AppendMenu function

Appends a new item to the end of the specified menu bar, drop-down menu, submenu, or shortcut menu. You can use this function to specify the content, appearance, and behavior of the menu item.

Syntax


BOOL WINAPI AppendMenu(
  _In_      HMENU hMenu,
  _In_      UINT uFlags,
  _In_      UINT_PTR uIDNewItem,
  _In_opt_  LPCTSTR lpNewItem
);

Parameters

hMenu [in]

Type: HMENU

A handle to the menu bar, drop-down menu, submenu, or shortcut menu to be changed.

uFlags [in]

Type: UINT

Controls the appearance and behavior of the new menu item. This parameter can be a combination of the following values.

ValueMeaning
MF_BITMAP
0x00000004L

Uses a bitmap as the menu item. The lpNewItem parameter contains a handle to the bitmap.

MF_CHECKED
0x00000008L

Places a check mark next to the menu item. If the application provides check-mark bitmaps (see SetMenuItemBitmaps, this flag displays the check-mark bitmap next to the menu item.

MF_DISABLED
0x00000002L

Disables the menu item so that it cannot be selected, but the flag does not gray it.

MF_ENABLED
0x00000000L

Enables the menu item so that it can be selected, and restores it from its grayed state.

MF_GRAYED
0x00000001L

Disables the menu item and grays it so that it cannot be selected.

MF_MENUBARBREAK
0x00000020L

Functions the same as the MF_MENUBREAK flag for a menu bar. For a drop-down menu, submenu, or shortcut menu, the new column is separated from the old column by a vertical line.

MF_MENUBREAK
0x00000040L

Places the item on a new line (for a menu bar) or in a new column (for a drop-down menu, submenu, or shortcut menu) without separating columns.

MF_OWNERDRAW
0x00000100L

Specifies that the item is an owner-drawn item. Before the menu is displayed for the first time, the window that owns the menu receives a WM_MEASUREITEM message to retrieve the width and height of the menu item. The WM_DRAWITEM message is then sent to the window procedure of the owner window whenever the appearance of the menu item must be updated.

MF_POPUP
0x00000010L

Specifies that the menu item opens a drop-down menu or submenu. The uIDNewItem parameter specifies a handle to the drop-down menu or submenu. This flag is used to add a menu name to a menu bar, or a menu item that opens a submenu to a drop-down menu, submenu, or shortcut menu.

MF_SEPARATOR
0x00000800L

Draws a horizontal dividing line. This flag is used only in a drop-down menu, submenu, or shortcut menu. The line cannot be grayed, disabled, or highlighted. The lpNewItem and uIDNewItem parameters are ignored.

MF_STRING
0x00000000L

Specifies that the menu item is a text string; the lpNewItem parameter is a pointer to the string.

MF_UNCHECKED
0x00000000L

Does not place a check mark next to the item (default). If the application supplies check-mark bitmaps (see SetMenuItemBitmaps), this flag displays the clear bitmap next to the menu item.

 

uIDNewItem [in]

Type: UINT_PTR

The identifier of the new menu item or, if the uFlags parameter is set to MF_POPUP, a handle to the drop-down menu or submenu.

lpNewItem [in, optional]

Type: LPCTSTR

The content of the new menu item. The interpretation of lpNewItem depends on whether the uFlags parameter includes the following values.

ValueMeaning
MF_BITMAP
0x00000004L

Contains a bitmap handle.

MF_OWNERDRAW
0x00000100L

Contains an application-supplied value that can be used to maintain additional data related to the menu item. The value is in the itemData member of the structure pointed to by the lParam parameter of the WM_MEASUREITEM or WM_DRAWITEM message sent when the menu is created or its appearance is updated.

MF_STRING
0x00000000L

Contains a pointer to a null-terminated string.

 

Return value

Type: BOOL

If the function succeeds, the return value is nonzero. If the function fails, the return value is zero. To get extended error information, call GetLastError.

Remarks

The application must call the DrawMenuBar function whenever a menu changes, whether the menu is in a displayed window.

To get keyboard accelerators to work with bitmap or owner-drawn menu items, the owner of the menu must process the WM_MENUCHAR message. For more information, see Owner-Drawn Menus and the WM_MENUCHAR Message.

The following groups of flags cannot be used together:

  • MF_BITMAP, MF_STRING, and MF_OWNERDRAW
  • MF_CHECKED and MF_UNCHECKED
  • MF_DISABLED, MF_ENABLED, and MF_GRAYED
  • MF_MENUBARBREAK and MF_MENUBREAK

Examples

For an example, see Adding Lines and Graphs to a Menu.

Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows 2000 Professional [desktop apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows 2000 Server [desktop apps only]

Header

Winuser.h (include Windows.h)

Library

User32.lib

DLL

User32.dll

Unicode and ANSI names

AppendMenuW (Unicode) and AppendMenuA (ANSI)

See also

Reference
CreateMenu
DeleteMenu
DestroyMenu
DrawMenuBar
InsertMenu
InsertMenuItem
ModifyMenu
RemoveMenu
SetMenuItemBitmaps
Conceptual
Menus

 

 

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