparent proxy for a WaitHandle in another application domain.

Remarks

AbandonedMutexException is new in the .NET Framework version 2.0. In previous versions, the WaitOne method returns true when a mutex is abandoned. An abandoned mutex often indicates a serious coding error. In the case of a system-wide mutex, it might indicate that an application has been terminated abruptly (for example, by using Windows Task Manager). The exception contains information useful for debugging.

The caller of this method blocks indefinitely until the current instance receives a signal. Use this method to block until a WaitHandle receives a signal from another thread, such as is generated when an asynchronous operation completes. For more information, see the IAsyncResult interface.

Calling this method overload is equivalent to calling the WaitOne(Int32, Boolean) method overload and specifying -1 or TimeoutInfinite for the first parameter and false for the second parameter.

Override this method to customize the behavior of derived classes.

Examples

The following code example shows how to use a wait handle to keep a process from terminating while it waits for a background thread to finish executing.

Imports System
Imports System.Threading

Public Class WaitOne

    Shared autoEvent As New AutoResetEvent(False)

    <MTAThread> _
    Shared Sub Main()
        Console.WriteLine("Main starting.")

        ThreadPool.QueueUserWorkItem(AddressOf WorkMethod, autoEvent)

        ' Wait for work method to signal.
        autoEvent.WaitOne()
        Console.WriteLine("Work method signaled.")
        Console.WriteLine("Main ending.")
    End Sub 

    Shared Sub WorkMethod(stateInfo As Object) 
        Console.WriteLine("Work starting.")

        ' Simulate time spent working.
        Thread.Sleep(New Random().Next(100, 2000))

        ' Signal that work is finished.
        Console.WriteLine("Work ending.")
        CType(stateInfo, AutoResetEvent).Set()
    End Sub 

End Class
using System;
using System.Threading;

class WaitOne
{
    static AutoResetEvent autoEvent = new AutoResetEvent(false);

    static void Main()
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Main starting.");

        ThreadPool.QueueUserWorkItem(
            new WaitCallback(WorkMethod), autoEvent);

        // Wait for work method to signal.
        autoEvent.WaitOne();
        Console.WriteLine("Work method signaled.\nMain ending.");
    }

    static void WorkMethod(object stateInfo) 
    {
        Console.WriteLine("Work starting.");

        // Simulate time spent working.
        Thread.Sleep(new Random().Next(100, 2000));

        // Signal that work is finished.
        Console.WriteLine("Work ending.");
        ((AutoResetEvent)stateInfo).Set();
    }
}
using namespace System;
using namespace System::Threading;
ref class WaitOne
{
private:
   WaitOne(){}


public:
   static void WorkMethod( Object^ stateInfo )
   {
      Console::WriteLine( "Work starting." );

      // Simulate time spent working.
      Thread::Sleep( (gcnew Random)->Next( 100, 2000 ) );

      // Signal that work is finished.
      Console::WriteLine( "Work ending." );
      dynamic_cast<AutoResetEvent^>(stateInfo)->Set();
   }

};

int main()
{
   Console::WriteLine( "Main starting." );
   AutoResetEvent^ autoEvent = gcnew AutoResetEvent( false );
   ThreadPool::QueueUserWorkItem( gcnew WaitCallback( &WaitOne::WorkMethod ), autoEvent );

   // Wait for work method to signal.
   autoEvent->WaitOne(  );
   Console::WriteLine( "Work method signaled.\nMain ending." );
}
Version Information

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Portable Class Library

Supported in: Portable Class Library

.NET for Windows Store apps

Supported in: Windows 8

.NET for Windows Phone apps

Supported in: Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8.1, Windows Phone Silverlight 8
Platforms

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.