Export (0) Print
Expand All

UTF32Encoding.GetCharCount Method (Byte[], Int32, Int32)

Calculates the number of characters produced by decoding a sequence of bytes from the specified byte array.

Namespace:  System.Text
Assembly:  mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public override int GetCharCount(
	byte[] bytes,
	int index,
	int count
)

Parameters

bytes
Type: System.Byte[]
The byte array containing the sequence of bytes to decode.
index
Type: System.Int32
The index of the first byte to decode.
count
Type: System.Int32
The number of bytes to decode.

Return Value

Type: System.Int32
The number of characters produced by decoding the specified sequence of bytes.

ExceptionCondition
ArgumentNullException

bytes is null.

ArgumentOutOfRangeException

index or count is less than zero.

-or-

index and count do not denote a valid range in bytes.

-or-

The resulting number of bytes is greater than the maximum number that can be returned as an integer.

ArgumentException

Error detection is enabled, and bytes contains an invalid sequence of bytes.

DecoderFallbackException

A fallback occurred (see Character Encoding in the .NET Framework for complete explanation)

-and-

DecoderFallback is set to DecoderExceptionFallback.

To calculate the exact array size required by GetChars to store the resulting characters, the application uses GetCharCount. To calculate the maximum array size, the application should use GetMaxCharCount. The GetCharCount method generally allows allocation of less memory, while the GetMaxCharCount method generally executes faster.

With error detection, an invalid sequence causes this method to throw a ArgumentException. Without error detection, invalid sequences are ignored, and no exception is thrown.

The following code example encodes a string into an array of bytes, and then decodes the bytes into an array of characters.


using System;
using System.Text;

public class SamplesUTF32Encoding  {

   public static void Main()  {

      // Create two instances of UTF32Encoding: one with little-endian byte order and one with big-endian byte order.
      UTF32Encoding u32LE = new UTF32Encoding( false, true, true );
      UTF32Encoding u32BE = new UTF32Encoding( true, true, true );


      // Create byte arrays from the same string containing the following characters:
      //    Latin Small Letter Z (U+007A)
      //    Latin Small Letter A (U+0061)
      //    Combining Breve (U+0306)
      //    Latin Small Letter AE With Acute (U+01FD)
      //    Greek Small Letter Beta (U+03B2)
      //    a high-surrogate value (U+D8FF)
      //    a low-surrogate value (U+DCFF)
      String myStr = "za\u0306\u01FD\u03B2\uD8FF\uDCFF";

      // barrBE uses the big-endian byte order.
      byte[] barrBE = new byte[u32BE.GetByteCount( myStr )];
      u32BE.GetBytes( myStr, 0, myStr.Length, barrBE, 0 );

      // barrLE uses the little-endian byte order.
      byte[] barrLE = new byte[u32LE.GetByteCount( myStr )];
      u32LE.GetBytes( myStr, 0, myStr.Length, barrLE, 0 );


      // Get the char counts and decode the byte arrays.
      Console.Write( "BE array with BE encoding : " );
      PrintCountsAndChars( barrBE, u32BE );
      Console.Write( "LE array with LE encoding : " );
      PrintCountsAndChars( barrLE, u32LE );


      // Decode the byte arrays using an encoding with a different byte order.
      Console.Write( "BE array with LE encoding : " );
      try  {
         PrintCountsAndChars( barrBE, u32LE );
      }
      catch ( System.ArgumentException e )  {
         Console.WriteLine( e.Message );
      }

      Console.Write( "LE array with BE encoding : " );
      try  {
         PrintCountsAndChars( barrLE, u32BE );
      }
      catch ( System.ArgumentException e )  {
         Console.WriteLine( e.Message );
      }

   }


   public static void PrintCountsAndChars( byte[] bytes, Encoding enc )  {

      // Display the name of the encoding used.
      Console.Write( "{0,-25} :", enc.ToString() );

      // Display the exact character count.
      int iCC  = enc.GetCharCount( bytes );
      Console.Write( " {0,-3}", iCC );

      // Display the maximum character count.
      int iMCC = enc.GetMaxCharCount( bytes.Length );
      Console.Write( " {0,-3} :", iMCC );

      // Decode the bytes and display the characters.
      char[] chars = new char[iCC];
      enc.GetChars( bytes, 0, bytes.Length, chars, 0 );
      Console.WriteLine( chars );

   }

}



.NET Framework

Supported in: 4, 3.5, 3.0, 2.0

.NET Framework Client Profile

Supported in: 4, 3.5 SP1

Windows 7, Windows Vista SP1 or later, Windows XP SP3, Windows XP SP2 x64 Edition, Windows Server 2008 (Server Core not supported), Windows Server 2008 R2 (Server Core supported with SP1 or later), Windows Server 2003 SP2

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see .NET Framework System Requirements.

Community Additions

ADD
Show:
© 2014 Microsoft