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waveOutOpen function

The waveOutOpen function opens the given waveform-audio output device for playback.

Syntax


MMRESULT waveOutOpen(
  LPHWAVEOUT phwo,
  UINT_PTR uDeviceID,
  LPWAVEFORMATEX pwfx,
  DWORD_PTR dwCallback,
  DWORD_PTR dwCallbackInstance,
  DWORD fdwOpen
);

Parameters

phwo

Pointer to a buffer that receives a handle identifying the open waveform-audio output device. Use the handle to identify the device when calling other waveform-audio output functions. This parameter might be NULL if the WAVE_FORMAT_QUERY flag is specified for fdwOpen.

uDeviceID

Identifier of the waveform-audio output device to open. It can be either a device identifier or a handle of an open waveform-audio input device. You can also use the following flag instead of a device identifier:

Value Meaning
WAVE_MAPPERThe function selects a waveform-audio output device capable of playing the given format.

 

pwfx

Pointer to a WAVEFORMATEX structure that identifies the format of the waveform-audio data to be sent to the device. You can free this structure immediately after passing it to waveOutOpen.

dwCallback

Specifies the callback mechanism. The value must be one of the following:

  • A pointer to a callback function. For the function signature, see waveOutProc.
  • A handle to a window.
  • A thread identifier.
  • A handle to an event.
  • The value NULL.

The fdwOpen parameter specifies how the dwCallback parameter is interpreted. For more information, see Remarks.

dwCallbackInstance

User-instance data passed to the callback mechanism. This parameter is not used with the window callback mechanism.

fdwOpen

Flags for opening the device. The following values are defined.

Value Meaning
CALLBACK_EVENTThe dwCallback parameter is an event handle.
CALLBACK_FUNCTIONThe dwCallback parameter is a callback procedure address.
CALLBACK_NULLNo callback mechanism. This is the default setting.
CALLBACK_THREADThe dwCallback parameter is a thread identifier.
CALLBACK_WINDOWThe dwCallback parameter is a window handle.
WAVE_ALLOWSYNCIf this flag is specified, a synchronous waveform-audio device can be opened. If this flag is not specified while opening a synchronous driver, the device will fail to open.
WAVE_MAPPED_DEFAULT_COMMUNICATION_DEVICE

If this flag is specified and the uDeviceID parameter is WAVE_MAPPER, the function opens the default communication device.

This flag applies only when uDeviceID equals WAVE_MAPPER.

Note  Requires Windows 7

WAVE_FORMAT_DIRECTIf this flag is specified, the ACM driver does not perform conversions on the audio data.
WAVE_FORMAT_QUERYIf this flag is specified, waveOutOpen queries the device to determine if it supports the given format, but the device is not actually opened.
WAVE_MAPPEDIf this flag is specified, the uDeviceID parameter specifies a waveform-audio device to be mapped to by the wave mapper.

 

Return value

Returns MMSYSERR_NOERROR if successful or an error otherwise. Possible error values include the following.

Return codeDescription
MMSYSERR_ALLOCATED

Specified resource is already allocated.

MMSYSERR_BADDEVICEID

Specified device identifier is out of range.

MMSYSERR_NODRIVER

No device driver is present.

MMSYSERR_NOMEM

Unable to allocate or lock memory.

WAVERR_BADFORMAT

Attempted to open with an unsupported waveform-audio format.

WAVERR_SYNC

The device is synchronous but waveOutOpen was called without using the WAVE_ALLOWSYNC flag.

 

Remarks

Use the waveOutGetNumDevs function to determine the number of waveform-audio output devices present in the system. If the value specified by the uDeviceID parameter is a device identifier, it can vary from zero to one less than the number of devices present. The WAVE_MAPPER constant can also be used as a device identifier.

The structure pointed to by pwfx can be extended to include type-specific information for certain data formats. For example, for PCM data, an extra UINT is added to specify the number of bits per sample. Use the PCMWAVEFORMAT structure in this case. For all other waveform-audio formats, use the WAVEFORMATEX structure to specify the length of the additional data.

If you choose to have a window or thread receive callback information, the following messages are sent to the window procedure function to indicate the progress of waveform-audio output: MM_WOM_OPEN, MM_WOM_CLOSE, and MM_WOM_DONE.

Callback Mechanism

The dwCallback and fdwOpen parameters specify how the application is notified about the progress of waveform-audio output.

If fdwOpen contains the CALLBACK_FUNCTION flag, dwCallback is a pointer to a callback function. For the function signature, see waveOutProc. The uMsg parameter of the callback indicates the progress of the audio output:

If fdwOpen contains the CALLBACK_WINDOW flag, dwCallback is a handle to a window.The window receives the following messages, indicating the progress:

If fdwOpen contains the CALLBACK_THREAD flag, dwCallback is a thread identifier. The thread receives the messages listed previously for CALLBACK_WINDOW.

If fdwOpen contains the CALLBACK_EVENT flag, dwCallback is a handle to an event. The event is signaled whenever the state of the waveform buffer changes. The application can use WaitForSingleObject or WaitForMultipleObjects to wait for the event. When the event is signaled, you can get the current state of the waveform buffer by checking the dwFlags member of the WAVEHDR structure. (See waveOutPrepareHeader.)

If fdwOpen contains the CALLBACK_NULL flag, dwCallback must be NULL. In that case, no callback mechanism is used.

Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows 2000 Professional [desktop apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows 2000 Server [desktop apps only]

Header

Mmsystem.h (include Windows.h)

Library

Winmm.lib

DLL

Winmm.dll

See also

Using a Callback Function to Process Driver Messages
Using a Window or Thread to Process Driver Messages
Using an Event Callback to Process Driver Messages
Waveform Audio
Waveform Functions

 

 

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