SetFileTime function

Sets the date and time that the specified file or directory was created, last accessed, or last modified.

Syntax


BOOL WINAPI SetFileTime(
  _In_      HANDLE hFile,
  _In_opt_  const FILETIME *lpCreationTime,
  _In_opt_  const FILETIME *lpLastAccessTime,
  _In_opt_  const FILETIME *lpLastWriteTime
);

Parameters

hFile [in]

A handle to the file or directory. The handle must have been created using the CreateFile function with the FILE_WRITE_ATTRIBUTES access right. For more information, see File Security and Access Rights.

lpCreationTime [in, optional]

A pointer to a FILETIME structure that contains the new creation date and time for the file or directory. This parameter can be NULL if the application does not need to change this information.

lpLastAccessTime [in, optional]

A pointer to a FILETIME structure that contains the new last access date and time for the file or directory. The last access time includes the last time the file or directory was written to, read from, or (in the case of executable files) run. This parameter can be NULL if the application does not need to change this information.

To prevent file operations using the given handle from modifying the last access time, call SetFileTime immediately after opening the file handle and pass a FILETIME structure whose dwLowDateTime and dwHighDateTime members are both set to 0xFFFFFFFF.

lpLastWriteTime [in, optional]

A pointer to a FILETIME structure that contains the new last modified date and time for the file or directory. This parameter can be NULL if the application does not need to change this information.

To prevent file operations using the given handle from modifying the last access time, call SetFileTime immediately after opening the file handle and pass a FILETIME structure whose dwLowDateTime and dwHighDateTime members are both set to 0xFFFFFFFF.

Return value

If the function succeeds, the return value is nonzero.

If the function fails, the return value is zero. To get extended error information, call GetLastError.

Remarks

Not all file systems can record creation and last access times and not all file systems record them in the same manner. For example, on FAT, create time has a resolution of 10 milliseconds, write time has a resolution of 2 seconds, and access time has a resolution of 1 day (really, the access date). Therefore, the GetFileTime function may not return the same file time information set using SetFileTime. NTFS delays updates to the last access time for a file by up to one hour after the last access.

Examples

For an example, see Changing a File Time to the Current Time.

Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows XP [desktop apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows Server 2003 [desktop apps only]

Header

FileAPI.h (include Windows.h);
WinBase.h on Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows 7, Windows Server 2008, Windows Vista, Windows Server 2003, and Windows XP (include Windows.h)

Library

Kernel32.lib

DLL

Kernel32.dll

See also

File Times
FILETIME
GetFileSize
GetFileTime
GetFileType
SetFileInformationByHandle
Time Functions

 

 

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