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File.CreateText Method

Creates or opens a file for writing UTF-8 encoded text.

Namespace: System.IO
Assembly: mscorlib (in mscorlib.dll)

public static StreamWriter CreateText (
	string path
)
public static StreamWriter CreateText (
	String path
)
public static function CreateText (
	path : String
) : StreamWriter

Parameters

path

The file to be opened for writing.

Return Value

A StreamWriter that writes to the specified file using UTF-8 encoding.

Exception typeCondition

UnauthorizedAccessException

The caller does not have the required permission.

ArgumentException

path is a zero-length string, contains only white space, or contains one or more invalid characters as defined by InvalidPathChars.

ArgumentNullException

path is a null reference (Nothing in Visual Basic).

PathTooLongException

The specified path, file name, or both exceed the system-defined maximum length. For example, on Windows-based platforms, paths must be less than 248 characters, and file names must be less than 260 characters.

DirectoryNotFoundException

The specified path is invalid (for example, it is on an unmapped drive).

NotSupportedException

path is in an invalid format.

This method is equivalent to the StreamWriter(String,Boolean) constructor overload with the append parameter set to false. If the file specified by path does not exist, it is created. If the file does exist, its contents are overwritten. Additional threads are permitted to read the file while it is open.

The path parameter is permitted to specify relative or absolute path information. Relative path information is interpreted as relative to the current working directory. To obtain the current working directory, see GetCurrentDirectory.

For an example of using this method, see the Example section. The following table lists examples of other typical or related I/O tasks.

To do this...

See the example in this topic...

Write to a text file.

How to: Write Text to a File

Read from a text file.

How to: Read Text from a File

Append text to a file.

How to: Open and Append to a Log File

File.AppendText

FileInfo.AppendText

Copy a file.

File.Copy

FileInfo.CopyTo

Rename or move a file.

File.Move

FileInfo.MoveTo

Delete a file.

File.Delete

FileInfo.Delete

Read from a binary file.

How to: Read and Write to a Newly Created Data File

Write to a binary file.

How to: Read and Write to a Newly Created Data File

Create a directory.

CreateDirectory

Directory

The following example creates a file for text writing and reading.

using System;
using System.IO;

class Test 
{
    public static void Main() 
    {
        string path = @"c:\temp\MyTest.txt";
        if (!File.Exists(path)) 
        {
            // Create a file to write to.
            using (StreamWriter sw = File.CreateText(path)) 
            {
                sw.WriteLine("Hello");
                sw.WriteLine("And");
                sw.WriteLine("Welcome");
            }	
        }

        // Open the file to read from.
        using (StreamReader sr = File.OpenText(path)) 
        {
            string s = "";
            while ((s = sr.ReadLine()) != null) 
            {
                Console.WriteLine(s);
            }
        }
    }
}

import System.*;
import System.IO.*;

class Test
{
    public static void main(String[] args)
    {
        String path = "c:\\temp\\MyTest.txt";

        if (!(File.Exists(path))) {
            // Create a file to write to.
            StreamWriter sw = File.CreateText(path);
            try {
                sw.WriteLine("Hello");
                sw.WriteLine("And");
                sw.WriteLine("Welcome");
            }
            finally {
                sw.Dispose();
            }
        }
        // Open the file to read from.
        StreamReader sr = File.OpenText(path);
        try {
            String s = "";
            while ((s = sr.ReadLine()) != null) {
                Console.WriteLine(s);
            }
        }
        finally {
            sr.Dispose();
        }
        
    } //main
} //Test

Windows 98, Windows 2000 SP4, Windows CE, Windows Millennium Edition, Windows Mobile for Pocket PC, Windows Mobile for Smartphone, Windows Server 2003, Windows XP Media Center Edition, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Windows XP SP2, Windows XP Starter Edition

The .NET Framework does not support all versions of every platform. For a list of the supported versions, see System Requirements.

.NET Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.1, 1.0

.NET Compact Framework

Supported in: 2.0, 1.0

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