Export (0) Print
Expand All

Regex.Split Method (String)

Splits the specified input string at the positions defined by a regular expression pattern specified in the Regex constructor.

Namespace:  System.Text.RegularExpressions
Assembly:  System (in System.dll)

public string[] Split(
	string input
)

Parameters

input
Type: System.String

The string to split.

Return Value

Type: System.String[]
An array of strings.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

input is null.

The Regex.Split(String) method is similar to the String.Split(Char[]) method, except this method splits the string at a delimiter determined by a regular expression instead of a set of characters. The string is split as many times as possible. If no delimiter is found, the return value contains one element whose value is the original input parameter string.

If multiple matches are adjacent to one another, an empty string is inserted into the array. For example, splitting a string on a single hyphen causes the returned array to include an empty string in the position where two adjacent hyphens are found, as the following code shows.

Regex regex = new Regex("-");         // Split on hyphens.
string[] substrings = regex.Split("plum--pear");
foreach (string match in substrings)
{
   Console.WriteLine("'{0}'", match);
}
// The method writes the following to the console: 
//    'plum' 
//    '' 
//    'pear'      

If capturing parentheses are used in a Regex.Split expression, any captured text is included in the resulting string array. For example, splitting the string " plum-pear" on a hyphen placed within capturing parentheses adds a string element that contains the hyphen to the returned array.

Regex regex = new Regex("(-)");         // Split on hyphens.
string[] substrings = regex.Split("plum-pear");
foreach (string match in substrings)
{
   Console.WriteLine("'{0}'", match);
}
// The method writes the following to the console: 
//    'plum' 
//    '-' 
//    'pear'      

However, when the regular expression pattern includes multiple sets of capturing parentheses, the behavior of this method depends on the version of the .NET Framework. In the .NET Framework versions 1.0 and 1.1, if a match is not found within the first set of capturing parentheses, captured text from additional capturing parentheses is not included in the returned array. In the .NET Framework version 2.0, all captured text is also added to the returned array. For example, the following code uses two sets of capturing parentheses to extract the elements of a date, including the date delimiters, from a date string. The first set of capturing parentheses captures the hyphen, while the second set captures the forward slash. If the example code is compiled and run under the .NET Framework 1.0 or 1.1, it excludes the slash characters; if it is compiled and run under the .NET Framework 2.0, it includes them.

string input = @"07/14/2007";   
string pattern = @"(-)|(/)";
Regex regex = new Regex(pattern);
foreach (string result in regex.Split(input)) 
{
   Console.WriteLine("'{0}'", result);
}
// Under .NET 1.0 and 1.1, the method returns an array of 
// 3 elements, as follows: 
//    '07' 
//    '14' 
//    '2007' 
// 
// Under .NET 2.0, the method returns an array of 
// 5 elements, as follows: 
//    '07' 
//    '/' 
//    '14' 
//    '/' 
//    '2007' 

If the regular expression can match the empty string, Split(String) will split the string into an array of single-character strings because the empty string delimiter can be found at every location. For example:

string input = "characters";
Regex regex = new Regex("");
string[] substrings = regex.Split(input);
Console.Write("{");
for(int ctr = 0; ctr < substrings.Length; ctr++)
{
   Console.Write(substrings[ctr]);
   if (ctr < substrings.Length - 1)
      Console.Write(", ");
}
Console.WriteLine("}");
// The example produces the following output:    
//    {, c, h, a, r, a, c, t, e, r, s, }

Note that the returned array also includes an empty string at the beginning and end of the array.

Windows 7, Windows Vista, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP Starter Edition, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2000 SP4, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows 98, Windows CE, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Xbox 360, Zune

The .NET Framework and .NET Compact Framework do not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 3.5, 2.0, 1.0

XNA Framework

Supported in: 3.0, 2.0, 1.0

Community Additions

ADD
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft