CreateUnicastIpAddressEntry function

The CreateUnicastIpAddressEntry function adds a new unicast IP address entry on the local computer.

Syntax


NETIOAPI_API CreateUnicastIpAddressEntry(
  _In_  const MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW *Row
);

Parameters

Row [in]

A pointer to a MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW structure entry for a unicast IP address entry.

Return value

CreateUnicastIpAddressEntry returns STATUS_SUCCESS if the function succeeds.

If the function fails, CreateUnicastIpAddressEntry returns one of the following error codes:

Return codeDescription
STATUS_INVALID_PARAMETER

An invalid parameter was passed to the function. This error is returned if a NULL pointer is passed in the Row parameter, the Address member of the MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW structure that the Row parameter points to was not set to a valid unicast IPv4 or IPv6 address, or both InterfaceLuid and InterfaceIndex members of the MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW structure were unspecified.

This error is also returned for other errors in the values that are set for members in the MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW structure. These errors include the following situations:

  • The ValidLifetime member is less than than the PreferredLifetime member.

  • The PrefixOrigin member is set to IpPrefixOriginUnchanged and the SuffixOrigin is not set to IpSuffixOriginUnchanged.

  • The PrefixOrigin member is not set to IpPrefixOriginUnchanged and the SuffixOrigin is set to IpSuffixOriginUnchanged.

  • The PrefixOrigin member is not set to a value from the NL_PREFIX_ORIGIN enumeration.

  • The SuffixOrigin member is not set to a value from the NL_SUFFIX_ORIGIN enumeration.

  • The OnLinkPrefixLength member is set to a value that is greater than the IP address length, in bits (32 for a unicast IPv4 address or 128 for a unicast IPv6 address).

For possible values of the NL_PREFIX_ORIGIN and NL_SUFFIX_ORIGIN enumerations, see MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW.

STATUS_NOT_FOUND

The specified interface could not be found. This error is returned if the function cannot find the network interface that is specified by the InterfaceLuid or InterfaceIndex member of the MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW structure that the Row parameter points to.

STATUS_NOT_SUPPORTED

The request is not supported. This error is returned if no IPv4 stack is located on the local computer and an IPv4 address was specified in the Address member of the MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW structure that the Row parameter points to, or if no IPv6 stack is located on the local computer and an IPv6 address was specified in the Address member.

ERROR_OBJECT_ALREADY_EXISTS

The object already exists. This error is returned if the Address member of the MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW structure that the Row parameter points to is a duplicate of an existing unicast IP address on the interface that is specified by the InterfaceLuid or InterfaceIndex member of the MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW.

Other

Use the FormatMessage function to obtain the message string for the returned error.

 

Remarks

Use the InitializeUnicastIpAddressEntry function to initialize the members of a MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW structure entry with default values. A driver can then change the members in the MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW entry that it wants to modify, and then call the CreateUnicastIpAddressEntry function.

On input, your driver must initialize the following members of the MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW structure that the Row parameter points to.

Address

Set to a valid unicast IPv4 or IPv6 address and family.

InterfaceLuid or InterfaceIndex

These members are used in the order that is listed earlier. So if InterfaceLuid is specified, this member is used to determine the interface to add the unicast IP address to. If no value was set for the InterfaceLuid member (the value of this member was set to zero), the InterfaceIndex member is next used to determine the interface.

If the OnLinkPrefixLength member of the MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW structure that the Row parameter points to is set to 255, CreateUnicastIpAddressEntry adds the new unicast IP address with the OnLinkPrefixLength member set equal to the length of the IP address. So for a unicast IPv4 address, the OnLinkPrefixLength is set to 32 and the OnLinkPrefixLength is set to 128 for a unicast IPv6 address. If this setting would result in the incorrect subnet mask for an IPv4 address or the incorrect link prefix for an IPv6 address, the driver should set the OnLinkPrefixLength member to the correct value before calling CreateUnicastIpAddressEntry.

If a unicast IP address is created with the OnLinkPrefixLength member set incorrectly, your driver can change the IP address by calling SetUnicastIpAddressEntry with the OnLinkPrefixLength member set to the correct value.

The DadState, ScopeId, and CreationTimeStamp members of the MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW structure that the Row parameter points to are ignored when the CreateUnicastIpAddressEntry function is called. These members are set by the network stack. The ScopeId member is automatically determined by the interface that the address is added on.

The CreateUnicastIpAddressEntry function fails if the unicast IP address that is passed in the Address member of the MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW structure that the Row parameter points to is a duplicate of an existing unicast IP address on the interface. Note that your driver can add a loopback IP address to a loopback interface only by using the CreateUnicastIpAddressEntry function.

The unicast IP address that is passed in the Address member of the MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW structure that the Row parameter points to is not usable immediately. The IP address is usable after the duplicate address detection process has completed successfully. It can take several seconds for the duplicate address detection process to complete because IP packets must be sent and potential responses must be waited for. For IPv6, the duplicate address detection process typically takes about 1 second. For IPv4, the duplicate address detection process typically takes about 3 seconds.

After a driver calls the CreateUnicastIpAddressEntry function, it can use the following methods to determine if an IP address is still usable:

Use polling and the GetUnicastIpAddressEntry function

After the call to the CreateUnicastIpAddressEntry function returns successfully, pause for 1 to 3 seconds (depending on whether an IPv6 or IPv4 address is being created) to allow time for the successful completion of the duplication address detection process. Then, call GetUnicastIpAddressEntry to retrieve the updated MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW structure and examine the value of the DadState member. If the value of the DadState member is set to IpDadStatePreferred, the IP address is now usable. If the value of the DadState member is set to IpDadStateTentative, duplicate address detection has not yet completed. In this case, call the GetUnicastIpAddressEntry function again every 0.5 seconds while the DadState member is still set to IpDadStateTentative. If the value of the DadState member returns with some value other than IpDadStatePreferred or IpDadStateTentative, duplicate address detection has failed and the IP address is not usable.

Call one of the IP Helper NotifyXxx notification functions to set up an asynchronous notification for when an address changes

After the call to the CreateUnicastIpAddressEntry function returns successfully, call the NotifyUnicastIpAddressChange function to register the driver to be notified of changes to either IPv6 or IPv4 unicast IP addresses, depending on the type of IP address that is being created. When a notification is received for the IP address that is being created, call the GetUnicastIpAddressEntry function to retrieve the DadState member. If the value of the DadState member is set to IpDadStatePreferred, the IP address is now usable. If the value of the DadState member is set to IpDadStateTentative, duplicate address detection has not yet completed and the driver must wait for future notifications. If the value of the DadState member returns with some value other than IpDadStatePreferred or IpDadStateTentative, duplicate address detection has failed and the IP address is not usable.

If, during the duplicate address detection process, the media is disconnected and then reconnected, the duplicate address detection process is restarted. So the time to complete the process might increase beyond the typical 1 second value for IPv6 or 3 second value for IPv4.

Requirements

Version

Available in Windows Vista and later versions of the Windows operating systems.

Header

Netioapi.h (include Netioapi.h)

IRQL

< DISPATCH_LEVEL

See also

DeleteUnicastIpAddressEntry
GetUnicastIpAddressEntry
GetUnicastIpAddressTable
InitializeUnicastIpAddressEntry
MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_ROW
MIB_UNICASTIPADDRESS_TABLE
NL_PREFIX_ORIGIN
NL_SUFFIX_ORIGIN
NotifyIpInterfaceChange
NotifyRouteChange2
NotifyStableUnicastIpAddressTable
NotifyTeredoPortChange
NotifyUnicastIpAddressChange
SetUnicastIpAddressEntry

 

 

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