Event tracing

You can use Event Tracing for Windows (ETW) or the Windows software trace preprocessor (WPP) to trace the operations in your HID over I2C device driver. For more information about ETW, see the Event Tracing topic in the Windows Development Reference. For more information about WPP, see the WPP Software Tracing topic in the Tools for Software Tracing section of MSDN.

Using the WPP recorder

The WPP Recorder, that is enabled by default for all drivers, lets you view trace output from the HIDI2C driver to a kernel debugger. The following command displays WPP trace messages for HIDI2C.

!rcdrkd.rcdrlogdump hidi2c

The WPP Recorder stores these trace messages in a fixed-size circular buffer. As a result, the output may not contain the entire trace log.

Using logman.exe

For more verbose and controllable traces, you can use logman.exe to capture traces. The following commands capture WPP traces for HIDI2C:

Logman create trace -n HIDI2C_WPP -o HIDI2C_WPP.etl -nb 128 640 -bs 128 
Logman update trace -n HIDI2C_WPP -p {E742C27D-29B1-4E4B-94EE-074D3AD72836} 0x7FFFFFFF 255
Logman start –n HIDI2C_WPP
 
<RUN your SCENARIO here>

Logman stop -n HIDI2C_WPP
Logman delete -n HIDI2C_WPP

You can parse the resulting trace log file into text using either the PDB or TMF files for HIDI2C.

Enabling ETW tracing

The HIDI2C driver logs ETW events for specific events. These events are logged in the Event Viewer logs.

You can also view these events using the following logman.exe commands:

Logman create trace -n HIDI2C_ETW -o HIDI2C_ETW.etl -nb 128 640 -bs 128 
Logman update trace -n HIDI2C_ETW -p Microsoft-Windows-SPB-HIDI2C 
Logman start –n HIDI2C_ETW
 
<RUN your SCENARIO here>

Logman stop -n HIDI2C_ETW
Logman delete -n HIDI2C_ETW

The resulting trace log can parsed with tools like Xperf or Windows Performance Analyzer (WPA).

 

 

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