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Navigating DataTables

The DataTableReader obtains the contents of one or more DataTable objects in the form of one or more read-only, forward-only result sets.

A DataTableReader may contain multiple result sets if it is created by using the CreateDataReader method. When there is more than one result set, the NextResult method advances the cursor to the next result set. This is a forward-only process. It is not possible to return to a previous result set.

In the following example, the TestConstructor method creates two DataTable instances. In order to demonstrate this constructor for the DataTableReader class, the sample creates a new DataTableReader based on an array that contains the two DataTables, and performs a simple operation, printing the contents from the first few columns to the console window.

private static void TestConstructor()
{
    // Create two data adapters, one for each of the two 
    // DataTables to be filled.
    DataTable customerDataTable = GetCustomers();
    DataTable productDataTable = GetProducts();

    // Create the new DataTableReader. 
    using (DataTableReader reader = new DataTableReader(
               new DataTable[] { customerDataTable, productDataTable }))
    {
        // Print the contents of each of the result sets. 
        do
        {
            PrintColumns(reader);
        } while (reader.NextResult());
    }

    Console.WriteLine("Press Enter to finish.");
    Console.ReadLine();
}

private static DataTable GetCustomers()
{
    // Create sample Customers table, in order 
    // to demonstrate the behavior of the DataTableReader.
    DataTable table = new DataTable();

    // Create two columns, ID and Name.
    DataColumn idColumn = table.Columns.Add("ID", typeof(int));
    table.Columns.Add("Name", typeof(string ));

    // Set the ID column as the primary key column.
    table.PrimaryKey = new DataColumn[] { idColumn };

    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 1, "Mary" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 2, "Andy" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 3, "Peter" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 4, "Russ" });
    return table;
}

private static DataTable GetProducts()
{
    // Create sample Products table, in order 
    // to demonstrate the behavior of the DataTableReader.
    DataTable table = new DataTable();

    // Create two columns, ID and Name.
    DataColumn idColumn = table.Columns.Add("ID", typeof(int));
    table.Columns.Add("Name", typeof(string ));

    // Set the ID column as the primary key column.
    table.PrimaryKey = new DataColumn[] { idColumn };

    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 1, "Wireless Network Card" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 2, "Hard Drive" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 3, "Monitor" });
    table.Rows.Add(new object[] { 4, "CPU" });
    return table;
}

private static void PrintColumns(DataTableReader reader)
{
    // Loop through all the rows in the DataTableReader 
    while (reader.Read())
    {
        for (int i = 0; i < reader.FieldCount; i++)
        {
            Console.Write(reader[i] + " ");
        }
        Console.WriteLine();
    }
}
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