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realloc

Reallocate memory blocks.

void *realloc(
   void *memblock,
   size_t size 
);

Parameters

memblock
Pointer to previously allocated memory block.
size
New size in bytes.

Return Value

realloc returns a void pointer to the reallocated (and possibly moved) memory block. The return value is NULL if the size is zero and the buffer argument is not NULL, or if there is not enough available memory to expand the block to the given size. In the first case, the original block is freed. In the second, the original block is unchanged. The return value points to a storage space that is guaranteed to be suitably aligned for storage of any type of object. To get a pointer to a type other than void, use a type cast on the return value.

Remarks

The realloc function changes the size of an allocated memory block. The memblock argument points to the beginning of the memory block. If memblock is NULL, realloc behaves the same way as malloc and allocates a new block of size bytes. If memblock is not NULL, it should be a pointer returned by a previous call to calloc, malloc, or realloc.

The size argument gives the new size of the block, in bytes. The contents of the block are unchanged up to the shorter of the new and old sizes, although the new block can be in a different location. Because the new block can be in a new memory location, the pointer returned by realloc is not guaranteed to be the pointer passed through the memblock argument.

realloc calls malloc in order to use the C++ _set_new_mode function to set the new handler mode. The new handler mode indicates whether, on failure, malloc is to call the new handler routine as set by _set_new_handler. By default, malloc does not call the new handler routine on failure to allocate memory. You can override this default behavior so that, when realloc fails to allocate memory, malloc calls the new handler routine in the same way that the new operator does when it fails for the same reason. To override the default, call

_set_new_mode(1)

early in your program, or link with NEWMODE.OBJ.

When the application is linked with a debug version of the C run-time libraries, realloc resolves to _realloc_dbg. For more information about how the heap is managed during the debugging process, see The CRT Debug Heap.

Requirements

Routine Required header Compatibility
realloc <stdlib.h> and <malloc.h> ANSI, Win 98, Win Me, Win NT, Win 2000, Win XP

For additional compatibility information, see Compatibility in the Introduction.

Libraries

All versions of the C run-time libraries.

Example

// crt_realloc.c
/* This program allocates a block of memory for
 * buffer and then uses _msize to display the size of that
 * block. Next, it uses realloc to expand the amount of
 * memory used by buffer and then calls _msize again to
 * display the new amount of memory allocated to buffer.
 */

#include <stdio.h>
#include <malloc.h>
#include <stdlib.h>

int main( void )
{
   long *buffer;
   size_t size;

   if( (buffer = (long *)malloc( 1000 * sizeof( long ) )) == NULL )
      exit( 1 );

   size = _msize( buffer );
   printf( "Size of block after malloc of 1000 longs: %u\n", size );

   /* Reallocate and show new size: */
   if( (buffer = realloc( buffer, size + (1000 * sizeof( long )) )) 
        ==  NULL )
      exit( 1 );
   size = _msize( buffer );
   printf( "Size of block after realloc of 1000 more longs: %u\n", 
            size );

   free( buffer );
   exit( 0 );
}

Output

Size of block after malloc of 1000 longs: 4000
Size of block after realloc of 1000 more longs: 8000

See Also

Memory Allocation Routines | calloc | free | malloc | Run-Time Routines and .NET Framework Equivalents

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