SetWindowLong function

Changes an attribute of the specified window. The function also sets the 32-bit (long) value at the specified offset into the extra window memory.

Note  This function has been superseded by the SetWindowLongPtr function. To write code that is compatible with both 32-bit and 64-bit versions of Windows, use the SetWindowLongPtr function.

Syntax


LONG WINAPI SetWindowLong(
  _In_  HWND hWnd,
  _In_  int nIndex,
  _In_  LONG dwNewLong
);

Parameters

hWnd [in]

Type: HWND

A handle to the window and, indirectly, the class to which the window belongs.

nIndex [in]

Type: int

The zero-based offset to the value to be set. Valid values are in the range zero through the number of bytes of extra window memory, minus the size of an integer. To set any other value, specify one of the following values.

ValueMeaning
GWL_EXSTYLE
-20

Sets a new extended window style.

GWL_HINSTANCE
-6

Sets a new application instance handle.

GWL_ID
-12

Sets a new identifier of the child window. The window cannot be a top-level window.

GWL_STYLE
-16

Sets a new window style.

GWL_USERDATA
-21

Sets the user data associated with the window. This data is intended for use by the application that created the window. Its value is initially zero.

GWL_WNDPROC
-4

Sets a new address for the window procedure.

You cannot change this attribute if the window does not belong to the same process as the calling thread.

 

The following values are also available when the hWnd parameter identifies a dialog box.

ValueMeaning
DWL_DLGPROC
DWLP_MSGRESULT + sizeof(LRESULT)

Sets the new address of the dialog box procedure.

DWL_MSGRESULT
0

Sets the return value of a message processed in the dialog box procedure.

DWL_USER
DWLP_DLGPROC + sizeof(DLGPROC)

Sets new extra information that is private to the application, such as handles or pointers.

 

dwNewLong [in]

Type: LONG

The replacement value.

Return value

Type:

Type: LONG

If the function succeeds, the return value is the previous value of the specified 32-bit integer.

If the function fails, the return value is zero. To get extended error information, call GetLastError.

If the previous value of the specified 32-bit integer is zero, and the function succeeds, the return value is zero, but the function does not clear the last error information. This makes it difficult to determine success or failure. To deal with this, you should clear the last error information by calling SetLastError with 0 before calling SetWindowLong. Then, function failure will be indicated by a return value of zero and a GetLastError result that is nonzero.

Remarks

Certain window data is cached, so changes you make using SetWindowLong will not take effect until you call the SetWindowPos function. Specifically, if you change any of the frame styles, you must call SetWindowPos with the SWP_FRAMECHANGED flag for the cache to be updated properly.

If you use SetWindowLong with the GWL_WNDPROC index to replace the window procedure, the window procedure must conform to the guidelines specified in the description of the WindowProc callback function.

If you use SetWindowLong with the DWL_MSGRESULT index to set the return value for a message processed by a dialog procedure, you should return TRUE directly afterward. Otherwise, if you call any function that results in your dialog procedure receiving a window message, the nested window message could overwrite the return value you set using DWL_MSGRESULT.

Calling SetWindowLong with the GWL_WNDPROC index creates a subclass of the window class used to create the window. An application can subclass a system class, but should not subclass a window class created by another process. The SetWindowLong function creates the window subclass by changing the window procedure associated with a particular window class, causing the system to call the new window procedure instead of the previous one. An application must pass any messages not processed by the new window procedure to the previous window procedure by calling CallWindowProc. This allows the application to create a chain of window procedures.

Reserve extra window memory by specifying a nonzero value in the cbWndExtra member of the WNDCLASSEX structure used with the RegisterClassEx function.

You must not call SetWindowLong with the GWL_HWNDPARENT index to change the parent of a child window. Instead, use the SetParent function.

If the window has a class style of CS_CLASSDC or CS_OWNDC, do not set the extended window styles WS_EX_COMPOSITED or WS_EX_LAYERED.

Calling SetWindowLong to set the style on a progressbar will reset its position.

Examples

For an example, see Subclassing a Window.

Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows 2000 Professional [desktop apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows 2000 Server [desktop apps only]

Header

Winuser.h (include Windows.h)

Library

User32.lib

DLL

User32.dll

Unicode and ANSI names

SetWindowLongW (Unicode) and SetWindowLongA (ANSI)

See also

Reference
CallWindowProc
GetWindowLong
RegisterClassEx
SetParent
SetWindowLongPtr
WindowProc
WNDCLASSEX
Conceptual
Window Classes

 

 

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