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WSPEventSelect function

The WSPEventSelect function specifies an event object to be associated with the supplied set of network events.

Syntax


int WSPEventSelect(
  _In_   SOCKET s,
  _In_   WSAEVENT hEventObject,
  _In_   long lNetworkEvents,
  _Out_  LPINT lpErrno
);

Parameters

s [in]

Descriptor identifying the socket.

hEventObject [in]

Handle identifying the event object to be associated with the supplied set of network events.

lNetworkEvents [in]

Bitmask that specifies the combination of network events in which the Windows Sockets SPI client has interest.

lpErrno [out]

Pointer to the error code.

Return value

The return value is zero if the Windows Sockets SPI client's specification of the network events and the associated event object was successful. Otherwise, the value SOCKET_ERROR is returned, and a specific error number is available in lpErrno.

Error codeMeaning
WSAENETDOWN

The network subsystem has failed.

WSAEINVAL

Indicates that one of the specified parameters was invalid, or the specified socket is in an invalid state.

WSAEINPROGRESS

Blocking Windows Sockets call is in progress or the service provider is still processing a callback function.

WSAENOTSOCK

The descriptor is not a socket.

 

Remarks

This function is used to specify an event object, hEventObject, to be associated with the selected network events, lNetworkEvents. The socket for which an event object is specified is identified by s. The event object is set when any of the nominated network events occur.

WSPEventSelect operates very similarly to WSPAsyncSelect, the difference being in the actions taken when a nominated network event occurs. Whereas WSPAsyncSelect causes a Windows Sockets SPI client-specified Windows message to be posted, WSPEventSelect sets the associated event object and records the occurrence of this event in an internal network event record. A Windows Sockets SPI client can use WSPEnumNetworkEvents to retrieve the contents of the internal network event record and thus determine which of the nominated network events have occurred.

WSPEventSelect is the only function that causes network activity and errors to be recorded and retrievable through WSPEnumNetworkEvents. See the descriptions of WSPSelect and WSPAsyncSelect to find out how those functions report network activity and errors.

This function automatically sets socket s to nonblocking mode, regardless of the value of lNetworkEvents.

The lNetworkEvents parameter is constructed by using the bitwise OR operator with any of the values specified in the following list.

ValueMeaning
FD_READIssues notification of readiness for reading.
FD_WRITEIssues notification of readiness for writing.
FD_OOBIssues notification of the arrival of OOB data.
FD_ACCEPTIssues notification of incoming connections.
FD_CONNECTIssues notification of completed connection.
FD_CLOSEIssues notification of socket closure.
FD_QOSIssues notification of socket (QoS) changes.
FD_GROUP_QOSReserved.
FD_ROUTING_INTERFACE_CHANGEIssues notification of routing interface changes for the specified destination(s).
FD_ADDRESS_LIST_CHANGEIssues notification of local address list changes for the socket's address family.

 

Issuing a WSPEventSelect for a socket cancels any previous WSPAsyncSelect or WSPEventSelect for the same socket and clears the internal network event record. For example, to associate an event object with both reading and writing network events, the Windows Sockets SPI client must call WSPEventSelect with both FD_READ and FD_WRITE, as follows:


rc = WSPEventSelect(s, hEventObject, FD_READ|FD_WRITE);


It is not possible to specify different event objects for different network events. The following code will not work; the second call will cancel the effects of the first, and only FD_WRITE network event will be associated with hEventObject2:


rc = WSPEventSelect(s, hEventObject1, FD_READ);
rc = WSPEventSelect(s, hEventObject2, FD_WRITE);   //bad


To cancel the association and selection of network events on a socket, lNetworkEvents should be set to zero, in which case the hEventObject parameter will be ignored.


rc = WSPEventSelect(s, hEventObject, 0);


Closing a socket with WSPCloseSocket also cancels the association and selection of network events specified in WSPEventSelect for the socket. The Windows Sockets SPI client, however, still must call WSPCloseSocket to explicitly close the event object and free any resources.

Since an accepted WSPAccept socket has the same properties as the listening socket used to accept it, any WSPEventSelect association and network events selection set for the listening socket apply to the accepted socket. For example, if a listening socket has WSPEventSelect association of hEventObject with FD_ACCEPT, FD_READ, and FD_WRITE, then any socket accepted on that listening socket will also have FD_ACCEPT, FD_READ, and FD_WRITE network events associated with the same hEventObject. If a different hEventObject or network events are needed, the Windows Sockets SPI client should call WSPEventSelect, passing the accepted socket and the new information.

Note  Having successfully recorded the occurrence of the network event and signaled the associated event object, no further actions are taken for that network event until the Windows Sockets SPI client makes the function call that implicitly reenables the setting of that network event and the signaling of the associated event object.

Network eventReenabling function
FD_READ WSPRecv or WSPRecvFrom.
FD_WRITE WSPSend or WSPSendTo.
FD_OOB WSPRecv or WSPRecvFrom.
FD_ACCEPT WSPAccept unless the error code returned is WSATRY_AGAIN indicating that the condition function returned CF_DEFER.
FD_CONNECTNone.
FD_CLOSENone.
FD_QOS WSPIoctl with SIO_QOS.
FD_GROUP_QOSReserved.
FD_ROUTING_INTERFACE_CHANGE WSPIoctl with command SIO_ROUTING_INTERFACE_CHANGE.
FD_ADDRESS_LIST_CHANGE WSPIoctl with command SIO_ADDRESS_LIST_CHANGE.

 

Any call to the reenabling routine, even one that fails, results in reenabling of recording and signaling for the relevant network event and event object, respectively.

For FD_READ, FD_OOB, and FD_ACCEPT network events, network event recording and event object signaling are level-triggered. This means that if the reenabling routine is called and the relevant network condition is still valid after the call, the network event is recorded and the associated event object is signaled. This allows a Windows Sockets SPI client to be event-driven and not be concerned with the amount of data that arrives at any one time. This is illustrated by the following sequence.

  • Service provider receives 100 bytes of data on socket s, records the FD_READ network event and signals the associated event object.
  • The Windows Sockets SPI client issues WSPRecv(s, buffptr, 50, 0) to read 50 bytes.
  • The service provider records the FD_READ network event and signals the associated event object again since there is still data to be read.

With these semantics, a Windows Sockets SPI client need not read all available data in response to an FD_READ network event—a single WSPRecv in response to each FD_READ network event is appropriate.

The FD_QOS event is considered edge triggered. A message will be posted exactly once when a QoS change occurs. Further indications will not be issued until either the service provider detects a further change in quality of service or the Windows Sockets SPI client renegotiates the quality of service for the socket.

The FD_ROUTING_INTERFACE_CHANGE and FD_ADDRESS_LIST_CHANGE events are considered edge triggered as well. A message will be posted exactly once when a change occurs AFTER the Windows Socket SPI client has requested the notification by issuing WSAIoctl with SIO_ROUTING_INTERFACE_CHANGE or SIO_ADDRESS_LIST_CHANGE correspondingly. Further messages will not be forthcoming until the SPI client reissues the IOCTL and another change is detected since the IOCTL has been issued.

If a network event has already occurred when the Windows Sockets SPI client calls WSPEventSelect or when the reenabling function is called, then a network event is recorded and the associated event object is signaled as appropriate. This is illustrated in the following sequence.

  • A Windows Sockets SPI client calls WSPListen.
  • A connect request is received but not yet accepted.
  • The Windows Sockets SPI client calls WSPEventSelect specifying that it is interested in the FD_ACCEPT network event for the socket. The service provider records the FD_ACCEPT network event and signals the associated event object immediately.

The FD_WRITE network event is handled slightly differently. An FD_WRITE network event is recorded when a socket is first connected with WSPConnect or accepted with WSPAccept, and then after a WSPSend or WSPSendTo fails with WSAEWOULDBLOCK and buffer space becomes available. Therefore, a Windows Sockets SPI client can assume that sends are possible starting from the first FD_WRITE network event setting and lasting until a send returns WSAEWOULDBLOCK. After such a failure the Windows Sockets SPI client will find out that sends are again possible when an FD_WRITE network event is recorded and the associated event object is signaled.

The FD_OOB network event is used only when a socket is configured to receive OOB data separately. If the socket is configured to receive OOB data inline, the OOB (expedited) data is treated as normal data and the Windows Sockets SPI client should register an interest in, and will get, FD_READ network event, not FD_OOB network event. A Windows Sockets SPI client can set or inspect the way in which OOB data is to be handled by using WSPSetSockOpt or WSPGetSockOpt for the SO_OOBINLINE option.

The error code in an FD_CLOSE network event indicates whether the socket close was graceful or abortive. If the error code is zero, then the close was graceful; if the error code is WSAECONNRESET, then the socket's virtual circuit was reset. This only applies to connection-oriented sockets such as SOCK_STREAM.

The FD_CLOSE network event is recorded when a close indication is received for the virtual circuit corresponding to the socket. In TCP terms, this means that the FD_CLOSE is recorded when the connection goes into the FIN WAIT or CLOSE WAIT states. This results from the remote end performing a WSPShutdown on the send side or a WSPCloseSocket.

Service providers shall record only an FD_CLOSE network event to indicate closure of a virtual circuit, they must not record an FD_READ network event to indicate this condition.

The FD_QOS network event is recorded when any member in the flow specification associated with socket s has changed. This change must be made available to Windows Sockets SPI clients through the WSPIoctl function with SIO_GET_QOS to retrieve the current quality of service for socket s.

The FD_ROUTING_INTERFACE_CHANGE network event is recorded when the local interface that should be used to reach the destination specified in WSAIoctl with SIO_ROUTING_INTERFACE_CHANGE changes AFTER such IOCTL has been issued.

The FD_ADDRESS_LIST_CHANGE network event is recorded when the list of addresses of socket's protocol family to which the Windows Socket SPI client can bind changes after WSAIoctl with SIO_ADDRESS_LIST_CHANGE has been issued.

Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows 2000 Professional [desktop apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows 2000 Server [desktop apps only]

Header

Ws2spi.h

See also

WSPEnumNetworkEvents

 

 

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