ARIA Label Error

Text

Element is of type input, button, image-button or landmark but doesn't have an accessible name.

Type

Error

Description

This error applies to:

  • Form input fields:
    • HTML tags—input[type= "text|password|checkbox|radio|file|email|tel|color|date|datetime|datetime-local|time|week|month|number|range|search|url"], select, datalist, and textarea.
    • WAI-ARIA roles—checkbox, combobox, listbox, radiogroup, radio, textbox, tree, slider, and spinbutton.
  • Images/image buttons/ buttons
    • HTML tags—img, input[type="image|button"], and button.
    • WAI-ARIA roles—img and button.
  • Landmarks
    • WAI-ARIA roles—region, banner, complementary, contentinfo, form, main, navigation, and search.

Note  AccChecker shows this error even for elements for which the accessible name is set by default based on inner HTML content (see the banner element in the above example). For these cases, you can suppress this errors.

All semantically important UI elements such as form fields (for example, input, select, textarea), images, buttons and landmarks (tags representing logical regions) must have the accessible name to allow screen readers to correctly announce them.

To fix this error, set the accessible name in one of the following ways (listed in the order of preference).

  • Form fields: Use the label tag and set the for attribute to the id value of the target field.
  • Image/image button: Set the alt attribute.
  • Buttons: Set the button caption text.
  • For any element:
    • aria-labelledby attribute: Set to the id value of the element containing the accessible name string.
    • aria-label attribute: Set to the accessible name string.
    • title attribute: Set to the accessible name string (also create a tooltip).

Example


<!-- For landmark tags, set the accessible name by using the aria-labelledby 
attribute to reference the visible headers. -->
<h1 id="formHeader">Application Form</h1>
<form aria-labelledby="formHeader">

  <!-- For input fields, use the LABEL tag with the for attribute. -->
  <label for="fullName">Full Name</label>
  <input id="fullName" type="text" />

  <!-- If there is no visible text that can be referenced, set the accessible 
  name by using aria-label or title attributes. -->
  <input type="file" aria-label="Your photo"/>

  <!-- For images, use the alt attribute. -->
  <img src="…" alt="Uploaded photo" />

  <!-- For buttons, caption text is also used as the accessible name. -->
  <button onclick="processForm()">Send</button>

  <!-- For image buttons, use the alt attribute to define the accessible name. -->
  <input type="image" src="images/moreinfo.png" alt="Show more info"/>

  <!-- For elements with inner text this error can be suppressed because the 
  accessible name is set by default. -->
  <div role="banner">Accessible name set by default</div>
</form >


 

 

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