Shell object

Represents the objects in the Shell. Methods are provided to control the Shell and to execute commands within the Shell. There are also methods to obtain other Shell-related objects.

Members

The Shell object has these types of members:

Methods

The Shell object has these methods.

MethodDescription
AddToRecent

Adds a file to the most recently used (MRU) list.

BrowseForFolder

Creates a dialog box that enables the user to select a folder and then returns the selected folder's Folder object.

CanStartStopService

Determines if the current user can start and stop the named service.

CascadeWindows

Cascades all of the windows on the desktop. This method has the same effect as right-clicking the taskbar and selecting Cascade Windows.

ControlPanelItem

Runs the specified Control Panel (*.cpl) application. If the application is already open, it will activate the running instance.

Note  As of Windows Vista, most Control Panel applications are Shell items and cannot be opened with this function. To open those Control Panel applications, pass the canonical name to control.exe. For example:

control.exe /name Microsoft.Personalization
EjectPC

Ejects the computer from its docking station. This is the same as clicking the Start menu and selecting Eject PC, if your computer supports this command.

Explore

Opens a specified folder in a Windows Explorer window.

ExplorerPolicy

Gets the value for a specified Internet Explorer policy.

FileRun

Displays the Run dialog to the user. This method has the same effect as clicking the Start menu and selecting Run.

FindComputer

Displays the Search Results: Computers dialog box. The dialog box shows the result of the search for a specified computer.

FindFiles

Displays the Find: All Files dialog box. This is the same as clicking the Start menu and then selecting Search (or its equivalent under systems earlier than Windows XP.

FindPrinter

Displays the Find Printer dialog box.

GetSetting

Retrieves a global Shell setting.

GetSystemInformation

Retrieves system information.

Help

Displays the Windows Help and Support Center. This method has the same effect as clicking the Start menu and selecting Help and Support.

IsRestricted

Retrieves a group's restriction setting from the registry.

IsServiceRunning

Returns a value that indicates whether a particular service is running.

MinimizeAll

Minimizes all of the windows on the desktop. This method has the same effect as right-clicking the taskbar and selecting Minimize All Windows on older systems or clicking the Show Desktop icon in the Quick Launch area of the taskbar in Windows 2000 or Windows XP.

NameSpace

Creates and returns a Folder object for the specified folder.

Open

Opens the specified folder.

RefreshMenu

Refreshes the contents of the Start menu. Used only with systems preceding Windows XP.

SearchCommand

Displays the Apps Search pane.

ServiceStart

Starts a named service.

ServiceStop

Stops a named service.

SetTime

Displays the Date and Time Properties dialog box. This method has the same effect as right-clicking the clock in the taskbar status area and selecting Adjust Date/Time.

ShellExecute

Performs a specified operation on a specified file.

ShowBrowserBar

Displays a browser bar.

ShutdownWindows

Displays the Shut Down Windows dialog box. This is the same as clicking the Start menu and selecting Shut Down.

Suspend
TileHorizontally

Tiles all of the windows on the desktop horizontally. This method has the same effect as right-clicking the taskbar and selecting Tile Windows Horizontally.

TileVertically

Tiles all of the windows on the desktop vertically. This method has the same effect as right-clicking the taskbar and selecting Tile Windows Vertically.

ToggleDesktop

Displays or hides the desktop.

TrayProperties

Displays the Taskbar and Start Menu Properties dialog box. This method has the same effect as right-clicking the taskbar and selecting Properties.

UndoMinimizeALL

Restores all desktop windows to the same state they were in before the last MinimizeAll command. This method has the same effect as right-clicking the taskbar and selecting Undo Minimize All Windows on older systems or a second clicking of the Show Desktop icon in the Quick Launch area of the taskbar in Windows 2000 or Windows XP.

Windows

Creates and returns a ShellWindows object. This object represents a collection of all of the open windows that belong to the Shell.

WindowsSecurity

Displays the Windows Security dialog box.

WindowSwitcher

Displays your open windows in a 3D stack that you can flip through.

 

Properties

The Shell object has these properties.

PropertyAccess typeDescription

Application

Read-only

Contains the object's Application object.

Parent

Read-only

Gets an object that represents the parent of the current object.

 

Requirements

Minimum supported client

Windows 2000 Professional, Windows XP [desktop apps only]

Minimum supported server

Windows 2000 Server [desktop apps only]

Header

Shldisp.h

IDL

Shldisp.idl

DLL

Shell32.dll (version 4.71 or later)

 

 

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