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Compiler Warning (Level 1) CS1690

Updated: September 2008

Accessing a member on 'member' may cause a runtime exception because it is a field of a marshal-by-reference class

This warning occurs when you try to call a method, property, or indexer on a member of a class that derives from MarshalByRefObject, and the member is a value type. Objects that inherit from MarshalByRefObject are typically intended to be marshaled by reference across an application domain. If any code ever attempts to directly access the value-type member of such an object across an application domain, a runtime exception will occur. To resolve the warning, first copy the member into a local variable and call the method on that variable.

The following sample generates CS1690:

// CS1690.cs
using System;

class WarningCS1690: MarshalByRefObject
{
   int i = 5;

   public static void Main() 
   {
     WarningCS1690 e = new WarningCS1690();
     e.i.ToString();   // CS1690

     // OK
     int i = e.i;
     i.ToString();
     e.i = i;
   }
}

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September 2008

Clarified and updated text.

Customer feedback.

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