NIC Low-Power Activities

This section applies only to NDIS 6.20 and later.

After it receives an OID_PM_PARAMETERS set request, the 802.11 miniport driver should enable the wake-on-LAN (WOL) packet and WOL magic pattern wake-up procedure. After the host computer resumes operation from a low-power state, the NIC should clear the WOL packet and WOL magic pattern from the hardware.

After the driver receives an OID_PNP_SET_POWER request to put the NIC into a low-power state, and if WOL is enabled from a set request of OID_PM_PARAMETERS, the driver should enable low-power protocol offload on the NIC. This 802.11 low-power protocol offload specifies a Robust Security Network (RSN) WPA2-GTK (group transient key) rekey operation. When the system resumes operation from a low-power state and the driver receives an OID_PNP_SET_POWER request to put the NIC into a D0 state, the driver should disable the low-power protocol offload. However, the NIC should store this low-power protocol offload state in software. The operating system will query this state when it uploads the protocol at a later time.

While the NIC is in a low-power state (D1, D2, or D3), it should be able to perform the following activities:

Keep AP Association Alive

To minimize spurious wake-up events, the NIC must keep alive the association with the current AP. The hardware vendor must decide how to implement the keep-alive mechanism.

Wake Up Host Computer

The NIC should wake up the host computer if any of the events described in Wake-Up Events are triggered. If the NIC wakes up the host computer in response to a WOL packet or WOL magic pattern, it should also indicate the packet to the operating system.

Handle WPA2-GTK Rekey Requests

If the NIC is not using infrastructure-assisted wake-up, it must handle WPA2-GTK rekey requests from the current AP. The operating system provides initial values for a key confirmation key ( KCK ), EAPOL key encryption key ( KEK ), and key replay counter ( KeyReplayCounter ) in the Dot11RSNRekeyParameters structure within the NDIS_PM_PROTOCOL_OFFLOAD structure. The NIC should update the replay counter as appropriate.

When the NIC is in a low-power state, it must maintain the GTK key if the key is critical to complete a WOL event. For example, in the case of an infrastructure assisted wake-up procedure, a GTK might not be necessary for completing WOL. In that case, the NIC is not required to maintain a GTK.

If rekeying a GTK is not required for completing WOL, the NIC must make an NDIS_STATUS_PM_OFFLOAD_REJECTED status indication when GTK rotation is not required to support WOL.

When the operating system calls OID_PM_ADD_PROTOCOL_OFFLOAD, it provides the initial values of a key confirmation key ( KCK ) and EAPOL key encryption key ( KEK ) in the Dot11RSNRekeyParameters structure within the NDIS_PM_PROTOCOL_OFFLOAD structure. After the miniport driver receives this data, it should not attempt to associate to a new AP. While the NIC is in a low-power state, the driver should not change AP association. Also while the NIC is in a low-power state, the NIC must update the KeyReplayCounter member of the Dot11RSNRekeyParameters structure.

When the NIC wakes up, the operating system calls OID_PM_GET_PROTOCOL_OFFLOAD to upload RSN rekeying information from the NIC. In response to this OID method request, the NIC should return the value of KeyReplayCounter, but it must not return values for KCK and KEK . If the NIC is performing GTK rekeying while the miniport driver is waking up, the NIC should complete its processing of an OID_PNP_SET_POWER request after the GTK exchange reaches its final state.

After the NIC completes processing an OID_PNP_SET_POWER request to wake up to state D0, it must stop processing the miniport driver M1 message.

 

 

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