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strstr, wcsstr, _mbsstr, _mbsstr_l 

Return a pointer to the first occurrence of a search string in a string.


char *strstr(
   const char *str,
   const char *strSearch 
); // C only
char *strstr(
   char *str,
   const char *strSearch 
); // C++ only
const char *strstr(
   const char *str,
   const char *strSearch 
); // C++ only
wchar_t *wcsstr(
   const wchar_t *str,
   const wchar_t *strSearch 
); // C only
wchar_t *wcsstr(
   wchar_t *str,
   const wchar_t *strSearch 
); // C++ only
const wchar_t *wcsstr(
   const wchar_t *str,
   const wchar_t *strSearch 
); // C++ only
unsigned char *_mbsstr(
   const unsigned char *str,
   const unsigned char *strSearch 
); // C only
unsigned char *_mbsstr(
   unsigned char *str,
   const unsigned char *strSearch 
); // C++ only
const unsigned char *_mbsstr(
   const unsigned char *str,
   const unsigned char *strSearch 
); // C++ only
unsigned char *_mbsstr_l(
   const unsigned char *str,
   const unsigned char *strSearch,
   _locale_t locale
); // C only
unsigned char *_mbsstr_l(
   unsigned char *str,
   const unsigned char *strSearch,
   _locale_t locale
); // C++ only
const unsigned char *_mbsstr_l(
   const unsigned char *str,
   const unsigned char *strSearch,
   _locale_t locale
); // C++ only

Parameters

str

Null-terminated string to search.

strSearch

Null-terminated string to search for.

locale

Locale to use.

Returns a pointer to the first occurrence of strSearch in str, or NULL if strSearch does not appear in str. If strSearch points to a string of zero length, the function returns str.

The strstr function returns a pointer to the first occurrence of strSearch in str. The search does not include terminating null characters. wcsstr and _mbsstr are wide-character and multibyte-character versions of strstr. The arguments and return value of wcsstr are wide-character strings; those of _mbsstr are multibyte-character strings. _mbsstr validates its parameters. If str or strSearch is NULL, the invalid parameter handler is invoked, as described in Parameter Validation . If execution is allowed to continue, _mbsstr sets errno to EINVAL and returns 0. strstr and wcsstr do not validate their parameters. These three functions behave identically otherwise.

Security noteSecurity Note

These functions incur a potential threat brought about by a buffer overrun problem. Buffer overrun problems are a frequent method of system attack, resulting in an unwarranted elevation of privilege. For more information, see Avoiding Buffer Overruns.

In C, these functions take a const pointer for the first argument. In C++, two overloads are available. The overload taking a pointer to const returns a pointer to const; the version that takes a pointer to non-const returns a pointer to non-const. The macro _CONST_CORRECT_OVERLOADS is defined if both the const and non-const versions of these functions are available. If you require the non-const behavior for both C++ overloads, define the symbol _CONST_RETURN.

The output value is affected by the setting of the LC_CTYPE category setting of the locale; for more information, see setlocale. The versions of these functions without the _l suffix use the current locale for this locale-dependent behavior; the versions with the _l suffix are identical except that they use the locale parameter passed in instead.

Generic-Text Routine Mappings
TCHAR.H routine _UNICODE & _MBCS not defined _MBCS defined _UNICODE defined

_tcsstr

strstr

_mbsstr

wcsstr

n/a

n/a

_mbsstr_l

n/a

Routine Required header Compatibility

strstr

<string.h>

ANSI, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 98 Second Edition, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003

wcsstr

<string.h> or <wchar.h>

ANSI, Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 98 Second Edition, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003

_mbsstr, _mbsstr_l

<mbstring.h>

Windows 95, Windows 98, Windows 98 Second Edition, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows NT 4.0, Windows 2000, Windows XP Home Edition, Windows XP Professional, Windows Server 2003

For more information about compatibility, see Compatibility.

// crt_strstr.c

#include <string.h>
#include <stdio.h>

char str[] =    "lazy";
char string[] = "The quick brown dog jumps over the lazy fox";
char fmt1[] =   "         1         2         3         4         5";
char fmt2[] =   "12345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890";

int main( void )
{
   char *pdest;
   int  result;
   printf( "String to be searched:\n   %s\n", string );
   printf( "   %s\n   %s\n\n", fmt1, fmt2 );
   pdest = strstr( string, str );
   result = (int)(pdest - string + 1);
   if ( pdest != NULL )
      printf( "%s found at position %d\n", str, result );
   else
      printf( "%s not found\n", str );
}

Output

String to be searched:
   The quick brown dog jumps over the lazy fox
            1         2         3         4         5
   12345678901234567890123456789012345678901234567890

lazy found at position 36
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