Reporting Power Management Capabilities

Miniport drivers that support NDIS 6.20 and later versions of NDIS report their hardware power management capabilities during initialization. NDIS reports the current capabilities to overlying NDIS protocol drivers during the bind operation. However, NDIS can hide some capabilities from the protocol driver. For example, NDIS might report different capabilities when a user disables some or all of the power management capabilities.

Note that the current power management capabilities that NDIS reports to a protocol driver are not necessarily the same as the hardware capabilities that the miniport driver reported to NDIS.

If an NDIS 6.1 or earlier miniport driver is bound to an NDIS 6.20 protocol driver, NDIS translates the power management capabilities to a format that is supported by the NDIS 6.20 protocol driver. NDIS also translates power management capabilities that an NDIS 6.20 miniport driver reports into a format that is supported by the NDIS 6.1 and earlier overlying drivers.

The hardware capabilities that a miniport driver reports can be enabled or disabled in INF file settings. For more information about power management INF file settings, see Standardized INF Keywords for Power Management.

During miniport initialization, a miniport driver initializes an NDIS_PM_CAPABILITIES structure with the power management capabilities of the underlying hardware. The miniport driver sets the PowerManagementCapabilitiesEx member of the NDIS_MINIPORT_ADAPTER_GENERAL_ATTRIBUTES structure to point to the NDIS_PM_CAPABILITIES structure.

The NDIS_PM_CAPABILITIES structure includes the following information:

Flags

For NDIS 6.20, this member is reserved for NDIS.

Starting with NDIS 6.30, the following flags are defined:

NDIS_PM_WAKE_PACKET_INDICATION_SUPPORTED

If this flag is set, the network adapter can save the received packet that caused the adapter to generate a wake-up event.

For more information about this power management capability, see NDIS Wake Reason Status Indications.

NDIS_PM_SELECTIVE_SUSPEND_SUPPORTED

If this flag is set, the miniport driver supports NDIS selective suspend for network adapters.

For more information about this power management capability, see NDIS Selective Suspend.

SupportedWoLPacketPatterns

Contains flags that specify the wake-on-LAN (WOL) packet patterns that a network adapter supports. For example, the network adapter can generate a wake-up event when it receives a bitmap, a WOL magic packet, or an EAP over LAN (EAPOL) request identifier message. For a complete list of the patterns that are supported in the current operating system, see the NDIS_PM_CAPABILITIES reference page.

NumTotalWoLPatterns

A ULONG value that contains the total number of WOL patterns that a network adapter supports. This is the sum of "number of supported WOL protocol patterns" and "number of supported WOL bitmap patterns."

For example, if your driver supports 8 flexible bitmap patterns, IPv4 TCP SYN (via preset filter), and magic packet, then you would report 9 in NumTotalWoLPatterns. (8 bitmaps + 1 IPv4 TCP SYN = 9)

Note  The total number of WOL patterns does not include the magic packet wake-up pattern.

For more information about WOL protocol patterns, see NDIS_PM_WOL_PATTERN.

MaxWoLPatternSize

Contains the maximum number of bytes that can be compared with a pattern.

MaxWoLPatternOffset

Contains the number of bytes in a packet that can be examined, which starts from the beginning of the MAC header.

MaxWoLPacketSaveBuffer

Contains the number of bytes of a WOL protocol pattern that a miniport driver can save to a buffer and indicate up the driver stack.

SupportedProtocolOffloads

Contains flags that specify the power management protocol offload features that a network adapter supports. Miniport drivers use these flags to report the low power protocol offload capabilities of a network adapter. For example, the network adapter can support IPv4 ARP offload, IPv6 Neighbor Solicitation (NS), or IEEE 802.11 robust secure network (RSN) 4-way and 2-way handshake. For a complete list of the protocol offloads that are supported in the current operating system, see the NDIS_PM_CAPABILITIES reference page.

NumArpOffloadIPv4Addresses

Contains the number of ARP offload IPv4 addresses.

NumNSOffloadIPv6Addresses

Contains the number of network solicitation (NS) offload IPv6 requests that the network adapter supports.

MinMagicPacketWakeUp

Specifies the lowest device power state from which a network adapter can signal a wake-up event on receipt of a magic packet. (A magic packet is a packet that contains 16 contiguous copies of the receiving network adapter's Ethernet address.)

MinPatternWakeUp

Specifies the lowest device power state from which a network adapter can signal a wake-up event on receipt of a network frame that contains a pattern that is specified by the protocol driver.

MinLinkChangeWakeUp

Specifies the lowest device power state from which a network adapter can signal a wake-up event when there is a link change (media connect or disconnect).

SupportedWakeUpEvents

Specifies the media-independent wake-up events that a network adapter supports. These events are not specific to media type. For example, these wake-up events include link change events.

MediaSpecificWakeUpEvents

Specifies the media-specific wake-up events that a network adapter supports. For example, these events include following:

  • The 802.11 network adapter disassociates with the access point (AP).

  • The mobile broadband (MB) network adapter detects a change in its registration state to the MB Service.

If a miniport driver supports offloading protocols to a network adapter in a low power state, it must support the same low power state for the protocol offload that it supports for a pattern match WOL event; that is, the value that is specified in the MinPatternWakeUp or MinMagicPacketWakeUp member.

NDIS initializes an NDIS_PM_CAPABILITIES structure with the currently available power management capabilities of the underlying network adapter and passes it the protocol overlying protocol drivers during the bind operation. NDIS sets the PowerManagementCapabilitiesEx member of the NDIS_BIND_PARAMETERS structure to point to the NDIS_PM_CAPABILITIES structure.

Overlying drivers can use the OID_PM_HARDWARE_CAPABILITIES OID query to obtain the hardware power management capabilities of the network adapter. NDIS handles this OID request on behalf of the miniport driver. NDIS miniport drivers are not required to support the OID_PM_HARDWARE_CAPABILITIES OID request.

Overlying drivers can use the OID_PM_CURRENT_CAPABILITIES OID to query the currently available power management capabilities of a network adapter. NDIS handles this OID request on behalf of the miniport driver. NDIS miniport drivers are not required to support the OID_PM_CURRENT_CAPABILITIES OID request.

 

 

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