Export (0) Print
Expand All
abs
Expand Minimize

rotate_copy (STL Samples)

Illustrates how to use the rotate_copy Standard Template Library (STL) function in Visual C++.

template<class ForwardIterator, class OutputIterator> inline 
   OutputIterator rotate_copy( 
      BidirectionalIterator First, 
      BidirectionalIterator Middle, 
      BidirectionalIterator Last, 
      OutputIterator Result 
   )

Note Note

The class/parameter names in the prototype do not match the version in the header file. Some have been modified to improve readability.

The rotate_copy algorithm rotates the elements in the range [First, Last) to the right by n positions (where n = Middle - First), and copies the result into a sequence of the same size, starting at result. It returns an iterator positioned immediately after the last new element in the resulting sequence.

Note Note

The OutputIterator should be different from the sequence to be rotated. If they are the same, the result will depend on the implementation.

// rotate_copy.cpp
// compile with: /EHsc
// Illustrates how to use the rotate_copy function.
//
// Functions:
//    rotate_copy - Rotate a sequence by n positions, copy the
//                  results to another same sized sequence.
//
//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

// disable warning C4786: symbol greater than 255 character,
// okay to ignore
#pragma warning(disable: 4786)

#include <iostream>
#include <vector>
#include <string>
#include <algorithm>
#include <functional>

using namespace std ;

int main()
{
   const int VECTOR_SIZE = 8 ;

   // Define a template class vector of strings
   typedef vector<string> StrVector ;

   //Define an iterator for template class vector of strings
   typedef StrVector::iterator StrVectorIt ;

   StrVector Tongue_Twister(VECTOR_SIZE) ;
   StrVector Rotated_Twister(VECTOR_SIZE) ;

   StrVectorIt start, middle, end, it, RTstart, RTend ;

   // location of first element of Tongue_Twister
   start = Tongue_Twister.begin() ;    

   // one past the location last element of Tongue_Twister
   end = Tongue_Twister.end() ;

   // start position for rotating elements
   middle = start + 3 ;             

   // location of first element of Rotated_Twister
   RTstart = Rotated_Twister.begin() ;

   // one past the location last element of Rotated_Twister
   RTend = Rotated_Twister.end() ;  

   // Initialize vector Tongue_Twister
   Tongue_Twister[0] = "she" ;
   Tongue_Twister[1] = "sells" ;
   Tongue_Twister[2] = "sea" ;
   Tongue_Twister[3] = "shells" ;
   Tongue_Twister[4] = "by";
   Tongue_Twister[5] = "the";
   Tongue_Twister[6] = "sea" ;
   Tongue_Twister[7] = "shore" ;

   cout << "Before calling rotate_copy:" << endl ;

   // print content of Tongue_Twister
   cout << "Try this Tongue Twister:" ;
   for (it = start; it != end; it++)
      cout << " " << *it;
    
   // rotate the items in the vector Tongue_Twist to the right by
   // 3 positions and copy the results to Rotated_Twister
   rotate_copy(start, middle, end, RTstart) ;

   cout << endl << "After calling rotate_copy:" << endl ;

   // print content of Tongue_Twister
   cout << "Tongue_Twister: " ;
   for (it = start; it != end; it++)
      cout << " " << *it;

   // print content of Rotated_Twister
   cout << endl << "Now try the rotated Tongue Twister:" ;
   for (it = RTstart; it != RTend; it++)
      cout << " " << *it;
   cout << endl;
}

Before calling rotate_copy:
Try this Tongue Twister: she sells sea shells by the sea shore
After calling rotate_copy:
Tongue_Twister:  she sells sea shells by the sea shore
Now try the rotated Tongue Twister: shells by the sea shore she sells sea

Header: <algorithm>

Show:
© 2014 Microsoft