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EngAlphaBlend function

The EngAlphaBlend function provides bit-block transfer capabilities with alpha blending.

Syntax


BOOL EngAlphaBlend(
  SURFOBJ *psoDest,
  SURFOBJ *psoSrc,
  CLIPOBJ *pco,
  XLATEOBJ *pxlo,
  RECTL *prclDest,
  RECTL *prclSrc,
  BLENDOBJ *pBlendObj
);

Parameters

psoDest

Pointer to a SURFOBJ structure that identifies the surface on which to draw.

psoSrc

Pointer to a SURFOBJ structure that identifies the source surface.

pco

Pointer to a CLIPOBJ structure. The CLIPOBJ_Xxx service routines are provided to enumerate the clip region as a set of rectangles. This enumeration limits the area of the destination that is modified. Whenever possible, GDI simplifies the clipping involved. However, unlike EngBitBlt, EngAlphaBlend might be called with a single rectangle in order to prevent round-off errors in clipping the output.

pxlo

Pointer to a XLATEOBJ structure that specifies how color indices should be translated between the source and destination surfaces.

If the source surface is palette managed, its colors are represented by indices into a lookup table of RGB color values. In this case, GDI can query the XLATEOBJ structure for a translate vector to quickly translate any source index into a color index for the destination.

The situation is more complicated when, for example, the source is RGB but the destination is palette-managed. In this case, the closest match to each source RGB value must be found in the destination palette. GDI calls the XLATEOBJ_iXlate service routine to perform this matching operation.

prclDest

Pointer to a RECTL structure that defines the rectangular area to be modified. This rectangle is specified in the coordinate system of the destination surface and is defined by two points: upper left and lower right. The two points that define the rectangle are always well ordered.

The rectangle is lower-right exclusive; that is, its lower and right edges are not a part of the blend.

The specified rectangle can overhang the destination surface; GDI performs the proper clipping when it does.

EngAlphaBlend must never be called with an empty destination rectangle.

prclSrc

Pointer to a RECTL structure that defines the area to be copied. This rectangle is specified in the coordinate system of the source surface and is defined by two points: upper left and lower right. The two points that define the rectangle are always well ordered.

The rectangle is lower-right exclusive; that is, its lower and right edges are not a part of the blend.

The source rectangle must never exceed the bounds of the source surface, and thus never overhang the source surface.

EngAlphaBlend must never be called with an empty source rectangle.

The mapping is defined by prclSrc and prclDest. The points specified in prclDest and prclSrc lie on integer coordinates, which correspond to pixel centers. A rectangle defined by two such points is considered to be a geometric rectangle with two vertices whose coordinates are the given points, but with 0.5 subtracted from each coordinate. (POINTL structures are shorthand notation for specifying these fractional coordinate vertices.)

pBlendObj

Pointer to a BLENDOBJ structure that describes the blending operation to perform between the source and destination surfaces. This structure is a wrapper for the BLENDFUNCTION structure, which includes necessary source and destination format information that is not available in the XLATEOBJ structure . BLENDFUNCTION is declared in the Microsoft Windows SDK documentation. Its members are defined as follows:

BlendOp defines the blend operation to be performed. Currently this value must be AC_SRC_OVER, which means that the source bitmap is placed over the destination bitmap based on the alpha values of the source pixels. There are three possible cases that this blend operation should handle. These are described in the Remarks section of this reference page.

BlendFlags is reserved and is currently set to zero.

SourceConstantAlpha defines the constant blend factor to apply to the entire source surface. This value is in the range of [0,255], where 0 is completely transparent and 255 is completely opaque.

AlphaFormat defines whether the surface is assumed to have an alpha channel. This member can optionally be set to the following value:

AC_SRC_ALPHA

The source surface can be assumed to be in a premultiplied alpha 32bpp "BGRA" format; that is, the surface type is BMF_32BPP and the palette type is BI_RGB. The alpha component is an integer in the range of [0,255], where 0 is completely transparent and 255 is completely opaque.

Return value

EngAlphaBlend returns TRUE upon success. If an error occurs, it returns FALSE and reports an error code.

Remarks

A bit-block transfer with alpha blending is supported between the following surfaces:

  • From one device-managed surface to another device-managed surface.

  • From one GDI-managed standard format bitmap to another GDI-managed standard format bitmap.

  • From one device-managed surface to a GDI-managed surface, and vice versa.

The driver should never call EngAlphaBlend with overlapping source and destination rectangles on the same surface.

The three possible cases for the AC_SRC_OVER blend function are:

  • The source bitmap has no per-pixel alpha (AC_SRC_ALPHA is not set), so the blend is applied to the pixel's color channels based on the constant source alpha value specified in SourceConstantAlpha as follows:
    
    Dst.Red = Round(((Src.Red * SourceConstantAlpha) + 
        ((255 − SourceConstantAlpha) * Dst.Red)) / 255);
    Dst.Green = Round(((Src.Green * SourceConstantAlpha) + 
        ((255 − SourceConstantAlpha) * Dst.Green)) / 255);
    Dst.Blue = Round(((Src.Blue * SourceConstantAlpha) + 
        ((255 − SourceConstantAlpha) * Dst.Blue)) / 255);
    /* Do the next computation only if the destination bitmap 
        has an alpha channel. */
    Dst.Alpha = Round(((Src.Alpha * SourceConstantAlpha) + 
        ((255 − SourceConstantAlpha) * Dst.Alpha)) / 255);
    
    
  • The source bitmap has per-pixel alpha values (AC_SRC_ALPHA is set), and SourceConstantAlpha is not used (it is set to 255). The blend is computed as follows:
    
    Dst.Red = Src.Red + 
        Round(((255 − Src.Alpha) * Dst.Red) / 255);
    Dst.Green = Src.Green + 
        Round(((255 − Src.Alpha) * Dst.Green) / 255);
    Dst.Blue = Src.Blue + 
        Round(((255 − Src.Alpha) * Dst.Blue) / 255);
    /* Do the next computation only if the destination bitmap 
        has an alpha channel. */
    Dst.Alpha = Src.Alpha + 
        Round(((255 − Src.Alpha) * Dst.Alpha) / 255);
    
    
  • The source bitmap has per-pixel alpha values (AC_SRC_ALPHA is set), and SourceConstantAlpha is used (it is not set to 255). The blend is computed as follows:
    
    Temp.Red = Round((Src.Red * SourceConstantAlpha) / 255);
    Temp.Green = Round((Src.Green * SourceConstantAlpha) / 255);
    Temp.Blue = Round((Src.Blue * SourceConstantAlpha) / 255);
    /* The next computation must be done even if the 
        destination bitmap does not have an alpha channel. */
    Temp.Alpha = Round((Src.Alpha * SourceConstantAlpha) / 255);
     
    /* Note that the following equations use the just-computed 
       Temp.Alpha value: */
    Dst.Red = Temp.Red + 
        Round(((255 − Temp.Alpha) * Dst.Red) / 255);
    Dst.Green = Temp.Green + 
        Round(((255 − Temp.Alpha) * Dst.Green) / 255);
    Dst.Blue = Temp.Blue + 
        Round(((255 − Temp.Alpha) * Dst.Blue) / 255);
    /* Do the next computation only if the destination bitmap 
        has an alpha channel. */
    Dst.Alpha = Temp.Alpha + 
        Round(((255 − Temp.Alpha) * Dst.Alpha) / 255);
    
    

The driver should call EngAlphaBlend if it has hooked DrvAlphaBlend and it is called to do something that it does not support.

Requirements

Version

Available in Windows 2000 and later versions of the Windows operating systems.

Header

Winddi.h (include Winddi.h)

Library

Win32k.lib

DLL

Win32k.sys

See also

DrvAlphaBlend
DrvBitBlt
DrvPlgBlt
DrvStretchBlt
DrvStretchBltROP
DrvTransparentBlt
EngAssociateSurface
EngBitBlt
EngPlgBlt
EngStretchBlt
EngStretchBltROP
EngTransparentBlt

 

 

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