PoFxActivateComponent routine

The PoFxActivateComponent routine increments the activation reference count on the specified component.

Syntax


VOID PoFxActivateComponent(
  _In_  POHANDLE Handle,
  _In_  ULONG Component,
  _In_  ULONG Flags
);

Parameters

Handle [in]

A handle that represents the registration of the device with the power management framework (PoFx). The device driver previously received this handle from the PoFxRegisterDevice routine.

Component [in]

The index that identifies the component. This parameter is an index into the Components array in the PO_FX_DEVICE structure that the device driver used to register the device with PoFx. If the Components array contains N elements, component indexes range from 0 to N–1.

Flags [in]

The flags for the activation operation. Set this member to zero or to one of the following flag PO_FX_FLAG_XXX bits:

  • PO_FX_FLAG_BLOCKING
  • PO_FX_FLAG_ASYNC_ONLY

These two flag bits are mutually exclusive. For more information, see Remarks.

Return value

None.

Remarks

Before a device driver can access a component in a device, the driver must first call PoFxActivateComponent to obtain an activation reference to the component. If the component is not already in the active condition, this call initiates a transition from the idle condition to the active condition. When this transition completes, PoFx calls the driver's ComponentActiveConditionCallback routine to notify the driver. The driver can access the hardware registers in a component only when the component is in the active condition.

If the component is already in the active condition when PoFxActivateComponent is called, no transition is required, and the ComponentActiveConditionCallback routine is not called.

After a component enters the active condition, it remains in the active condition for as long as the driver holds one or more activation references on the component. To release an activation reference, the driver calls the PoFxIdleComponent routine. When the driver releases the last activation reference on a component, PoFxIdleComponent initiates a transition from the active condition to the idle condition. A component that is in the idle condition can potentially enter a low-power Fx state.

If Flags = PO_FX_FLAG_BLOCKING, the PoFxActivateComponent call is synchronous. If the component is already in the active condition, the call increments the activation reference count and returns without waiting. Otherwise, PoFxActivateComponent waits to return until the component completes the transition to the active condition. In this case, if the component is not already in the F0 state when the call occurs, PoFxActivateComponent calls the driver's ComponentIdleStateCallback routine to initiate the transition to F0. After the component enters the F0 state, PoFxActivateComponent calls the driver's ComponentActiveConditionCallback routine to inform the driver that the component is in the active condition. These callbacks occur in the same thread as the call to PoFxActivateComponent, and PoFxActivateComponent returns only after the ComponentActiveConditionCallback callback returns.

If Flags = PO_FX_FLAG_ASYNC_ONLY, the PoFxActivateComponent call is asynchronous. If the component is already in the active condition, the call increments the activation reference count and returns. Otherwise, PoFxActivateComponent schedules the ComponentIdleStateCallback (if necessary) and ComponentActiveConditionCallback callbacks to occur in another thread, and then returns without waiting for either callback to occur. The callbacks can occur before or after PoFxActivateComponent returns. The driver relies on the ComponentActiveConditionCallback callback to determine when the component completes the transition to the active condition.

The driver can set Flags = 0 to indicate that it does not care whether the PoFxActivateComponent call is synchronous or asynchronous. In this case, PoFx decides whether to make the call synchronous or asynchronous.

Two or more code paths in the same driver might need to concurrently access a particular component. The PoFxActivateComponent and PoFxIdleComponent routines use activation reference counts to enable the various parts of the driver to independently maintain access to the component without requiring the driver to centrally manage access to the component.

PoFx maintains an activation reference count for each component in a device. A PoFxActivateComponent call increments this count by one, and a PoFxIdleComponent call decrements the count by one. When the count is nonzero, the component either is in the active condition or is in the process of switching to the active condition. A component that has a count of zero either is in the idle condition or is in the process of switching to the idle condition.

When a PoFxActivateComponent call causes the activation reference count to increment from 0 to 1, PoFxActivateComponent initiates a transition from the idle condition to the active condition. When a PoFxIdleComponent call causes the count to decrement from 1 to 0, PoFxIdleComponent initiates a transition from the active condition to the idle condition.

PoFx notifies the driver when a transition between the active condition and idle condition occurs. A ComponentActiveConditionCallback callback notifies the driver of a transition to the active condition, and a ComponentIdleConditionCallback callback notifies the driver of a transition to the idle condition. When a PoFxActivateComponent or PoFxIdleComponent call simply increments or decrements the activation reference count without causing such a transition, the driver receives no notification.

Requirements

Version

Available starting with Windows 8.

Header

Wdm.h

DLL

Ntoskrnl.exe

IRQL

<= DISPATCH_LEVEL

See also

ComponentActiveConditionCallback
ComponentIdleStateCallback
PO_FX_DEVICE
PO_FX_FLAG_XXX
PoFxIdleComponent
PoFxRegisterDevice

 

 

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