C28615

warning C28615: Must call _resetstkoflw in the __except() block when calling _alloca in the __try block. Don't call _resetstkoflw from inside a catch() block

The Code Analysis tool reports this warning when applications call the _resetstkoflw function within a catch block, or when applications call alloca in the try block without calling _resetstkoflw in the except block.

A thread can catch only one stack overflow exception (raised from a call to _alloca) unless the stack is repaired (for example, by _resetstkoflw) after each exception. If the stack is not fixed after the first exception is raised from _alloca, a second exception will result in immediate and silent process termination.

You must call _resetstkoflw when the current stack pointer points into an address higher than the third page on the stack. This is because it doesn't make sense to make a guard page out of the current page that the stack pointer is pointing to (or will point to in a moment).

The _resetstkoflw function should not be called from a structured exception handler filter expression, or from a function called from a structured exception handler filter expression.

Examples

The Code Analysis tool reports this warning for the following example because the filter expression is called before the stack unwind occurs. When there is a stack overflow, the filter expression is called when the current stack pointer is pointing to the third page from the bottom of the stack.


__try 
{
    /* The following could cause stack overflow */
    char *x = _alloca (i);
}
__except ((GetExceptionCode () == EXCEPTION_STACK_OVERFLOW) 
    ? (_resetstkoflw (), EXCEPTION_EXECUTE_HANDLER) 
    : EXCEPTION_CONTINUE_SEARCH)
{
}

The following example also fails for similar reasons.


 
__try 
{
 char *x = _alloca (i);
}
__except (SEHFilter (GetExceptionCode ()))
{
}

int SEHFilter (DWORD dwExceptionCode)
{
 if (dwExceptionCode == EXCEPTION_STACK_OVERFLOW)
 {
 _resetstkoflw ();
 return EXCEPTION_EXECUTE_HANDLER;
 }
 else
 {
 return EXCEPTION_CONTINUE_SEARCH;
 }
}
 
 

The following example successfully avoids the error.


__try
{
    char *x = _alloca (i);
}
__except ((GetExceptionCode () == EXCEPTION_STACK_OVERFLOW) ? EXCEPTION_EXECUTE_HANDLER : EXCEPTION_CONTINUE_SEARCH)
{
    // In this block the stack has already been unwound,
    // so this call will succeed.
_resetstkoflw ();
}

 

 

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