DrvAlphaBlend function

The DrvAlphaBlend function provides bit-block transfer capabilities with alpha blending.

Syntax


BOOL DrvAlphaBlend(
  _Inout_   SURFOBJ *psoDest,
  _In_      SURFOBJ *psoSrc,
  _In_      CLIPOBJ *pco,
  _In_opt_  XLATEOBJ *pxlo,
  _In_      RECTL *prclDest,
  _In_      RECTL *prclSrc,
  _In_      BLENDOBJ *pBlendObj
);

Parameters

psoDest [in, out]

Pointer to a SURFOBJ structure that identifies the surface on which to draw.

psoSrc [in]

Pointer to a SURFOBJ structure that identifies the source surface.

pco [in]

Pointer to a CLIPOBJ structure. The CLIPOBJ_Xxx service routines are provided to enumerate the clip region as a set of rectangles. This enumeration limits the area of the destination that is modified. Whenever possible, GDI simplifies the clipping involved. However, unlike DrvBitBlt, DrvAlphaBlend might be called with a single rectangle in order to prevent round-off errors in clipping the output.

pxlo [in, optional]

Pointer to an XLATEOBJ structure that specifies how color indices should be translated between the source and destination surfaces. If pxlo is NULL, no translation is needed.

If the source surface is palette-managed, its colors are represented by indices into a lookup table of RGB color values. In this case, the XLATEOBJ can be queried for a translate vector that allows the device driver to quickly translate any source index into a color index for the destination.

The situation is more complicated when, for example, the source is RGB but the destination is palette-managed. In this case, the closest match to each source RGB value must be found in the destination palette. The driver can call the XLATEOBJ_iXlate service routine to perform this matching operation.

prclDest [in]

Pointer to a RECTL structure that defines the rectangular area to be modified. This rectangle is specified in the coordinate system of the destination surface and is defined by two points: upper left and lower right. The two points that define the rectangle are always well ordered. The rectangle is lower-right exclusive; that is, its lower and right edges are not a part of the blend.

The driver should be careful to do proper clipping when writing the pixels because the specified rectangle might overhang the destination surface.

DrvAlphaBlend is never called with an empty destination rectangle.

prclSrc [in]

Pointer to a RECTL structure that defines the area to be copied. This rectangle is specified in the coordinate system of the source surface, and is defined by two points: upper left and lower right. The two points that define the rectangle are always well ordered. The rectangle is lower-right exclusive; that is, its lower and right edges are not a part of the blend.

The source rectangle will never exceed the bounds of the source surface, and so will never overhang the source surface.

DrvAlphaBlend is never called with an empty source rectangle.

The mapping is defined by prclSrc and prclDest. The points specified in prclDest and prclSrc lie on integer coordinates, which correspond to pixel centers. A rectangle defined by two such points is considered to be a geometric rectangle with two vertices whose coordinates are the given points, but with 0.5 subtracted from each coordinate. (POINTL structures are shorthand notation for specifying these fractional coordinate vertices.)

pBlendObj [in]

Pointer to a BLENDOBJ structure that describes the blending operation to perform between the source and destination surfaces. This structure is a wrapper for the BLENDFUNCTION structure, which includes necessary source and destination format information not available in the XLATEOBJ. The BLENDFUNCTION structure is defined in the Microsoft Windows SDK documentation. Its members are defined as follows:

BlendOp defines the blend operation to be performed. Currently this value must be AC_SRC_OVER, which means that the source bitmap is placed over the destination bitmap based on the alpha values of the source pixels. There are three possible cases that this blend operation should handle. These are described in the Remarks section.

BlendFlags is reserved and is currently set to zero.

SourceConstantAlpha defines the constant blend factor to apply to the entire source surface. This value is in the range of [0,255], where 0 is completely transparent and 255 is completely opaque.

AlphaFormat defines whether the surface is assumed to have an alpha channel. This member can optionally be set to the following value:

AC_SRC_ALPHA

The source surface can be assumed to be in a premultiplied alpha 32bpp "BGRA" format; that is, the surface type is BMF_32BPP and the palette type is BI_RGB. The alpha component is an integer in the range of [0,255], where 0 is completely transparent and 255 is completely opaque.

Return value

DrvAlphaBlend returns TRUE upon success. Otherwise, it reports an error and returns FALSE.

Remarks

The driver can support a bit-block transfer with alpha blending between the following surfaces:

  • From one device-managed surface to another device-managed surface.

  • From one GDI-managed standard format bitmap to another GDI-managed standard format bitmap.

  • From one device-managed surface to a GDI-managed surface, and vice versa.

The driver can punt calls to EngAlphaBlend.

The driver will never be called with overlapping source and destination rectangles on the same surface.

The three possible cases for the AC_SRC_OVER blend function are:

  • The source bitmap has no per-pixel alpha (AC_SRC_ALPHA is not set), so the blend is applied to the pixel's color channels based on the constant source alpha value specified in SourceConstantAlpha as follows:
    
    Dst.Red = Round(((Src.Red * SourceConstantAlpha) + 
        ((255 − SourceConstantAlpha) * Dst.Red)) / 255);
    Dst.Green = Round(((Src.Green * SourceConstantAlpha) + 
        ((255 − SourceConstantAlpha) * Dst.Green)) / 255);
    Dst.Blue = Round(((Src.Blue * SourceConstantAlpha) + 
        ((255 − SourceConstantAlpha) * Dst.Blue)) / 255);
    /* Do the next computation only if the destination bitmap 
        has an alpha channel. */
    Dst.Alpha = Round(((Src.Alpha * SourceConstantAlpha) + 
        ((255 − SourceConstantAlpha) * Dst.Alpha)) / 255);
    
    
  • The source bitmap has per-pixel alpha values (AC_SRC_ALPHA is set), and SourceConstantAlpha is not used (it is set to 255). The blend is computed as follows:
    
    Dst.Red = Src.Red + 
        Round(((255 − Src.Alpha) * Dst.Red) / 255);
    Dst.Green = Src.Green + 
        Round(((255 − Src.Alpha) * Dst.Green) / 255);
    Dst.Blue = Src.Blue + 
        Round(((255 − Src.Alpha) * Dst.Blue) / 255);
    /* Do the next computation only if the destination bitmap 
        has an alpha channel. */
    Dst.Alpha = Src.Alpha + 
        Round(((255 − Src.Alpha) * Dst.Alpha) / 255);
    
    
  • The source bitmap has per-pixel alpha values (AC_SRC_ALPHA is set), and SourceConstantAlpha is used (it is not set to 255). The blend is computed as follows:
    
    Temp.Red = Round((Src.Red * SourceConstantAlpha) / 255);
    Temp.Green = Round((Src.Green * SourceConstantAlpha) / 255);
    Temp.Blue = Round((Src.Blue * SourceConstantAlpha) / 255);
    /* The next computation must be done even if the 
        destination bitmap does not have an alpha channel. */
    Temp.Alpha = Round((Src.Alpha * SourceConstantAlpha) / 255);
     
    /* Note that the following equations use the just-computed 
       Temp.Alpha value: */
    Dst.Red = Temp.Red + 
        Round(((255 − Temp.Alpha) * Dst.Red) / 255);
    Dst.Green = Temp.Green + 
        Round(((255 − Temp.Alpha) * Dst.Green) / 255);
    Dst.Blue = Temp.Blue + 
        Round(((255 − Temp.Alpha) * Dst.Blue) / 255);
    /* Do the next computation only if the destination bitmap 
        has an alpha channel.  */
    Dst.Alpha = Temp.Alpha + 
        Round(((255 − Temp.Alpha) * Dst.Alpha) / 255);
    
    

The Round(x) function rounds to the nearest integer, computed as:


Trunc(x + 0.5);

DrvAlphaBlend can be optionally implemented in graphics drivers. It can be provided to handle some kinds of alpha blends, such as blends where the source and destination surfaces are the same format and do not contain an alpha channel.

A hardware implementation can use floating point or fixed point in the blend operation. Compatibility tests will account for some numerical error in the results; please see Special Effects in Display Drivers for information about maximum permissible error. When using fixed point, an acceptable approximation to the term x/255 is (x*257)/65536. Incorporating rounding, the expression:


((255 - Src.Alpha) * Dst.Red) / 255

can then be approximated as:


temp = ((255 - Src.Alpha) * Dst.Red) + 128;
result = (temp + (temp >> 8)) >> 8;

The driver hooks DrvAlphaBlend by setting the HOOK_ALPHABLEND flag when it calls EngAssociateSurface. If the driver has hooked DrvAlphaBlend and is called to perform an operation that it does not support, the driver should have GDI handle the operation by punting the data in a call to EngAlphaBlend.

Requirements

Header

Winddi.h (include Winddi.h)

See also

DrvBitBlt
DrvPlgBlt
DrvStretchBlt
DrvStretchBltROP
DrvTransparentBlt
EngAlphaBlend
EngBitBlt
EngPlgBlt
EngStretchBlt
EngStretchBltROP
EngTransparentBlt

 

 

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