Defining Severity Levels

Levels are used to group events and typically indicate the severity or verbosity of an event. To define a level, use the level element. The Winmeta.xml file defines the following commonly used severity levels:

  • win:Critical
  • win:Error
  • win:Warning
  • win:Informational
  • win:Verbose

Consumers use levels to query for events that contain a specific level value. An ETW tracing session can also use levels to limit the events that are written to the event tracing log file; events with a level value equal to or less than the specified level value are written to the log file. For example, if the session specified the level value for win:Warning, the log file would contain warning, error, and critical events.

The following example shows how to define a level. You must specify the level's name and value attributes. The value of the value attribute must be in the range from 16 through 255. The symbol and message attributes are optional.


<instrumentationManifest
    xmlns="http://schemas.microsoft.com/win/2004/08/events" 
    xmlns:win="http://manifests.microsoft.com/win/2004/08/windows/events"
    xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"    
    >

    <instrumentation>
        <events>
            <provider name="Microsoft-Windows-SampleProvider" 
                guid="{1db28f2e-8f80-4027-8c5a-a11f7f10f62d}" 
                symbol="PROVIDER_GUID" 
                resourceFileName="<path to the exe or dll that contains the metadata resources>" 
                messageFileName="<path to the exe or dll that contains the string resources>"
                message="$(string.Provider.Name)">

                . . .

                <levels>
                    <level name="NotValid"
                           value="16"
                           symbol="LEVEL_SAMPLEPROVIDER_NOTVALID"
                           message="$(string.Level.NotValid)"/>
                    <level name="Valid"
                           value="17"
                           symbol="LEVEL_SAMPLEPROVIDER_VALID"
                           message="$(string.Level.Valid)"/>
                </levels>

                . . .

            </provider>
        </events>
    </instrumentation>

    <localization>
        <resources culture="en-US">
            <stringTable>
                <string id="Provider.Name" value="Sample Provider"/>
                <string id="Level.Valid" value="Valid"/>
                <string id="Level.NotValid" value="Not Valid"/>
            </stringTable>
        </resources>
    </localization>

</instrumentationManifest>

 

 

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