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Part Class

Serves as the base class for all Web Parts part controls, which render a modular user interface on a Web Forms page.

Namespace:  System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts
Assembly:  System.Web (in System.Web.dll)

public abstract class Part : Panel, 
	INamingContainer, ICompositeControlDesignerAccessor
<asp:Part />

The Part type exposes the following members.

  NameDescription
Public propertyAccessKeyGets or sets the access key that allows you to quickly navigate to the Web server control. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Protected propertyAdapterGets the browser-specific adapter for the control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyAppRelativeTemplateSourceDirectoryGets or sets the application-relative virtual directory of the Page or UserControl object that contains this control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyAttributesGets the collection of arbitrary attributes (for rendering only) that do not correspond to properties on the control. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyBackColorGets or sets the background color of the Web server control. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyBackImageUrlGets or sets the URL of the background image for the panel control. (Inherited from Panel.)
Public propertyBindingContainerInfrastructure. Gets the control that contains this control's data binding. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyBorderColorGets or sets the border color of the Web control. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyBorderStyleGets or sets the border style of the Web server control. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyBorderWidthGets or sets the border width of the Web server control. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Protected propertyChildControlsCreatedGets a value that indicates whether the server control's child controls have been created. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyChromeStateGets or sets whether a part control is in a minimized or normal state.
Public propertyChromeTypeGets or sets the type of border that frames a Web Parts control.
Public propertyClientIDGets the control ID for HTML markup that is generated by ASP.NET. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyClientIDModeGets or sets the algorithm that is used to generate the value of the ClientID property. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyClientIDSeparatorGets a character value representing the separator character used in the ClientID property. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyContextGets the HttpContext object associated with the server control for the current Web request. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyControlsInfrastructure. Gets a ControlCollection object that contains the child controls for a specified server control in the user interface hierarchy. (Overrides Control.Controls.)
Public propertyControlStyleGets the style of the Web server control. This property is used primarily by control developers. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyControlStyleCreatedGets a value indicating whether a Style object has been created for the ControlStyle property. This property is primarily used by control developers. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyCssClassGets or sets the Cascading Style Sheet (CSS) class rendered by the Web server control on the client. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyDataItemContainerGets a reference to the naming container if the naming container implements IDataItemContainer. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyDataKeysContainerGets a reference to the naming container if the naming container implements IDataKeysControl. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyDefaultButtonGets or sets the identifier for the default button that is contained in the Panel control. (Inherited from Panel.)
Public propertyDescriptionGets or sets a brief phrase that summarizes what the part control does, for use in ToolTips and catalogs of part controls.
Protected propertyDesignModeGets a value indicating whether a control is being used on a design surface. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyDirectionGets or sets the direction in which to display controls that include text in a Panel control. (Inherited from Panel.)
Public propertyEnabledGets or sets a value indicating whether the Web server control is enabled. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyEnableThemingGets or sets a value indicating whether themes apply to this control. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyEnableViewStateGets or sets a value indicating whether the server control persists its view state, and the view state of any child controls it contains, to the requesting client. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyEventsGets a list of event handler delegates for the control. This property is read-only. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyFontGets the font properties associated with the Web server control. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyForeColorGets or sets the foreground color (typically the color of the text) of the Web server control. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyGroupingTextGets or sets the caption for the group of controls that is contained in the panel control. (Inherited from Panel.)
Public propertyHasAttributesGets a value indicating whether the control has attributes set. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Protected propertyHasChildViewStateGets a value indicating whether the current server control's child controls have any saved view-state settings. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyHeightGets or sets the height of the Web server control. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyHorizontalAlignGets or sets the horizontal alignment of the contents within the panel. (Inherited from Panel.)
Public propertyIDGets or sets the programmatic identifier assigned to the server control. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyIdSeparatorInfrastructure. Gets the character used to separate control identifiers. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyIsChildControlStateClearedGets a value indicating whether controls contained within this control have control state. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyIsEnabledGets a value indicating whether the control is enabled. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Protected propertyIsTrackingViewStateGets a value that indicates whether the server control is saving changes to its view state. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyIsViewStateEnabledGets a value indicating whether view state is enabled for this control. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyLoadViewStateByIDGets a value indicating whether the control participates in loading its view state by ID instead of index. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyNamingContainerGets a reference to the server control's naming container, which creates a unique namespace for differentiating between server controls with the same Control.ID property value. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyPageGets a reference to the Page instance that contains the server control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyParentGets a reference to the server control's parent control in the page control hierarchy. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyRenderingCompatibilityGets a value that specifies the ASP.NET version that rendered HTML will be compatible with. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyScrollBarsGets or sets the visibility and position of scroll bars in a Panel control. (Inherited from Panel.)
Public propertySiteGets information about the container that hosts the current control when rendered on a design surface. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertySkinIDGets or sets the skin to apply to the control. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyStyleGets a collection of text attributes that will be rendered as a style attribute on the outer tag of the Web server control. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertySupportsDisabledAttributeGets a value that indicates whether the control should set the disabled attribute of the rendered HTML element to "disabled" when the control's IsEnabled property is false. (Inherited from Panel.)
Public propertyTabIndexGets or sets the tab index of the Web server control. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Protected propertyTagKeyGets the HtmlTextWriterTag value that corresponds to this Web server control. This property is used primarily by control developers. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Protected propertyTagNameGets the name of the control tag. This property is used primarily by control developers. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyTemplateControlGets or sets a reference to the template that contains this control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyTemplateSourceDirectoryGets the virtual directory of the Page or UserControl that contains the current server control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyTitleGets or sets the title of a part control.
Public propertyToolTipGets or sets the text displayed when the mouse pointer hovers over the Web server control. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyUniqueIDGets the unique, hierarchically qualified identifier for the server control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyValidateRequestModeGets or sets a value that indicates whether the control checks client input from the browser for potentially dangerous values. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyViewStateGets a dictionary of state information that allows you to save and restore the view state of a server control across multiple requests for the same page. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected propertyViewStateIgnoresCaseGets a value that indicates whether the StateBag object is case-insensitive. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyViewStateModeGets or sets the view-state mode of this control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyVisibleGets or sets a value that indicates whether a server control is rendered as UI on the page. (Inherited from Control.)
Public propertyWidthGets or sets the width of the Web server control. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public propertyWrapGets or sets a value indicating whether the content wraps within the panel. (Inherited from Panel.)
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  NameDescription
Protected methodAddAttributesToRenderAdds information about the background image, alignment, wrap, and direction to the list of attributes to render. (Inherited from Panel.)
Protected methodAddedControlCalled after a child control is added to the Controls collection of the Control object. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodAddParsedSubObjectNotifies the server control that an element, either XML or HTML, was parsed, and adds the element to the server control's ControlCollection object. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodApplyStyleCopies any nonblank elements of the specified style to the Web control, overwriting any existing style elements of the control. This method is primarily used by control developers. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public methodApplyStyleSheetSkinApplies the style properties defined in the page style sheet to the control. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodBeginRenderTracingBegins design-time tracing of rendering data. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodBuildProfileTreeInfrastructure. Gathers information about the server control and delivers it to the Trace property to be displayed when tracing is enabled for the page. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodClearCachedClientIDInfrastructure. Sets the cached ClientID value to null. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodClearChildControlStateDeletes the control-state information for the server control's child controls. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodClearChildStateDeletes the view-state and control-state information for all the server control's child controls. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodClearChildViewStateDeletes the view-state information for all the server control's child controls. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodClearEffectiveClientIDModeInfrastructure. Sets the ClientIDMode property of the current control instance and of any child controls to Inherit. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodCopyBaseAttributesCopies the properties not encapsulated by the Style object from the specified Web server control to the Web server control that this method is called from. This method is used primarily by control developers. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Protected methodCreateChildControlsCalled by the ASP.NET page framework to notify server controls that use composition-based implementation to create any child controls they contain in preparation for posting back or rendering. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodCreateControlCollectionCreates a new ControlCollection object to hold the child controls (both literal and server) of the server control. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodCreateControlStyleCreates a style object that is used internally by the Panel control to implement all style related properties. (Inherited from Panel.)
Public methodDataBind()Binds a data source to the invoked server control and all its child controls. (Overrides Control.DataBind().)
Protected methodDataBind(Boolean)Binds a data source to the invoked server control and all its child controls with an option to raise the DataBinding event. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodDataBindChildrenBinds a data source to the server control's child controls. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodDisposeEnables a server control to perform final clean up before it is released from memory. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodEndRenderTracingEnds design-time tracing of rendering data. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodEnsureChildControlsDetermines whether the server control contains child controls. If it does not, it creates child controls. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodEnsureIDCreates an identifier for controls that do not have an identifier assigned. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodEquals(Object)Determines whether the specified object is equal to the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodFinalizeAllows an object to try to free resources and perform other cleanup operations before it is reclaimed by garbage collection. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodFindControl(String)Searches the current naming container for a server control with the specified id parameter. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodFindControl(String, Int32)Infrastructure. Searches the current naming container for a server control with the specified id and an integer, specified in the pathOffset parameter, which aids in the search. You should not override this version of the FindControl method. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodFocusSets input focus to a control. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodGetDesignModeStateInfrastructure. Gets design-time data for a control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodGetHashCodeServes as the default hash function. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetRouteUrl(Object)Gets the URL that corresponds to a set of route parameters. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodGetRouteUrl(RouteValueDictionary)Gets the URL that corresponds to a set of route parameters. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodGetRouteUrl(String, Object)Gets the URL that corresponds to a set of route parameters and a route name. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodGetRouteUrl(String, RouteValueDictionary)Gets the URL that corresponds to a set of route parameters and a route name. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodGetTypeGets the Type of the current instance. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodGetUniqueIDRelativeToReturns the prefixed portion of the UniqueID property of the specified control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodHasControlsDetermines if the server control contains any child controls. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodHasEventsReturns a value indicating whether events are registered for the control or any child controls. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodIsLiteralContentInfrastructure. Determines if the server control holds only literal content. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodLoadControlStateRestores control-state information from a previous page request that was saved by the SaveControlState method. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodLoadViewStateRestores view-state information from a previous request that was saved with the SaveViewState method. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Protected methodMapPathSecureRetrieves the physical path that a virtual path, either absolute or relative, maps to. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodMemberwiseCloneCreates a shallow copy of the current Object. (Inherited from Object.)
Public methodMergeStyleCopies any nonblank elements of the specified style to the Web control, but will not overwrite any existing style elements of the control. This method is used primarily by control developers. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Protected methodOnBubbleEventDetermines whether the event for the server control is passed up the page's UI server control hierarchy. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodOnDataBindingRaises the DataBinding event. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodOnInitRaises the Init event. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodOnLoadRaises the Load event. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodOnPreRenderRaises the PreRender event. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodOnUnloadRaises the Unload event. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodOpenFileGets a Stream used to read a file. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodRaiseBubbleEventAssigns any sources of the event and its information to the control's parent. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodRemovedControlCalled after a child control is removed from the Controls collection of the Control object. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodRenderRenders the control to the specified HTML writer. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public methodRenderBeginTagRenders the HTML opening tag of the Panel control to the specified writer. (Inherited from Panel.)
Protected methodRenderChildrenOutputs the content of a server control's children to a provided HtmlTextWriter object, which writes the content to be rendered on the client. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodRenderContentsRenders the contents of the control to the specified writer. This method is used primarily by control developers. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Public methodRenderControl(HtmlTextWriter)Outputs server control content to a provided HtmlTextWriter object and stores tracing information about the control if tracing is enabled. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodRenderControl(HtmlTextWriter, ControlAdapter)Outputs server control content to a provided HtmlTextWriter object using a provided ControlAdapter object. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodRenderEndTagRenders the HTML closing tag of the Panel control into the specified writer. (Inherited from Panel.)
Protected methodResolveAdapterGets the control adapter responsible for rendering the specified control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodResolveClientUrlGets a URL that can be used by the browser. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodResolveUrlConverts a URL into one that is usable on the requesting client. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodSaveControlStateSaves any server control state changes that have occurred since the time the page was posted back to the server. (Inherited from Control.)
Protected methodSaveViewStateSaves any state that was modified after the TrackViewState method was invoked. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Protected methodSetDesignModeStateSets design-time data for a control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodSetRenderMethodDelegateInfrastructure. Assigns an event handler delegate to render the server control and its content into its parent control. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodSetTraceData(Object, Object)Sets trace data for design-time tracing of rendering data, using the trace data key and the trace data value. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodSetTraceData(Object, Object, Object)Sets trace data for design-time tracing of rendering data, using the traced object, the trace data key, and the trace data value. (Inherited from Control.)
Public methodToStringReturns a string that represents the current object. (Inherited from Object.)
Protected methodTrackViewStateCauses the control to track changes to its view state so they can be stored in the object's ViewState property. (Inherited from WebControl.)
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  NameDescription
Public eventDataBindingOccurs when the server control binds to a data source. (Inherited from Control.)
Public eventDisposedOccurs when a server control is released from memory, which is the last stage of the server control lifecycle when an ASP.NET page is requested. (Inherited from Control.)
Public eventInitOccurs when the server control is initialized, which is the first step in its lifecycle. (Inherited from Control.)
Public eventLoadOccurs when the server control is loaded into the Page object. (Inherited from Control.)
Public eventPreRenderOccurs after the Control object is loaded but prior to rendering. (Inherited from Control.)
Public eventUnloadOccurs when the server control is unloaded from memory. (Inherited from Control.)
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  NameDescription
Public Extension MethodEnableDynamicData(Type)Overloaded. Enables Dynamic Data behavior for the specified data control. (Defined by DataControlExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodEnableDynamicData(Type, Object)Overloaded. Enables Dynamic Data behavior for the specified data control. (Defined by DataControlExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodEnableDynamicData(Type, IDictionary<String, Object>)Overloaded. Enables Dynamic Data behavior for the specified data control. (Defined by DataControlExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodFindDataSourceControlReturns the data source that is associated with the data control for the specified control. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodFindFieldTemplateReturns the field template for the specified column in the specified control's naming container. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodFindMetaTableReturns the metatable object for the containing data control. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodGetDefaultValuesGets the collection of the default values for the specified data control. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodGetMetaTableGets the table metadata for the specified data control. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodSetMetaTable(MetaTable)Overloaded. Sets the table metadata for the specified data control. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodSetMetaTable(MetaTable, IDictionary<String, Object>)Overloaded. Sets the table metadata and default value mapping for the specified data control. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodSetMetaTable(MetaTable, Object)Overloaded. Sets the table metadata and default value mapping for the specified data control. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
Public Extension MethodTryGetMetaTableDetermines whether table metadata is available. (Defined by DynamicDataExtensions.)
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  NameDescription
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIAttributeAccessor.GetAttributeInfrastructure. Gets an attribute of the Web control with the specified name. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIAttributeAccessor.SetAttributeSets an attribute of the Web control to the specified name and value. (Inherited from WebControl.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodICompositeControlDesignerAccessor.RecreateChildControlsAllows the developer of a designer for a composite part control to recreate the control's child controls on the design surface.
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyIControlBuilderAccessor.ControlBuilderFor a description of this member, see IControlBuilderAccessor.ControlBuilder. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIControlDesignerAccessor.GetDesignModeStateFor a description of this member, see IControlDesignerAccessor.GetDesignModeState. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIControlDesignerAccessor.SetDesignModeStateFor a description of this member, see IControlDesignerAccessor.SetDesignModeState. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIControlDesignerAccessor.SetOwnerControlInfrastructure. For a description of this member, see IControlDesignerAccessor.SetOwnerControl. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyIControlDesignerAccessor.UserDataFor a description of this member, see IControlDesignerAccessor.UserData. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyIDataBindingsAccessor.DataBindingsFor a description of this member, see IDataBindingsAccessor.DataBindings. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyIDataBindingsAccessor.HasDataBindingsFor a description of this member, see IDataBindingsAccessor.HasDataBindings. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyIExpressionsAccessor.ExpressionsFor a description of this member, see IExpressionsAccessor.Expressions. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate propertyIExpressionsAccessor.HasExpressionsFor a description of this member, see IExpressionsAccessor.HasExpressions. (Inherited from Control.)
Explicit interface implemetationPrivate methodIParserAccessor.AddParsedSubObjectFor a description of this member, see IParserAccessor.AddParsedSubObject. (Inherited from Control.)
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The Part class defines properties that are common to all part controls and enable them to have a modular and consistent appearance on a Web page. These common properties include a title, a description, and characteristics of the chrome or frame that surrounds a part control.

The Title property specifies a title for the part control. The Description property is used to summarize the part control's purpose, and appears as a ToolTip in the title bar of the control. The ChromeType property dictates what kind of border is rendered around a part control, while the ChromeState property indicates whether a part control is rendered normally, or minimized. The border of a part control is affected by the properties of the zone that contains it; for example, the PartChromeType property affects the frames of all part controls contained in a zone.

One type of part control is the WebPart control, which renders content inside a corresponding zone. Another type is the EditorPart control, which provides user interface (UI) controls used to modify (personalize) individual WebPart controls. A third type of part control is the CatalogPart control, which provides a list of WebPart controls that users can add to or remove from a Web page.

Part controls are contained in zones, all of which derive from the abstract WebZone class. A zone is responsible for organizing the part controls it contains. Each zone also renders UI elements for itself, including a header, a footer, a title bar, and UI elements around each contained part control, such as borders.

NoteNote

While part controls usually reside in zones, it is possible to place a part control outside a zone, if the control is referenced declaratively in the markup of a Web page. If a part control is declared outside a zone on a Web page, the control still works, but loses most of its Web Parts functionality. For example, the control cannot be edited, and cannot be dragged into a zone at run time. It is also helpful to remember that no part control can be dragged from a zone and dropped onto a page outside of a zone at run time.

Some examples of base part types, and their corresponding zone types, are shown in the following table.

The various kinds of part controls that derive from the Part class handle the inherited, UI-oriented properties differently. WebPart controls override several of the inherited UI properties, and mark them with the Personalizable attribute (for details, see the PersonalizableAttribute class documentation), which enables the values of those properties to be saved for future browser sessions, a feature known as personalization. For example, if you programmatically enable a user to update the value of a WebPart control's Title property at run time, that value will be personalized (assuming that personalization is enabled, which is the default). Several UI properties that WebPart controls inherit from the Part class, and from the WebControl class, are handled the same way.

In contrast, other part controls, such as EditorPart and CatalogPart, do not enable the inherited UI properties to be personalized. For this reason, programmatically assigned property values are not saved for future browser sessions. For example, if you programmatically enable a user to update a PropertyGridEditorPart control's Title property at run time, the updated value is lost after the control is closed or the browser session ends.

An easy way to save the values on such inherited UI properties for EditorPart and CatalogPart controls for future browser sessions is to declare the property values in page persistence format. However, this is a static approach and still does not allow users to personalize the property values. As an alternative, if you want to enable programmatic updates to the inherited UI properties so users can personalize them at run time, you can use private, static variables to save the property values. Each time a new instance of an EditorPart or CatalogPart control is created (for example, in the method that handles the control's Init event), you can reassign a static variable's value to a corresponding property. Such an approach gives users the ability to personalize the editing UI and catalog UI of a Web Parts application.

Notes to Inheritors

Normally, you should not inherit directly from the Part class to develop custom Web Parts controls. To provide full Web Parts functionality, the Web Parts control set requires the classes derived from the Part class, namely WebPart, EditorPart, and CatalogPart, so you should derive from them to develop custom controls. However, it is still important to understand the behavior of the base Part class, because it provides a common set of properties used by all other part classes.

The following code examples demonstrate declarative use of several properties of the Part class, by using two instances of a custom WebPart control referenced in an ASP.NET Web page. For the code example to run, you must compile this source code. You can compile it explicitly and put the resulting assembly in your Web site's Bin folder or the global assembly cache. Alternatively, you can put the source code in your site's App_Code folder, where it will be dynamically compiled at run time. For a walkthrough that demonstrates both methods of compiling, see Walkthrough: Developing and Using a Custom Web Server Control.

The first part of the example contains the code for the custom control, named TextDisplayWebPart. Because the control derives from WebPart, it also inherits the common properties that the Part class provides, and illustrates the use of those properties in this code example.

using System;
using System.Security.Permissions;
using System.Web;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls;
using System.Web.UI.WebControls.WebParts;

namespace Samples.AspNet.CS.Controls
{
  [AspNetHostingPermission(SecurityAction.Demand, 
    Level=AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
  [AspNetHostingPermission(SecurityAction.InheritanceDemand, 
    Level=AspNetHostingPermissionLevel.Minimal)]
  public class TextDisplayWebPart : WebPart
  {
    private String _contentText = null;
    TextBox input;
    Label DisplayContent;
    const string _subTitle = "Contoso, Ltd";

    public TextDisplayWebPart()
    {
      this.AllowClose = false;
    }

    [
      Personalizable(PersonalizationScope.User, true),
      WebBrowsable()
    ]
    public String ContentText
    {
      get { return _contentText; }
      set { _contentText = value; }
    }

    protected override void CreateChildControls()
    {
      Controls.Clear();
      DisplayContent = new Label();
      DisplayContent.BackColor = 
        System.Drawing.Color.LightBlue;
      DisplayContent.Text = this.ContentText;
      this.Controls.Add(DisplayContent);
      input = new TextBox();
      this.Controls.Add(input);
      Button update = new Button();
      update.Text = "Set Label Content";
      update.Click += new EventHandler(this.submit_Click);
      this.Controls.Add(update);
      ChildControlsCreated = true;
    }

    private void submit_Click(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
      // Update the label string. 
      if (input.Text != String.Empty)
      {
        this.ContentText = Page.Server.HtmlEncode(input.Text) + @"<br />";
        // Clear the input textbox.
        input.Text = String.Empty;
        DisplayContent.Text = this.ContentText;
      }
    }
  }
}

The second part of the example shows how to reference the custom part controls in an ASP.NET Web page. Notice that the various Part properties are assigned declaratively to the custom control instances. Compare the declarative code that references the two instances on the page, and then load the page in a browser. Note how the various properties affect the appearance of the controls. For example, after you load the page in a browser, the second instance of the TextDisplayWebPart control appears minimized, because its ChromeState property value is set to Minimized.

<%@ page language="C#" %>
<%@ register tagprefix="aspSample" 
             Namespace="Samples.AspNet.CS.Controls" 
             Assembly="TextDisplayWebPartCS" %>

<!DOCTYPE html PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD XHTML 1.0 Transitional//EN"
    "http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/DTD/xhtml1-transitional.dtd">
<html xmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml" >
<head id="Head1" runat="server">
    <title>ASP.NET Example</title>
</head>
<body>
  <form id="Form1" runat="server">
    <asp:webpartmanager id="WebPartManager1" runat="server" />
    <asp:webpartzone
      id="WebPartZone1"
      runat="server"
      backcolor="#99cccc">
        <parttitlestyle font-bold="true" forecolor="#ffffff" />
        <partstyle
          borderwidth="1px" 
          borderstyle="Solid" 
          bordercolor="#81AAF2" />
        <zonetemplate>
          <aspSample:TextDisplayWebPart 
            runat="server"   
            id="textwebpart" 
            title = "Text Content WebPart" 
            Description="A text content WebPart control."
            ChromeType="TitleAndBorder"
            width="350px" />
        </zonetemplate>
    </asp:webpartzone>
    <asp:webpartzone
      id="WebPartZone2"
      runat="server"
      backcolor="#99cccc">
        <parttitlestyle font-bold="true" forecolor="#ffffff" />
        <partstyle
          borderwidth="1px" 
          borderstyle="Solid" 
          bordercolor="#81AAF2" />
        <zonetemplate>
          <aspSample:TextDisplayWebPart 
            runat="server"   
            id="textwebpart2" 
            title = "Text Content WebPart 2" 
            Description="A text content WebPart control."
            ChromeType="TitleOnly"
            ChromeState="Minimized"
            width="350px" />
        </zonetemplate>
    </asp:webpartzone>
  </form>
</body>
</html>

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.2, 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Any public static (Shared in Visual Basic) members of this type are thread safe. Any instance members are not guaranteed to be thread safe.
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