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DataColumn Constructor (String, Type, String, MappingType)

Initializes a new instance of the DataColumn class using the specified name, data type, expression, and value that determines whether the column is an attribute.

Namespace:  System.Data
Assembly:  System.Data (in System.Data.dll)
public DataColumn(
	string columnName,
	Type dataType,
	string expr,
	MappingType type
)

Parameters

columnName
Type: System.String

A string that represents the name of the column to be created. If set to null or an empty string (""), a default name will be specified when added to the columns collection.

dataType
Type: System.Type

A supported DataType.

expr
Type: System.String

The expression used to create this column. For more information, see the Expression property.

type
Type: System.Data.MappingType

One of the MappingType values.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

No dataType was specified.

The type argument sets the ColumnMapping property. The property specifies how a DataColumn is mapped when a DataSet is transformed into an XML document. For example, if the column is named "fName," and the value it contains is "Bob," and type is set to MappingType.Attribute, the XML element would be as follows:

<Name fName = 'Bob'/>

For more information about how columns are mapped to elements or attributes, see the ColumnMapping property.

The following example constructs a computed column.

private void CreateComputedColumn(DataTable table)
{
    System.Type myDataType = 
        System.Type.GetType("System.Decimal");

    // The expression multiplies the "Price" column value  
    // by the "Quantity" to create the "Total" column.
    string expression = "Price * Quantity";

    // Create the column, setting the type to Attribute.
    DataColumn column = new DataColumn("Total", myDataType, 
        expression, MappingType.Attribute);

    // Set various properties.
    column.AutoIncrement = false;
    column.ReadOnly = true;

    // Add the column to a DataTable object's to DataColumnCollection.
    DataSet1.Tables["OrderDetails"].Columns.Add(column);
}

.NET Framework

Supported in: 4.5.1, 4.5, 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8, Windows 8.1, Windows Server 2012 R2, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core Role not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core Role supported with SP1 or later; Itanium not supported)

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

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